To get into the interior of your own house, you need to go through the porch. Without this extension, the house or cottage does not look quite finished. The porch performs several functions: aesthetic, the function of entering and leaving the house, protecting the house from winter drifts. To build a wooden porch with your own hands is not the most difficult task. By its construction it can be simplified, built-in, attached. Less commonly found porch-patio and other original forms.
By design, the porch can be simplified, attached or embedded.
The design drawings for a wooden house under construction usually include the drawings of a porch with your own hands, from which, if desired, you can move a little. The porch patio is an intermediate option between the terrace and the ordinary porch. Its design is quite simple, but functional. This building is ideally suited to a wooden house located in a warm climate, where there is no snow. But such structures are erected in regions with precipitation in the form of snow. In this case, outside the wooden porch is recommended to finish with additional siding. You can build it without any problems.
For work it is necessary to prepare the following materials:
The size of the steps for the porch.
The construction procedure includes the following main steps:
Stage 1. For the construction of a wooden porch is required to equip the foundation. The optimal choice of its design is considered the pile option. It is characterized by simplicity of construction and low cost. Pine timber from which supports will be made is treated with an antiseptic composition. A pit about 80-100 cm deep is dug out for the installation of each support. You can drill it with a drill of the required diameter. The lower part of the pillars is processed with hot bitumen, wrapped with roofing felt, installed in a pit, filled with soil and compacted. Instead of bitumen, used and waste oil. It is possible to fill the supports with concrete. Installed pillars must be trimmed so that they are the same height.
Schemes of stairs for a porch.
Stage 2. It is necessary to make a string and kosoura. The simplest string is the ledges carved on it. The variant with the steps cut into the string is more complex. The notches under the steps can be marked with the help of a piece cut out of cardboard in the form of a right-angled triangle. Its legs are equal to the size of the tread and the riser. The tread is called the horizontal part, the riser is the vertical part.
The recommended tread width is 37-45 cm, the height of the steps (risers) should not exceed 20 cm. The porch of a wooden house should have an odd number of steps. The width of the porch should be one and a half width of the door, to which the porch is adjacent. Marked parts are cut with a hacksaw or jigsaw. The finished elements are aligned with the level and attached to the upper end of the supports. For stronger fastening of all elements of a design use steel brackets and metal strips.
Stage 3. All work on the installation of flooring, steps and risers is carried out, and the railing is installed. These parts are fastened in different ways: with the help of grooves and spikes, nails, screws, screws.
The service life of a wooden porch depends on many reasons. Not least among them is the quality of materials. The tree should be well dried. In order to protect against decay and from various pests all structural elements must be treated with antiseptics.
Ladders on different types of supports.
Stage 4. Erection of a visor or roof over the porch. This detail is able to give the whole country house a complete aesthetic appearance, to protect the porch of a wooden house from the effects of precipitation. On the visors look good jewelry made of carved wood and metal forging. The shape of the visor, its color and material usually repeat the corresponding parameters of the main house. But this is not a prerequisite. Most often, the roof make a shed with a slope of the slope away from the house. As the material used traditional metal, slate, corrugated.
The roofs and canopies of colored polycarbonate sheets look quite effective. They easily take any form, differ in ease of installation and small weight. For their construction are installed additional wooden or metal racks. You can simply attach to the wall frame, welded from metal.You can use a frame made of aluminum profile. The dimensions of the shed above the porch usually do not exceed 100x200 cm.
The porch made of logs fits perfectly into the ensemble of wooden houses.
Building a porch of any type for a wooden house with your own hands is quite a task.
To complete it, you need a minimum of tools. For the manufacture of the porch, you can use the trimming of materials remaining after the construction of the house. You can decorate the finished structure with wooden carvings, wrought metal elements. The main thing is to process all wooden parts with hot bitumen, antiseptic agents. This will significantly extend the service life of the porch.
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