In the fresh air not only the appetite is stronger, but the food is absorbed much better. In warm weather, do not want to sit in the room. Conservation for the winter is also easier to do outside. In the article we will tell you how to build a summer kitchen in the country with your own hands, we will show diagrams, drawings, photos and video instructions.
All types of summer kitchens can be attributed to two Categories:
Open with a barbecue
The closed kitchens resemble a small building that looks like a house, which often does not have special insulation. The advantage of this solution will be protection from insects, the best protection from the weather, as well as from the wind. A variant of an open kitchen can be protected from one or several sides with a fabric, wooden or other wall. The advantage of this solution will be greater unity with nature. Among the open types of buildings there are options:
From foam blocks
After you chose one of the possible options, it's time to create a small project.
Summer kitchen is usually thought of as lightweight construction. This means that the foundation can immediately protrude, and the floor, and perhaps pouring is not required at all.
Paving slab area
If the structure consists of a shed, then after these The steps can be done as follows:
Laying technology for paving slabs
This type of foundation will be relevant in case when the ground is dense enough. In cases where groundwater may be very close to the surface or displacements of the upper layer are noticed, it is necessary to provide a more solid base. Also, if you plan to finish building a stove or a barbecue on such a foundation, then for them you will need to lay separate concrete supports.
In order to make a foundation slab, we will need to take the first three steps from the previous instruction. Next, take the following:
Making the base slab
It is very important that the floor is higher surface of the earth. Thanks to it, rain water will not flow. It is also good to make a small slope of the floor, so that the precipitations brought by the wind can flow freely into the drainage or simply through the door.
In the case when it is planned to build a closed kitchen of brick or foam block , this variant of the foundation may be enough. Also for these needs it is possible to build a strip shallow or columnar foundation. In this case, such a large-scale excavation is not performed.
All communications should be supplied in parallel with the laying of the foundation so that you don’t have to hammer holes in it or dig under it. To prevent the pipes from being clogged with solution, they must be closed in advance with a cloth and polyethylene oilcloth.
Masonry open summer kitchen
This option You can build the fastest We have already laid the foundation and mount for the supports. If you are planning to close the kitchen from one or both sides with brick walls or other material, then the first step is to start building these partitions.
Sample project of a summer kitchen from a bar
If you do not plan the presence of walls of this nature then the process will be much easier.
In the case when it is planned to build a pergola, after laying the ceiling beams, nothing more needs to be done. They can be covered with stain or varnish. Then the plants themselves will do their work, creating a shadow, when fully grow.
The closed frame summer kitchen
At the stage the design may have been decided to erect the walls of the foam block or brick, then it can be done according to the principle with the installation of vertical landmarks, as described above. The thickness of the walls may not be too big. In some cases laying in a half brick is allowed. But always consider the weight of the future roof. In the future, outside the building can be sheathed siding or block house. A block house, lining or other material that will be resistant to frost is also suitable for interior decoration, because in winter it is unlikely that someone will heat the room on purpose in the winter.
A timber is laid on the walls, which will act as a mauerlat. Its size can be 10 * 15 cm. It is fixed with the help of anchor bolts or studs, which must be immured in the course of the construction of walls. Under it, it is necessary to lay waterproofing in the form of roofing material or bikrost. A truss system is installed on the logs. It can be both for a gable and for a single-pitch roof (for this option it will be enough to make one wall higher than the other, then beams are simply installed between them). The crate is mounted on the beams and the roof covering is laid. The ceiling is hemmed from the inside.
An example of a closed kitchen
You can go easier and stay on the frame version. For him we will need bars of the same size as for the vertical bars from the instruction on the open kitchen. Of these, we make the foundation. We lay them around the perimeter of our foundation on two layers of roofing material or bikrost, which will serve as waterproofing. We make a ligation between them. To do this, at the edge of each log there is a depression half the depth and width equal to the width of the log. Check the diagonals. Fix them together with screws and internal metal corners. Next we fasten to the prepared plates or anchors to the foundation.
Mount corner posts from the same beam. With a step of 60 cm, we install additional vertical supports from a board of 10 * 5 cm in size. For greater rigidity, fasten the braces for each main support. We perform the top trim and install a truss system for the future roof. We do this by analogy with the option of an open kitchen.
Make sure you have a sink and lockers
Even if Our kitchen is planned to have a barbecue or stove, this does not exclude the presence of a gas or electric stove, which is much more convenient to use. It is necessary to take care of the installation of the sink, mixer, as well as coasters for the dishes on which it will dry. Well, if there is a locker in which it will be possible to hide cutlery, as well as pots. You need to take care of the dining table, as well as comfortable furniture, where you can relax. For more comfort it is better to hold the main and decorative lights.
For an open kitchen project, it is best to ensure that all the lighting fixtures are preferably IP68 protected. In this case, you do not have to worry about any elements being damaged by rainwater.
Do not fit in with the summer kitchen project every day. Let it in a sense be a design decision. After all, it will serve not only as a place for eating, but also as a recreation area with family and friends.
Summer kitchen on the terrace
The closed kitchen with panoramic windows
With outdoor fireplace
With a bar counter
Spacious functional kitchen
Open octahedral construction
A miniature version of
Under a pergola canopy
Summer kitchen without a roof
If you decided to make a summer kitchen at the cottage independently, then perhaps you will need the drawings and diagrams of this structure:
Drawing of a small summer kitchen
Kitchen drawing with a barbecue
Drawing of a rectangular kitchen
Summer kitchen Albatross
Model of the summer kitchen
Bath project with summer kitchen
Framework of the frame structure
Summer kitchen layout with garage
Scheme with terrace
Terrace and barbecue