Washing and pressure testing of the heating system

It is difficult to imagine a house, apartment or any company without a heating system. Nowadays, water heating is practically everywhere, but in order for such a system to function normally, serve for a long time and without fail, it must be periodically maintained. Since the water in the system has different impurities, the pipes can become dirty and rust. To avoid problems later, we need flushing and pressure testing of the heating system. What is it and how is it performed? Consider more in the article.

What is the purpose of

Washing and pressure testing of the heating system Clogged system

During operation on pipe walls scaling and other deposits are collected. This leads to a number of problems. First, the pipes wear out faster and become unusable. Secondly, because of the thick layer of the pipe, the pipes heat up longer, and the heat output is significantly reduced. These are negative factors, since, according to experts, only 1 mm of scale can reduce heat transfer by 15%. This is not surprising, since scale has a conductivity of heat about 40 times less than metals. And if the layer is 3 mm or even 5? In this case, the efficiency of the system is low, and you do not get the proper heat. In this case, you pay for the heat a lot, but it is still cold in the house or apartment. Scale can also damage metal, which can lead to pipe rupture. Moreover, the deposits make the diameter of the pipes through passage less than 2 times, which reduces the rate of fluid circulation.

Washing and pressure testing of the heating system Taking a battery with a thermal imager

Washing the system is necessary in order to achieve maximum heat saving and homeowner funds. It is important to understand that pipes clogged with sediments and scale can cause accidents, which in turn can lead to dire consequences. Such flushing of the pipeline and radiators should be done every few years.

Washing and pressure testing of the heating system The battery is clogged

Ideally, this work should be provided to professionals who are trained and can no problem flushing the system. First you need to diagnose the entire heating system. These data will help the specialist to see the full picture, to find out the composition and nature of scale and deposits in the pipes. Then he can pick up the right equipment. After the flushing process, the pipe walls will be treated with an anticorrosive agent. Due to this scale and deposits will not appear for some time.

Checking the operation of the heating system

Washing and pressure testing of the heating system Calculation of gas for heating the house

How find out if you need flushing the system or not? Here are some signs of a decrease in the efficiency of the heating system, which clearly show what needs to be done to flush:

  • the boiler makes unusual and strange sounds;
  • after switching on to warm up the system, it takes longer;
  • increase in energy consumption;
  • with hot pipes, the radiator remains cold;
  • installation of a new boiler in an old heating system.

If you notice 1 or more of these signs, you should take action. Otherwise, you will “throw away” money to the wind and can allow an emergency situation. After all, if the pipe breaks, it will be very unpleasant.

How to perform a hydropneumatic flush

Washing and pressure testing of the heating system Hydropneumatic flush

Hydropneumatic flush can be performed two methods:

  • filling;
  • flowing.

The whole technology of the filling method is that compressed air is supplied to the heating pipes, which are filled with water. Due to the shock wave, the rate of passage of water increases, and all deposits on the walls are washed out and removed from the system. Contaminated coolant is discharged through the drain valve. This procedure must be performed several times. This is similar to how to blow a pipe for drinks from the foam with the help of the mouth. This method is effective, but it is unlikely to succeed in its full implementation on its own.

To perform a hydropneumatic flush, it is necessary to embed the connections with taps and non-return valves. If the system is small, then air is supplied through nozzles that are already in the heating system. Next you need to reset all the water from the system. For this there are special cranes. If suddenly there are none, they need to be embedded in the return pipeline. Then the water is fed back into the system.

A compressor is used to supply air, creating a pressure of 0.6 MPa. A non-return valve should be installed in the compressed air piping. It will limit the ingress of water into the receiver of the compressor itself. To choose a suitable compressor, you need to look at the specifications. It is important that it is equipped with a function that regulates the frequency of formation of pulses for the mixture. It would be nice if you can add disinfectants to it.Equipment must have such features:

  1. Reliability, mobility and compactness.
  2. Protection against independent switching on of the device.
  3. Built-in indicator of pressure and water flow.

Then, thanks to compressed air, all the dirt is removed through the bleed pipe. The whole process must be repeated several times.

Washing and pressure testing of the heating system Before and after cleaning the pipes

The flow method is simpler and you can do this washing yourself. without calling professionals. The essence of the method is that due to the compressor a mixture of water and air is fed into the system through all parts of the system. This circulation occurs until a clear liquid emerges from the nozzle. Here is a guide on how to do this washing:

  1. The entire system must be filled with water. The air collector valve must be left open.
  2. After the system is full, the valve should be closed.
  3. Compressed air is supplied to the system through a valve. The discharge pipe opens successively.
  4. A mixture of air and water constantly enters the pipeline, passing through all heating devices, after which it merges.

The whole process is done until clean water flows from the system. This way you can clean your heating system, making it much more productive and more durable.

The effectiveness of this kind of flushing will be obvious, as it happens:

  • a decrease in the hydraulic resistance of pipelines and the system; 55>
  • improved fluid circulation.

Chemical washing of the system

Washing and pressure testing of the heating system

Washing in this manner is quite simple. Instead of the coolant, a special solution consisting of acid and alkali is pumped into the system. After that it is necessary to ensure the circulation of the solution for 2.5-3 hours. If this is not a natural circulation line, a pneumatic pump can provide it. After that, the liquid is drained and filled the system back with coolant.

Such reagents are strictly forbidden to be drained into the sewage system, so you must purchase a neutralizer before purchasing a chemical mixture.

The method can be used in two cases:

  1. When it is necessary to flush the system with natural circulation, the pipes of which are made of steel.
  2. When you need to restore the old heating system. Since during operation the pipes can become so clogged that the pneumatic pump will not cope with the task. And if you use a pump with more power, there is no guarantee that the pipes will withstand such pressure.

It happens that the pipes are very old, have signs of corrosion, defects and dents. In this case, there will be no point in washing, as the mixture will dissolve rust, and the pipes may start to leak. The only solution to this problem is the complete replacement of pipes.

Crimping the system that it is

Washing and pressure testing of the heating system Pressing the system

Simply put, This pressure test is a check of the heating system for leaks. It is done before the start of the heating season so that it does not end badly for you. This procedure cannot be ignored, as over time, leaks can form in the system, especially at the pipe joints. Moreover, if you had an emergency, the crimping should be done even in the midst of the heating season. The fact is that when installing a boiler, radiators or pipes, it is difficult to fully check the tightness of the connections. Therefore, crimping the system will help determine whether there will be leaks.

Pressure testing of the system takes place in several stages:

  1. The heating system is filled with water. At this stage there are two important nuances. First, in a private house, where there is one or two floors, it is not necessary to raise the pressure. Secondly, if the work is carried out in the apartment of a multi-storey building, with the help of a press, the pressure must be raised to normal values.
  2. Now it is necessary to increase the pressure to a state close to critical, with the help of a special opressovochno pump or an ordinary pump responsible for the circulation of fluid. The system remains under pressure for about half an hour. During this time, a pressure gauge can show if the pressure has dropped. If the arrow has deflected, the pressure has dropped. In this case, somewhere in the pipeline system there is a leak of water.
  3. After the leak is found, all water must be drained. The next step is to make the leakage leaktight. After that, the system is refilled with water, and the process is repeated until the pressure is stable for 30 minutes.

Pressure testing is an important part of preparing for the heating season. By neglecting them, you can harm both yourself and your family members.

Washing and pressure testing of the heating system Experts know their stuff

Washing and pressure testing are quite complex technological processes that are recommended to be trusted only to professionals .They have special equipment and experience that will help to do all the work quickly and efficiently. But if you decide to do everything yourself, well study all the details and prepare for the work. Thanks to this, you can save money on heating and protect yourself and others from emergency situations.


Watch a video about pipeline cleaning technology without dismantling the system elements:


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