If you are an adherent of environmentally friendly materials that do not affect your health and are safe enough, then choosing a cork as a finishing material would be an ideal option for you. Particular attention is paid to the repair exactly the walls and finishing materials for them. Usually most of these materials do not meet environmental requirements, which is not the case with traffic jams. Such a finishing material is not only safe for health, but also looks very beautiful. The use of cork wallpaper in the interior has become a new fashionable trend.
This finishing material has gained its popularity due to the fact that it is made from natural ingredients. Naturally, the cost is slightly higher than the price of ordinary wallpaper, and the technology of pasting walls is slightly different. But the result will be uncommon. Let's look at how to glue the cork on the walls with your own hands correctly.
Cork wallpaper is a pleasure not cheap. However, the cost is justified by environmental friendliness, high performance, long service life and excellent decorative effect. You can find products and cheaper, it all depends on the fame of the company that produces the material, the type of coating and the basis used.
If we talk about the types of cork material, there are several of them. These are:
Wallpapers without a framework are much more expensive, but have absolute environmental friendliness. In the manufacture of such wallpaper glue as a binder material is not used. But how do particles interconnect? When the cork is heated, the resinous substances that are in it melt, connecting the particles of crumbs together. Products of this type are rather dense, but at the same time have low fracture strength. Therefore, you need to work with such wallpaper very carefully.
Production of wallpaper from cork
Wallpaper with paper backing is much more accessible. This is a cheaper and more common option. Their production consists in gluing cork veneer on a paper base. It is much easier to glue such wallpapers on the wall, because they are not so easy to spoil. You can do this kind of work yourself.
The technology of gluing wallpaper from a cork on a paper base is not much different from the process of gluing ordinary wallpaper.
Such wallpapers basically perform only a decorative function. Due to the small thickness of the product, they do not have heat-insulating and sound-proofing properties. Their advantages are that they are cheaper, have a small weight, some are already covered with wax or varnish, in addition, they can be glued not only on the walls, but also on the ceiling.
Some types of paper-based cork wallpapers do not need glue to be applied to them before gluing. The fact is that for sticking you just need to remove the protective film and stick the wallpaper on the wall.
You can buy material in a specialty store. Wallpapers are:
Material in rolls is sold in reels that are 30 wide, 60 or 100 cm, length is 10 m. The thickness of such wallpaper is 3 mm. If we talk about products from a tile, they usually have a standard size - 30 * 30 cm or 60 * 60 cm. Knowing these parameters, you can easily calculate how much material you need to paste over the walls.
Please note that tile materials can be single-layer and two-layer. The latter type is characterized by the fact that its lower layer is most often colored, and the upper layer consists of pressed cork granules. Due to this, the top layer seems to be highlighted and has a certain shade, which gives the material originality.
It should be noted that everyone can choose the material to his own taste, since the products have different texture, pattern and color. Decorative cork is able to give your home a unique look.
But why is wall cork considered an expensive treat? Due to its performance. What are they?
Looks attractive in the interior
As you can see, use a cork to finish your home is very profitable.So, having learned all about traffic jam, you can proceed directly to the work on pasting the room.
First you need to decide what type of cork to buy: without base or with base, tile or roll type. It would be reasonable to calculate all the waste and see which of the options, how much money is required. In addition, it is important to determine how many rolls or plates will be needed so that a lot of unnecessary pieces are left. If you are going to finish all the walls in the room, then you need to know the perimeter with the doors and windows, as well as the length and width of the roll or tile.
To find out the perimeter, use a formula familiar from school:
P = 2 (a + b)
where "P" is the perimeter of the room and "a" and "b" is the length and width of the room.
For example, your room has a size of 6 * 4. Apply the formula:
P = 2 (6 + 4)
So, the perimeter of your room is 20 m. Now you need to divide the perimeter of the room by the width of the wallpaper strip to find out the number of solid stripes. If your chosen roll of cork wallpaper is 1 m wide, you will need 20 whole strips.
Next you need to know how many pieces will come out of one 10 m roll. To do this, you must divide the length of the roll by the height of the ceiling. For example, the height of your ceiling is 2.5 m, then you can cut 4 pieces of wallpaper from one roll.
Now, to determine how many rolls to buy for your room with a size of 6 * 4 m, you need to divide the number of full panels by the number of solid pieces from one roll. It turns out: 20 (whole cloths) should be divided into 4 (whole pieces). Even without a calculator, it becomes clear that you need to buy 5 rolls of 10 m cork, 1 m wide. In the same way, calculate the amount of material for other rooms, if necessary.
It is not necessary to buy material butt, it is better to take an additional 1 roll. There is no guarantee that the new wallpaper will not be spoiled by pets, children or you accidentally repair. By purchasing an additional roll, you can eliminate the "accident".
Types of cork wallpaper
In the case when you want to use a tiled cork, the order The calculations are even simpler:
For example, your wall has a height of 2.5 m and a width of 5 m. To find out the area of this wall, you need to multiply the width by the height. It turns out that the area of this wall is 12.5 m 2 . When your purchased tile has a size of 60 * 60 cm, its area is 0.36 m 2 . So, 12.5 m 2 should be divided by 0.36 m 2 . Thanks to the calculator, you can find out that for one wall 2.5 m high and 5 m wide, 35 cork slabs 60 * 60 cm are needed. The same should be done to find out the number of slabs on the other walls.
Having calculated how much material you need for your work, you can go to the store and purchase it. There you need to buy not only cork, but also the glue that you need to work if the wallpaper is not self-adhesive. But what kind of glue should you use?
The material must acclimatize
It is important to buy wallpaper in advance and put them in the future room. Before you begin to glue the walls, the wallpaper should be in the room for 2 days in order to “acclimate”, to gain moisture and to acquire the temperature of the room. If you do not do this and stick the wallpaper immediately after purchase, the cork on the wall can become deformed, the joints will disperse and in the worst case everything will fall off.
Glue Moment for cork
Before how to buy glue, you need to know its indicators:
Ordinary PVA glue is not suitable for gluing cork wallpaper, as it will not sustain their weight. Yes, and liquid nails for this work can not be used. Let's just say that not even every glue has only positive characteristics, but you still have to buy some. Therefore, you need to choose from the best. You can glue the cork cover with the following compositions:
Wakol for cork
If these options do not suit you, you can consult with specialists in the hardware store, who can also tell you which glue will work best. Having defined, you can proceed to the preparatory work.
When you have acquired everything you need to work, it remains to stock up on the tools that you need in the process. Among them:
Tools for sticking cork
If we talk about the technology of finishing the surface of wallpaper with cork, it consists of the following stages:
Having prepared all the tools and materials, you can proceed to the preparatory work, which begins with the removal of old lining material, if any. Wall-paper, a tile or decorative plaster - all this needs to be cleaned to the basis. When cracks and chips have formed on the walls, they need to be repaired. Do the same with paint or putty that has lagged behind the surface.
Removing the old finish
After cleaning the walls of dust and dirt, they must be leveled using an additional applied layer of plaster. You can then perform surface treatment by applying a deep penetration primer on it. Wait until the primer is completely dry.
Preparing walls for sticking wallpaper
The cork is not compatible with gypsum, therefore we do not recommend putty or paint over the walls with ties or primers, in which it is present.
A few hours before sticking the product, you need to cut the wallpaper and spread them out on a flat surface so that they align slightly. Remember that wallpaper from cork can not be glued deformed. In the meantime, the canvas is aligned, you can mark the wall and prepare the glue. Like regular wallpaper, cork wallpaper starts to glue from the window. Therefore, the markup also needs to be done from the window. Since from the first line all the rest will be drawn, it is important to make it perfectly smooth. With the horizontal arrangement of the strips of the product, you need to draw lines using the building level. When the glueing will be traditional, with a vertical arrangement, use a plumb. Carefully check if you have drawn everything correctly.
Cutting cork wallpaper
Once the entire surface has been laid out, you can make an adhesive. Since the glue, depending on the manufacturer, is mixed in different ways, follow the instructions that should be indicated on the packaging. Basically the composition should be thick. That is why applying it with a brush does not work, you need a spatula or comb. At this preparatory work is completed, you can proceed to wallpapering.
glue is applied to the prepared material. The moment came when you can go directly to work. The technology is simple, and you need to carry out the work from the window opening. Please note that it will be very difficult to do this work yourself, even regular wallpaper is difficult to glue, so use the help of a spouse, another relative or friend to glue the wallpaper together: one of you needs to hold the cut canvas near the ceiling and the other to align it.
The quality of work performance may depend on many factors. The main one is the correct application of glue. For reliability, it can be applied not only on the canvas, but also on the wall.However, not all adhesive formulations are recommended to be applied in two layers. Therefore it is better to look at the information contained on the package in the instructions for the glue, as well as to the cork coating.
After you have applied the adhesive to the surface, you need to wait 20 minutes for it to absorb. This contributes to a stronger grip. It is important that the layer of glue is not very thin, as over time, such wallpaper may fall off. For reliable fixation, the canvas with the applied glue must be firmly pressed to the wall. It is convenient to use a roller.
Gluing the cork
Now pay attention to some requirements that need to be adhered to in order to properly glue the cork Wallpaper:
So, the first canvas should be pasted, focusing on the markup. Let your assistant hold him, and you gradually glue the strip to the wall. Once everything is done, apply glue to the next canvas, and while it is standing, roll over the pasted piece with a roller. Glue all subsequent strips back to back with a cloth, removing any glue residues that may be exposed when working with the roller. Trim any excess pieces. After the room is fully prepared, leave it for 3-4 days so that the finishing material is completely dry. Then these wallpapers are optionally opened with a "breathable" varnish. This will help extend the life of the coating and protect it from damage.
The same must be done with all the rooms in the dwelling if you want to cork them. Now you know how to glue the cork wallpaper roll. But that's not all!
One of such materials can be called self-adhesive wallpaper from cork. They are sold in standard rolls with a length of 3 m and a width of 48 cm. How should they be glued?
First you need to prepare the surface: it should be dry, clean and smooth. Just as in the first case, it is desirable to perform markup in order to navigate along it. After that, you need to measure the wall and cut the sheets from the roll. Then take the piece of wallpaper to be pasted and separate the protective 3-centimeter layer across its width. Now, together with your partner, attach the open part of the material to the wall, gluing it. Please note that this should be done very carefully and carefully so that everything works out the first time. As soon as the web is firmly fixed, remove the protective film for another length of material and glue this area, and so on.
To remove air bubbles after sticking, which will form under the wallpaper, use a rag, drawing the bubble to the edges of the strip by smoothing. When you fail to do this, and the air does not completely go out, use a small needle to pierce the bubble. Then smooth the material again with a rag.
Keep an eye on the sharpness of the blade
Cork wallpapers can be easily glued both horizontally and vertically. But what if you chose not a tiled wallpaper, but a cork tiled coating? There is nothing complicated here either. The glue is applied identically, just like on the wallpaper, except that they need to be laid on the wall according to the same principle as tile is laid. And this can be done in several ways: diamonds, scramble, exactly or diagonally. The choice is yours. Just remember that you need to decide at the preparatory stage, and not just before sticking.
Another important nuance is the cutting of wallpaper. For those who are beginning to glue wallpaper - this is a major headache. To simplify your task, remember: the main tool for such work should be a construction knife with interchangeable blades. As already mentioned, the cork is a very brittle material, so a very sharp knife is needed to work on cutting it. Thanks to this, you can minimize material breaks. As soon as you feel that the blade is blunt, break it off and continue working further. When it is necessary to make any cuts, for example, for sockets or switches, we recommend using one template. If you need a cutout for an outlet, use the underside of.
Wallpapers that are covered with wax on the front side look very nice, but they can be spoiled by fingerprints, since everything is very visible on them. What to do if you still get them dirty? For this you will need a construction dryer. You need to heat up a little place that you "marked", and the wax softens under the influence of heat.Then all traces will heal. However, if the cork is dirty with dirty or dusty hands, it can no longer be repaired, it can only be replaced. Therefore, when working, use gloves or wash your hands often to avoid various kinds of dirt.
Care of the coating
This coating can even be washed with special detergents. To prevent your work from being wasted, the cork did not lose its original appearance, and you did not have to change the entire coating, do the following:
If usual cleanser doesn’t take hard stained stains, use abrasive fine-grained skin to remove them. After such a stripping, the treated area must be coated with wax or varnish.
If you follow these simple rules, the life of the finishing material will last many times. Yes, and the overall appearance will always please not only your eye, but all those who will be in your house.
Now you know everything you need to work with cork. You should not be frightened by the complexity of the entire work, as the result is worth it. The interior, made in this style, looks just great.
We hope that this article has helped you to stick the cork wallpaper. If you have any questions, or you have already encountered some difficulties at work, write to us in the comments. We will be happy to help you cope with them!
If you decide to glue wallpapers in the form of tiles, we recommend watching the following video:
Cork tiles on the walls
Cork wallpaper in the living room interior
in the desktop area
Cork in the dining area
Decorative wall decoration with using a cork
Cork in a monochrome interior
Light cork wallpapers
Cork on the balcony