Every tenant of an apartment building is often faced with a problem - the lack of square meters. Where to find them, it would seem, and so in a small apartment. The answer you can get if you look at your balcony. In most cases, the balcony is the weakest point, a source of cold and damp, which penetrates into the apartment. If this is familiar to you, and you want to change the existing state of affairs, but do not know how to solve the problem, then this article will help you!
Before and after repairs
In every job, success is directly dependent on planning. It is important to understand the following:
Already at this stage, many make one common mistake, especially those with little time. Quickly install windows, cover up the gap, put the radiator and all. Done! However, as a result, the cold continues to flow into the apartment from the balcony, but it is not comfortable in it. Therefore, it is important to start with warming.
Types of balcony glazing
You should start weatherizing the balcony with glazing. There are three options for how this can be done:
As for the cold glazing, in this case, just an aluminum frame with a single glass is used. So it is called, because such glazing does not give any heat. In winter, the temperature on the balcony will vary from 5 ° C to 8 ° C.
Frameless glazing is one type of cold. Its difference lies in the complete absence of partitions and frames. The glass used in this construction is tempered, which is mounted on rollers in an aluminum profile. In the joints of glass rubber seal is laid, which will protect against moisture penetration. If desired, the glass can be tinted.
Warm glazing can be said to be the most popular and widespread. That it will allow you to keep your apartment warm. In this case, sealed double-glazed windows, a profile with thermal inserts and an air chamber are used. Such glazing will increase noise insulation and sound insulation, it will be especially useful if you live near a busy highway or in the city center. Which type of glazing to choose will largely depend on what results you want to achieve.
If you have started a major overhaul of the balcony, then to create a warm floor you need to dismantle the old coating down to the base. This will allow you to completely cover the new floor. Among a wide variety of building materials, there are many heaters that can be used for floor insulation. For example, the choice can be given in favor of polystyrene foam. These plates are thick and light. Styrofoam (or as they say foam) is able to withstand high loads and not pass heat.
It is necessary to lay these plates on a flat surface. If necessary, you can make a thin tie. Plates are glued with a special adhesive, additionally fixed with dowels. After that, each joint must be filled, for example, with foam or cement mortar. Then you can prepare the finishing floor. For example, use a self-leveling compound. At the same time fix the metal grid. Some to achieve a better result of laying electric floor heating. Afterwards you will decide which material to use. This may be ceramic tile, laminate, parquet, etc.
As a more economical option, you can make a wooden lattice, and fill the voids filled with fiberglass or foam. 10mm plywood is stuffed on top. After fit the linoleum or moisture resistant laminate.
Unfortunately for many, many tenants have been struggling with dampness on the balcony. And this is natural, because the damp creates not the best microclimate. However, even after weatherization of walls, dampness can in some cases show through. The reason for this may be improper warming, resulting in the formation of condensate. In order to prevent the formation of condensate, you need to make an excellent vapor barrier. For this you can use mineral wool. This material has a high vapor permeability. In this case, the “dry” construction method is used.
Polystyrene can be used as a heater, it is a fairly light material. Sheets of foam should be secured with a special dowel, then fill each seam with foam. When installing them, make sure that the dock is tight. For finishing the ceiling, you can choose the most diverse building material. This may be drywall, wall paneling or plastic panels. If you have completed the wall insulation, most likely you will be able to defeat your enemy - dampness.
Comfort on the balcony
The interior decoration is largely will depend on its intended purpose. Today it has become fashionable to increase the area of the apartment at the expense of the balcony. In this case, its decoration should ideally fit into the overall interior of the apartment. However, most often it is sheathed clapboard, PVC or MDF panels and gypsum boards. There are no special rules in this matter. Each comes from their personal ideas about the end result. Fortunately, a variety of finishing materials allows this. Most importantly, all your actions in this direction should create a warm, safe and aesthetic corner in your apartment.
This can be said about the exterior trim. In this case, you have to build on the architectural solution. For this reason, the decoration of the balcony should be carried out in full compliance with the requirements and regulations in your area. That is, in each case, the facade will be different, depending on the overall facade of a multi-storey building.
In Provencal style
Loggia with lounge chairs
Cabinet on the balcony
Finishing the balcony with a stone
Exterior decoration of the balcony