How to make a bunk bed do it yourself

Today, making furniture at home is very popular and successful. Some craftsmen make sofas, tables, chairs, dressers and other furniture items, among which there are various beds. If you have two children, but not much space in the room, you can think about making a comfortable bunk bed. This decision can literally save you, since this bed would not take up much space, but it would bring tremendous benefits. An independent solution to the problem will save your money. To make such a bed with his own hand is not so difficult. All that is required of you is to have an idea about the future bed, buy the necessary materials and study the instructions for making the structure. All this will be discussed in our article. You can learn how to make a bunk bed with your own hands easily and correctly. And even if you are not a master who makes all kinds of furniture every day, you will be able to do it!

Advantages and disadvantages of a bunk bed

How to make a bunk bed do it yourself Significantly save space

Such constructions are nowadays considered to be very popular. It is worth noting that they were previously used everywhere in children's rooms. And here the matter concerns not only the fact that they save space significantly (although this is the main factor). Often, this original bunk bed is used to make the nursery more original and cozy. Children love something unusual and they like this bed very much.

Especially since designs cannot always be double. It can be a single bed, on the second floor of which there is a sleeping place, and on the first floor - a working desk or, for example, a computer desk. It was noticed that the child sleeps on such a bed with a greater desire, so you do not have to persuade him to go to bed for hours. Even the fact that children have to agree on who will sleep on what floor also has a good effect on their development and ability to communicate with others.

If you are thinking of buying such a bed or making it yourself, please note that a quality product will be quite expensive. There are cheaper models, but their quality is low and therefore there is no guarantee that your child will not be injured. That model of the bed, the manufacture of which will be discussed further, is very durable, reliable, stable and safe, it can withstand both a child and an adult.

How to make a bunk bed do it yourself A loft bed with a desk

By the way, there are some craftsmen who family circumstances even make a three-tier structure. Although most experts call it brute force, as the level of danger is much higher.

How to make a bunk bed do it yourself Triple bed

To sum it all up, having made a bunk bed for your children, you get the following benefits:

  • You can save space in a room, because basically beds and sofas occupy the most free space that can be used for more useful purposes, especially if the family lives in a one-room or two-room apartment. The place under the bed can also be used. There you can put boxes or other things that will no longer occupy space in the room.
  • Unlike sofas or folding beds, it does not need to be constantly disassembled and assembled. The child just needs to cover it and the room is considered to be cleaned.
  • Your children will rather go to bed and their stay in the room will be even more fun.
  • If you make such a box beautifully, then it will be an excellent complement to the interior of the whole room.

How to make a bunk bed do it yourself The bunk bed

Despite its advantages, such designs also have disadvantages, which you also need to know. They are as follows:

  • Insecurity. Anyway, but absolutely safe such a design can not be named. And the matter is not even simply in the unreliability of the structure, but in the fact that we are talking about children who are at a high altitude. They can, playing, simply fall from the second tier. Some children often wake up at night, so when you get awake, they can easily fall out if they are not oriented.
  • Some children are afraid of heights, so they will not agree to sleep on the second tier.
  • You all know that warm air accumulates at the top, so the second tier will always be hotter and the air there is dry. A child who suffers from a bronchopulmonary disease is not worth being there.

That's all you need to know. After weighing all the pros and cons, you can decide whether to resort to the construction of this structure or not. Also along the way you should choose whether to buy a bed or make it yourself. Well, now, we'll figure out how to make such a bed with his own hands.

The main thing is the size

How to make a bunk bed do it yourself Drawing of the bed

Before you design the project bed and begin to make it, you need to take into account some points. First, you or your child must choose a comfortable place where it will be located. Secondly, consider the location of the staircase, which will provide access to the second tier. Well and the important moment - the sizes which will be ideal for a comfortable and safe arrangement on the first and second tier.

If we talk about size, then there are certain rules that need to be taken into account when designing:

  1. The distance from the lower tier to the floor must be such that an adult feels comfortable sitting on him Please note that you can store some things under the lower tier.
  2. The distance between the lower and upper tier should allow the adult to sit comfortably inside. It will be convenient for parents who can spend time with children, and for children who will not hit the upper tier, jumping from bed.
  3. Ceilings in an apartment or house should be taken into account. The upper tier should not be too high, so that the child does not hit the ceiling.

How to make a bunk bed do it yourself The upper tier should not be too high

Bed, instructions for making which we we present it, it is intended for a room with a ceiling height of 2.5 m. The mattress thickness is selected 20 cm, and the bed size will be 180 cm by 80 cm.

Tools and materials

How to make a bunk bed do it yourself Bed made of solid pine

The finished bed will be made of natural material - wood, which has proven its practicality and quality for centuries. Pine is ideal for this purpose. First of all you need to prepare all the necessary components with which you will work. So, you need to purchase:

  • pine bars 40 * 60 mm for stairs;
  • pine bars 50 * 100 mm for racks and mattress frame;
  • pine boards 20 * 100 mm, 20 * 150 mm and 20 * 150 mm for spacers and sides.

For the specific length of the boards, you should not get attached, first you need to see what details are required, calculate their total length and buy the material.

In addition, you can not do without your own skilled hands, thanks to which you can perform such a design. Please note that making a bunk bed from a simple pine plank is much more difficult than, for example, from laminated chipboard. To do this, you will need certain skills to process the edge and stick on the chipboard cuts. Therefore, if you are new, use the boards.

How to make a bunk bed do it yourself Plywood

In addition, to make the foundation on which the mattress will be located, you need to buy :

  • plywood sheet 9 mm thick or a set of rails with lato holders;
  • screws, screws, screws and corners;
  • PVA glue and emery paper;
  • thermal tape or plastic edge;
  • decorative washers-plugs.

Before you start making the bed, all the wood that will be used must be left indoors for a week. So, your material adapts to the environment to acquire the same temperature and humidity as the room in which the finished bed will be placed. Due to this, all elements will not warp in the finished form.

The wood that will be at the base of the entire frame should be well treated. It is important to work with the right material that would be perfectly flat, polished and free from various defects. If your handicraft material is cheap and unprocessed, you will have to do it yourself, which will require a well-equipped workshop. Since not everyone knows how and has the right tools, it’s better to buy ready-made boards at once, which you only need to cut. The cost of them, however, will be higher.

How to make a bunk bed do it yourself Pine

When making bunk furniture with one hand is not enough. The following tools will be needed for work:

  • screwdriver;
  • hacksaw or jigsaw;
  • pliers and hammer;
  • building level, elbow, pencil and tape measure;
  • metal detector (you can take a magnet) and wiring.

How to make a bunk bed do it yourself Required Tools

A few words about the drawings

For preliminary to perform some calculation, you need to familiarize yourself with the drawings of the future bed. But first you need to do it. There are two options: either draw it yourself, pick up your individual dimensions, or take some kind of drawing from the Internet. The priority is the first option and here's why:

  1. The most important parameters are not so much the length and width, as the bed height. On the Internet you can find various standard sizes that are not always suitable for your room.For example, not all ceilings are 2.5 m, although it is this height that occurs most often. The height of some rooms can reach 5-6 m or vice versa - 2 m. A child who will be on the second tier must not only sit freely, but also move. It is unpleasant when the ceiling hangs directly above your head. The kid who sits on the top tier should not touch the ceiling with his hand raised.
  2. When you plan that children will sleep on the bed for more than one or two years, but for several years, you need to choose the sizes with a certain margin. Standard is 90 * 190 cm. Only, in this case there is an orientation to the used mattress.
  3. When calculating the ratio, you must consider the thickness of your mattress.

It is simply necessary to make a detailed drawing. It is important to make a scheme of two sun loungers, butt and facade design. It is necessary to draw with regard to scale and, if possible, as detailed as possible. If you make the scheme correctly, it will be very easy to calculate the necessary amount of materials.

If you want to use a ready-made scheme that was found on the Internet, make sure that the dimensions of the design will fit into the size of the room. If you need to change something or make adjustments, do it exclusively in proportion. For example, you can not change the height of the bed by 30 cm and position the lower bed above without consequences. Each change will affect the reliability and stability of the bunk bed. Therefore, if you already decided to make changes, apply them to the whole structure proportionally.

Below you can see the bunk bed drawings:

How to make a bunk bed do it yourself Drawing of the bunk bed

How to make a bunk bed do it yourself Sleeping pattern

How to make a bunk bed do it yourself Drawing of the lower structure

How to make a bunk bed do it yourself Drawing in the projection

How to make a bunk bed do it yourself Required materials

Making and assembling a bed

You can cut the materials yourself, or you can place an order in a specialized company that, according to your drawings, will do everything perfect. Once all the materials are ready, you can assemble the bed.

How to make a bunk bed do it yourself Assembling the frame

  1. First you need to make a frame for the mattress. Take four bars with a section of 50 * 100 mm and fasten them in the form of a rectangle that will be equal to the size of the mattress. For ease of use only, the length and width should be increased by 20 mm. Bars are important to bond well together and the best method for this is a spike into the groove using wood glue. But you can bring this option to life only when you have a milling machine. Otherwise, the elements are connected by metal corners.
  2. How to make a bunk bed do it yourself Base under the mattress In the finished frame, install the spacer from the board 20 * 100 mm or from the same bar 50 * 100 mm. Pre-board should be cut to the width. Such spacers, depending on the planned load, can be from 1 to 4 pcs.
  3. Now it is necessary to fasten the external bumpers to the bottom frame. For the lower bed, use boards with a cross section of 20 * 150 mm, and for the upper one, more reliable boards with a cross section of 20 * 200 mm will do. Screw the screws from the inside, so that they do not pass through the sides.
  4. In the next step, you must assemble 4 corner posts that will also serve as the legs of the bed. Since they will account for all the main load, the rack must be strong. Take two bars with a section of 50 * 100 mm, their length should be equal to the height of the whole structure, including the fencing of the second floor. These bars must be fastened at an angle of 90˚ to get the finished L-shaped profile. Pay attention that the self-tapping screw should be literally drowned in wood, and the formed deepenings should be puttied and oshkurit. You should have 4 identical support legs.
  5. In the finished supports, at the height of the second and first level you have chosen, you should plan and make holes for the fastening screw. It is important to control the entire assembly process with the square and the level in order to avoid mistakes. Make exactly these holes in the right places on the lounger frame.
  6. It is recommended that the entire structure be attached to the wall for safety. To do this, you need to attach the top frame to the vertical risers with screws. After that, the design is laid to the wall to make markup of future attachment points. At the level of the second floor in the wall and in the bed itself, make the corresponding holes. Note that the hole in the bed must pass through the racks of the rack and the frame. Then firmly press the structure against the wall and fix it with screws.
    If you do not want to fix the bed to the wall, you can skip this step.
  7. Now it remains to establish the first level of the bed. For reliability, use metal corners.
  8. It is time to make the bumpers or fencing that will protect your children from falling.For this purpose, use a board section of 20 * 200 mm for the second tier, which are fixed to the racks. For the lower tier, use the boards 20 * 150 mm. In the place where the stairs will be located, bumpers are not needed.
  9. How to make a bunk bed do it yourself Making stairs For making stairs, take two beams of 40 * 60 mm and fix them to the bed frame above and below. Then install the crossbar, securing them with screws. You can make and portable version of the ladder, which is not required to fasten to the bed, but if the children are on her crap, you can fall down her.
  10. It remains only to prepare the base or the bottom under the mattress. Place a sheet of plywood or slats on the lato-holders on the frame below and above and fasten them.
  11. To give the product an aesthetic look, the surface can be sanded and opened with a shiny or matte varnish. Cover the visible ends with plastic or thermal tape.

That's it, after the varnish has dried, you can install a mattress, and your children can enjoy the rest in their new bed. The design is assembled with bolts and screws, so if necessary, you can very easily disassemble and assemble it. But this should not stop. You can equip the bed with an additional table top, or, if necessary, make the lower tier moveable so that it can be converted into a table. This children's bunk bed transformer just have children like.


Below is a master class on making a children's bunk bed:

The manufacturing process is in full swing. The main work is shown here:

The bed is almost ready:


How to make a bunk bed do it yourself Drawing beds from chipboard

How to make a bunk bed do it yourself Drawing a simple bed from an array of

How to make a bunk bed do it yourself With a plywood base under the mattress


How to make a bunk bed do it yourself With drawers at the bottom

How to make a bunk bed do it yourself With three beds

How to make a bunk bed do it yourself With drawers in the steps of the stairs

How to make a bunk bed do it yourself With storage spaces

See also:

  • How to make a pull-out bed.


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