A greenhouse in a country house can be made of various materials. The choice will depend on the personal preferences of the landlord and the amount of free cash. With the help of the tree, you can make a similar design quickly and without large financial costs.
Wooden beam is a reliable material that can be purchased at almost any large building supermarket. The durability of the bars is slightly different from the metal, but if they are treated with a special impregnation, it will be possible to extend the possible period of their service. Wooden greenhouses can last about 5-7 years, and in some cases even longer. Everything will depend on the climate of the area where the structure is installed.
It is not necessary to purchase expensive wood for the construction of the greenhouse, as it will not last much longer. It is recommended to choose industrial varieties of wood. In the selection process, you should pay attention to the quality of the material, technical parameters and the number of defects. For the manufacture of greenhouses it is best to use a bar without knots, which is thoroughly dried.
The base under the greenhouse must be reliable and stable. It is best to make a strip or brick foundation. Such structures have all the properties that are needed for the greenhouse. In addition, such foundations will not cost too much.
It is preferable to stop the choice on the tape basis. You will need to perform the following steps:
The foundation formwork scheme for a wooden greenhouse made of window frames.
The width and shape of the structure will depend on the size of the greenhouse and the load of the frame, so accurate calculations will not work.
It is much easier to work with wood than with other materials. Therefore, with the installation of the frame will not have any problems. First of all, you need to fix on the basis of the beam, which will be slightly wider than the rails used for the construction of the frame.
In order to fix the base of the frame, you can use a corner made of metal, which must be installed in advance in the foundation. In this case, you can apply reinforcement, bolts or anchors. Before the mounting carrier rail, it will need to be treated with protective agents - antiseptics, drying oil and paint. This is done in order to ensure a long service period for the foundation of the greenhouse structure.
The scheme of the monolithic foundation with drainage for the greenhouse with his own hands.
When the carrier rail is ready for installation, you should take final measurements and get to work. To fix the basis of the greenhouse construction and make the rest of the work, you need to use the following elements:
The basis of the construction is attached around the perimeter of the foundation. It is necessary to check that the base is solid, and its sides are interconnected. The simplicity of the process of installation of the frame of the greenhouse structure and its stability will depend on these values.
Next, a framework is established. It is quite simple to install it, since the base has already been mounted on the foundation and firmly fixed. It will be necessary only to make measurements and to execute installation, using schemes. The scheme itself can be seen in fig. 1.
All other elements of the wooden greenhouse, frame and vents, the ceiling logs are fixed with screws, clamps, corners and profiles made of metal.
Before you start building a greenhouse, you should purchase all the necessary elements.
Figure 1. Scheme for a wooden frame.
The dimensions of the construction to be made are 6x4 m. The product is coated with polycarbonate. To manufacture such a greenhouse, you will need to perform the following steps:
The structure to be erected has the following dimensions: width - 4 m, length - 8.4 m, height in the ridge - 3, 1 m. The structure will have several slopes of different heights and vents, which are located under the ridge.
Figure 2. Scheme of the greenhouse frame on the wooden base frame.
For the construction of the structure, you will need to use boards of 0.5 x 1 m. The construction process is as follows:
To manufacture such a greenhouse structure, you need to purchase approximately 2000 boards of 0.5 x 1 m. To build doors and windows, you will need to purchase even smaller bars - 30x50 cm and 50x70 cm.
In this case, the frame will be made of wooden bars 45x45 cm. The length of the greenhouse is 8 m, width - about 2.8 m. It can be provided for the installation of two doors and a few windows.
Between racks there should be a distance of no more than 1 m.
Mittlider's greenhouse construction technology.
Each truss must be supported on several racks. The exception is the central rack.
The sequence of actions will be as follows:
The layout of the metal frame for the polycarbonate greenhouse.
In this case, the greenhouse will be covered with a light film. The procedure will be as follows:
The scheme of fixing the film to PVC greenhouse.
The design can be disassembled and transferred due to its low weight. If the greenhouse will need to be transferred from one place to another, you can build a similar structure. The basis of it will consist of several 15x15 cm bars. It can be made as follows:
Fastening scheme of a film wooden greenhouse: a is a rack mounting scheme, b is a lifting device diagram film.
When the greenhouse structure is ready, you will need to decide on the material to cover it. Durable frame can withstand any weight, because you can choose both glass and film or other materials. The choice should be made on the basis of practicality and quality of the material. The following materials can be used:
After the greenhouse housing has been covered with the selected material, the structure will need to be made airtight, the heating and lighting devices installed in it, the water for irrigation, and the ventilation system must be installed.
Today, there are quite a lot of different schemes of greenhouse wood. You need to choose based on personal preferences. Making a greenhouse with your own hands is easy if you take into account all the existing nuances, follow the sequence of actions and have the necessary tools and materials for work.
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