Repair is a complicated and sometimes lengthy process. Its success depends not only on the skill of the workers, but also on the quality of the materials and their correct choice. Manufacturers of paints and varnishes offer hundreds of varnishes of paintwork materials, only a true professional can not get lost among them.
But with a closer look, you can see that the entire range of colors can be easily and conveniently classified, sorted, and then selected from the category that is best suited for a particular case.
When purchasing materials for interior repairs, you should choose paints, putty and primer only from the series “For interior works ". Such a limitation is caused by the fact that moderately toxic antiseptics, plasticizers or hardeners can be added to facade paints or other means for surface treatment in the open air, which in a closed room can cause irritation and allergies. Even if these compounds are marked with signs of environmental safety, it is better to use them for their intended purpose - that is, outside.
For interior work, various types of paint for walls and ceilings based on safer components are created. A number of LKM has a universal purpose, they can be safely used both in internal and external repairs, for example, oil paints or water-soluble lazur. Versatility also has a mark on the package.
All the most popular interior paints can be divided into two main types - water-based and other types of solvents. If you ask any professional builder what paint to choose for the walls in the apartment, then in 99% of cases the answer will be the same - water-based.
Water-soluble paints are very convenient to use:
In most cases, interior water-soluble paints are produced in the form of dispersions and emulsions. The film-forming substance and pigments do not dissolve in water, but are suspended, evenly distributed throughout the volume. The difference between water-dispersion and water-based paints is very subtle and understandable only to specialists.
At the consumer level, you need to know one thing - after the water evaporates, the particles of the film-forming substance merge into an integral coating and form a durable, hardly washable or non-responsive film, very thin, but durable and mechanically strong. If pigments and dyes are added to the paint, they are bound by the base molecules and paint the coating to the full depth.
Interior paints based on acrylic resins and acrylic copolymers (methyl and butyl acrylate polymers) are among their most versatile. If the question is, what kind of paint is better to paint the walls in the apartment so that the coating serves as long as possible, the answer will be unequivocal - acrylic. They have hydrophobicity, dirt-repellent properties, they are excellent in washing. Many of the paints based on acrylic materials are suitable for use in rooms with constantly high humidity.
The best acrylic paints for home repairs are made by Tikkurila, Dulux, Deutek, Eskaro, KOLORIT. In most cases, they are sold in the form of a white base, which is tinted by machine with a computer selection of colors. In order to match the desired tone of the finished composition, it is necessary to buy pigments and color-paste from the same manufacturer as the paint, thus eliminating the threat of incompatibility of the components.
Acrylic paints after drying slightly change the color of the surface, so before decorating the main square it is necessary to paint a small fragment of the wall and wait for it to dry. If you do not want to spend time on this, then use the services of a color-studios - they will show the real color on the wall with different lighting options.
Very durable, water-resistant formulations designed for rooms with difficult operating conditions, but can also be used in ordinary rooms. They are made on the basis of acrylic copolymers with the addition of natural or synthetic rubbers. Buy latex paints can be in varying degrees of gloss. As well as acrylic, they are perfectly tinted and keep color for a long time. Possess excellent adhesion to concrete, brick, drywall, wallpaper, putty. They are more expensive than acrylic, so they are usually used in places where a durable waterproof coating is really needed.
Before choosing paint for walls in an apartment, you need to get acquainted with another type of popular compositions - interior paints based on silicone (silicon ) resin.They have high strength, water resistance, fire-fighting properties, perfectly pass steam and do not interfere with gas exchange of the wall material with the atmosphere. But quite expensive. In its pure form, silicone formulations are difficult to find on the market; acrylic compounds with a certain amount of silicone components are often sold.
Preferably, silicone paints are used to decorate particular sections of the wall or architectural elements. The technology of their application may differ in some specificity, therefore, before use, it is necessary to study the instructions. Different manufacturers are developing their technology application of the composition, which is necessary to adhere to.
Each of the rooms in the house is different operating conditions and, accordingly, the requirements for finishing materials. In different rooms, different types of wall paints are used, most appropriate to the specifics of its purpose.
Opaque acrylic-based paints are perfect for soothing interiors of living rooms and bedrooms. They must have high vapor permeability so that excess moisture is absorbed by the wall. Latex and silicone are irrelevant here - there is no need for a solid surface and unnecessary financial costs can be avoided.
In this room, washable acrylic paint of high strength is optimal. The activity of the child at any age will inevitably lead to accidental or deliberate damage to the walls, which will be much easier to eliminate if the paint layer is durable and is not afraid of water.
For children, hypoallernity and environmental safety of paints are also important - children can taste the walls, often touch them with their hands. It is necessary to choose the structures noted by signs of ecological safety or specially intended for the nursery.
Here you need waterproof, chemically inert, washable and with a high degree of vapor permeability of paint. Latex is best suited to these characteristics; silicone can be used for wall panels.
In hallways and corridors, you must use coatings that form a mechanically strong, dirt-repellent layer. Latex compounds are best suited for this purpose.
When choosing, you can also focus on the price category. Too cheap to buy can not be in any case - here by all means the rule about the stingy, which always pays twice. Optimally - to buy paint the average price. There is no inflated component for the brand, and the quality is quite acceptable.