Which of us does not like to relax in nature, enjoying the fresh air, scenic views, pleasant communication with family and friends? For a comfortable and relaxing holiday in the country can not do without a gazebo. It is not so difficult to perform independently, having free time and necessary material.
Sketch of the arrangement of the site
Where to place is a personal choice, but it’s best to have a shade of trees rather than the scorching sun, and, if possible, near the reservoir. Such a building will be a practical and original solution for the garden plot. This article will discuss how and from what materials such an arbor can be made.
Hexagonal arbor from inside
The hexagonal arbor, in comparison with the usual, has its advantages:
A set of tools
For the following tools will be needed:
In order to to make a six-sided arbor, you need to decide on the choice of material. In this case, suitable spruce or pine, because of its properties, this material is quite durable and relatively inexpensive.
Concrete block 40 * 20 * 20 for the foundation
Also in as a basement under the gazebo, you can use concrete blocks.
Installation of rafters
Fencing and finishing of the gazebo
You can equip the path for convenience and make a small porch, fill the internal volume with floor and wall vases with fresh flowers, and arrange with evergreen climbing plants on the outside of the wall.
You can build a wooden arbor with the skills of carpentry, and in metal manufacturing you will need knowledge of plumbing and special tools. In this case, of course, can not do without welding. Therefore, it is necessary to skillfully use the welding machine.
The advantage of a metal structure is that metal structures are more durable than wood, especially in the underground part of the building.
Since not every garden owner can afford to buy a ready-made metal or forged gazebo, it’s worth making the production yourself.
First you need to decide where the metal building will be located. It is better to install it near the pool or pond and where there are beautiful views of the garden area. Considering that the look of such an arbor is more pompous, it will look good in a park or garden.
The metal frame is sheathed with materials that will protect it from wind and rain and make it possible to install the brazier inside.
Relatively simple construction of a metal arbor
Compared to wooden, metal structures are distinguished by durability, but without proper anti-corrosion treatment they begin to rust. These gazebos are not subject to rotting and fire, but are installed on any foundation or without it at all. Installation of metal structures is relatively simple, and a rigid frame prevents the change of geometric shapes when the ground subsides.
Folding metal arbor
Metal arbors are temporary and capital. Temporary arrange for the summer, and cleaned for the winter. The foundation for such structures is not needed. Sometimes hollow pipes are driven into the ground as a foundation, which will serve as the basis for the framework. In winter, the top of the pipes should be closed from falling into the sediments and debris.
Capital arbors require a solid foundation, which is arranged before construction. The base may be wooden flooring or concrete pavement. It is necessary to impregnate the elements of the base of the tree with an antiseptic, and metal parts to be primed to avoid corrosion.
During the work, the following tools and materials are required:
For the installation of metal gazebos need a competent and responsible approach. First you need to make a drawing with an indication of the size and calculate the required number of pipes for the frame and supports, the amount of roofing material. Buying building materials you need with a drawing to get everything you need and properly dispose of the funds.
Drilling holes for the gazebos
At the beginning on the ground where there will be a gazebo, markings are made in the corners. Then you need to dig holes and install pipes in them to connect with the legs of the metal frame. To the part of the pipe that will be concreted, pieces of reinforcement are welded in advance.With the help of a plumb or construction level, the pipe installation is checked vertically, then they are fixed and concreted. Between the pipes make a wooden or concrete floor.
After the pipes are concreted, the main structural supports of the structure are inserted into them and welded to them. Then racks on top are connected with the help of horizontal pipes. So the main frame will be made. Then you should install additional crossbeams or pillars, the number of which depends on the size of the arbor.
Assembling the metal frame
The metal team gazebo can be assembled by welding or bolted with nuts. The choice depends on the ability of the owner of the garden area to work with the welding machine, as well as on the financial possibilities to pay for the services of a professional welder. After the frame is assembled, you can begin the installation of the roof of the chosen material.
You can assemble the frame with a bolted connection, but the appearance will not be very attractive, and the construction will be less durable. This type of connection is most often used for collapsible structures.
Arbor with a brazier from a brick
Many people prefer to build of brick, embodying a variety of design solutions for the construction.
Brick arbors are very popular today. They may differ in design and style. If this is necessary, provide glazing and heating.
The main advantage of brick buildings is that they are durable, and their maintenance and maintenance is simple.
Capital bower from the brick
Three types of buildings are most common : open, half-open and closed.
The pergola is constructed of decorative brick
So as the presence of a gazebo on the garden plot is permanent, therefore it requires a reliable and strong foundation. This makes the structure stable and will increase its resistance to wind loads.
Before construction begins, it is important to make a choice as to what the structure will be. Walls are erected with a thickness of half a brick — this is the most popular option. If the wall is built on a section with a slope, then the foundation under the wall is stepped.
Basically, the arbor is erected from decorative bricks, which today are produced by many species, which eliminates the need for further wall decoration.
Construction of open and half-open structures will require less financial expenditures and time. The construction of enclosed structures can be costly, since this is not an easy task, and you will need to pay for the labor of employees. In order to save money, it is better to build structures of this type yourself. But in order to take into account all the nuances and not to make mistakes, you should follow a number of important rules:
For the construction of a brick arbor the following tools are needed:
You can do without a concrete mixer, but then you will have to do the mixing of the solution manually.
A of construction materials will need:
First of all Foundation, which can be tape or monolithic. First you need to dig a trench with a depth of at least 0.5 m. A layer of sand 10 cm thick is poured on the bottom of the trench and rammed. A layer of waterproofing is laid on top, as which we will use polyethylene film. Then a prepared framework of reinforcement is laid on a small elevation from the bottom, and concrete is poured from above. In order for the contours of the foundation to be even, it is necessary to pre-form the formwork well beforehand.
During the construction of open arbors, both a strip and columnar foundation are possible. The second is made of brick or butobeton.
When filling the foundation, you need to take into account the number of corners of the hexagon. For the open version with only the lower part lined with brick, metal pipes should be installed in the corners of the pit to support the roof of the building. Pipes need to be inserted before pouring concrete and construction level to check the verticality of their installation. Further work is not carried out until the concrete hardens well (this may take 3-4 days).
Masonry walls of the arbor
The next step after the foundation will be laying bricks. It is carried out from both ordinary and facing bricks (in the first case, the appearance will suffer).
If you use bricks of different colors, you can give a gazebo a decorative and sophisticated look.
Bricks are laid on cement mortar using a trowel. Cement mortar consists of:
To make the building complete, you can use figured lattices as well as decorative architectural elements as a decor. If wood products are used, they must be soaked in an antiseptic in order to avoid rotting and mold. Also products can be varnished.
As you can see, if you try hard, you can achieve the desired result, and then the gazebo will be a matter of pride, and using it will bring a lot of joy and pleasure.
See how to build a good hex gazebo:
Learn about 10 mistakes that people often make when choosing a gazebo:
Roof construction diagram
The frame of the hexagonal roof
Diagram of a six-sided arbor in the section
Hexagonal gazebo with a green roof
Decoration of the arbor
Wooden arbor with barbecue
Design of a wooden hexagonal arbor
Arbor with wind protection
Hexagonal of the profiled bar
From the beam
Open design from timber
From metal on a columnar foundation
Interior design of a metal arbor
Near the reservoir
Portable metal arbor
Made of stone with brazier