Translated into Russian, the name of the Art Nouveau style means "modern". Such he was during his appearance, making a lively extraordinary stream in the development of design. Today, only its name is preserved, which does not apply to modern design trends. Having decided to give preference to this style, one should be prepared for the fact that its execution in the classical version requires considerable material costs. But the end result is worth any cost, because the modern style in the interior is a work of art.
The appearance of this style was triggered by that incredibly muddled eclecticism, which in the late 19th century became the most frequently used in the design of European interiors. All styles known at that time mixed, shuffled, piled on each other, but did not give a new result. The rooms remained the same recognizable, long podnadoevshimi, did not differ in any originality or classical purpose, were just a repetition of previous designs, often in a not very successful combination.
The emergence of a new style was a natural process, accelerated by the rapid development of new technologies that required their implementation. At first, the art nouveau design was perceived as a sign of bad taste and appeared in a few houses. Mostly extraordinary individuals resorted to him who wanted to stand out from the crowd in a similar way.
Modern did not last long at the peak of popularity. Its recession began in the second decade of the twentieth century. This was due to the high cost of manufacturing furniture and finishing materials necessary for the purity of style. The development of industry, which put the production of objects on the conveyor, finally shattered the foundations of style, and the First World War put an end to its popularization.
New progressive and very bold style quickly spread around the world, finding millions of fans. In each country, it has its own name:
In America, this is Tiffany. Named in honor of the famous artist and designer L. K. Tiffany, author of the original combination of glass in stained glass production.
For the French, this is Art Nouveau, which means “new art”.
Young Art or Germans' Jugendstil.
Modern style among the British.
Secession of the Austrians.
Liberty for the Italians.
Modernism among the Spaniards.
Spruce Style in Switzerland.
Each culture left its mark on the development of style, and soon two main directions appeared: decorative and constructive. The first was characteristic of Scotland and Austria. The second adhered to Germany, Belgium, France. In a separate group can be identified Russian style, the development of which was strongly influenced by folk traditions. But this division is very conditional. It is not in vain that designers consider modernity to be the most difficult of all known styles - it absorbed such a huge number of trends, was influenced by so many cultures that it is sometimes very difficult to define the line between it and eclecticism or art deco.
Each style has its distinct differences, allowing even a barely knowledgeable person to correctly identify them.
Modern in the interior is:
# 1. An abundance of wooden elements. The interior in modern style does not accept non-natural materials. The most accessible and versatile is the tree. From it are created furniture, wall panels, wall decor elements, ceiling, flooring, windows and doors. The most commonly used tree of hardwood with a pronounced structure: beech, oak. When processing it is not allowed deaf painting hiding the structure of the fibers.
# 2. Total absence of straight lines. Smooth, soft contours, without any angles, often imitating plant elements.
# 3. Forms are smooth, devoid of any symmetry. Harmonious flow from one to another. Vertical dominant.
# 4. Natural themes in decor: stylized plant and animal ornaments. Initially, modernity to a simplified image of lilies, petals and leaves, butterflies with dragonflies. But today these elements are not mandatory. They can be selected to your own taste.
# 5. Stained-glass windows used for the design of windows, doors, ceilings and lamps. The technique of their manufacture is not important - from expensive tiffany to pseudo-dyeing, created by painting. Only the theme of the picture is important. It should be consonant with the general mood of the room.Most often it is a floral ornament using flexible stems, soft petals and smooth abstraction.
# 6. Ascending upward windows, often arched or huge, like a display case, decorated with floral decoration. In the Art Nouveau style windows are used not only for their intended purpose, but are also a full-fledged element of the room's decor, complementing and often putting a bullet on its design.
# 7. Doors are rectangular or arched. Wide, preferably double. Flat, with elements of mosaic decor. A distinctive feature of the doors in the modern style is the windows on the top and sides of the doorway, most often decorated with stained glass windows. This creates an additional sense of open space.
# 8. The stairs and steps are wide, necessarily decorated with wrought iron railings with openwork ornamentation.
A stained-glass entrance door in modern style.
Modernist style staircase.
The modernist style to a large number of free space, so for the design in this style suitable room of medium size and more. Best of all, if it is a studio apartment. Its layout allows unobtrusively to zone the space, using for this purpose only floor coverings and ornate openwork partitions with necessarily wavy arched lines. The line of separation on the floor should not have corners, be smooth. You can duplicate zoning lines with partitions, furniture, carpets, large decorative elements and even floor patterns.
The second option, the most suitable for the design of modern - apartment with a non-standard layout. Such an arrangement is most suitable for creating an interior that is inclined to non-standard and asymmetrical forms. After all, with the help of modernism, you can veil the unfortunate shape and location of rooms.
The naturality of the material used to create the modern in the interior is emphasized with natural colors.
All of them should be muted, not screaming, in pastel colors:
The task of color is to give the interior lightness, romance.
Suitable for contrast:
But there should be a small amount of these accents.
It is important to choose the correct ratio of colors of furnish, furniture and textiles so that the room creates the impression of a single whole, and not a mixture of separate elements. In the modern, allowing all sorts of deviations and innovations, it is very easy not to notice such a shaky side. As a result, instead of a stylish interior, the same eclecticism will turn out, moreover, it is often very poor quality.
First of all, it is necessary to determine the accent element, and only then adjust the background and additional color fillings for it. If it is necessary to draw attention to the luxurious furniture - the color of the walls, the saturation of the stained glass windows or the pomposity of the ceiling decoration should in no case interrupt it. Be proud of the author's stained-glass windows on the windows, the ceiling and in the doorway - furniture, walls and floors should be made in pastel colors of one or two colors in different keys. You should not use too many colors - we are creating a cozy interior for the eyes, and not a rainbow, even if all its colors are harmonious with each other.
In the modern style, which prefers space and air, excluding additional partitions, the room can be zoned with the help of color. The main thing is that all elements of each zone should be consonant and in no case should they conflict with each other. You can experiment with the colors of each zone at your discretion, not forgetting to adhere to the basic requirements for color.
Walls create only a background, but in no case do they focus attention on themselves. Therefore, for their color using light, not flashy shades: pearl, cream, milky white, light gray. Textured is not allowed. For some rooms where it is necessary to create a certain intimacy, an intimacy, it is possible to take darker tones of wine, brown colors. They should be muted, without gloss. To avoid excessive darkness from the dark color, the walls can be decorated with a discreet floral ornament. Its distinctive feature is the vertical location, imitation of the natural growth of plants.
Sometimes designers prefer to decorate the lower part of walls with wooden panels, which in some cases is more practical, for example, in the hallway.Panels should be made of natural wood or, in extreme cases, a cheaper artificial material that imitates it. The upper part of the walls is covered with silk or paper wallpaper of pastel shades. In any case, decorated walls should not attract attention to themselves, thereby drowning the interior of the room.
The ceiling in the modern style should be given special attention. Unlike the walls, it is very richly decorated. This may be bulk plaster moldings, wooden elements. It is in the ceiling that the influence of the classics on the formation of this style is felt to the maximum. Its static elements very organically fit into the strange interweaving of undulating lines and look great in asymmetry, smoothly wrapping rooms in a dynamic pattern.
Often stained glass is placed on the ceiling, which is a constant and very important attribute of modernity. Illuminated by a light that is muffled and does not hurt the eyes, they create a special mood in the room. Moreover, a stained glass window made according to the apartment owner’s own project is a great way to express yourself and contribute your own personal contribution to the room design.
Floor covering is a very important component in the design of a room of any style. In the modern floor is not the active component. It should fit harmoniously into the overall picture, not suppress and not "disappear." Shading the decoration of the room, it can be darker than the walls or in the same key.
The floor allowed by the rules of the modern modernity in the interior is wooden parquet, laminate, natural tile or stone. The parquet can be laid out with a classic herringbone or in a particular design with the obligatory smooth lines of the pattern. Laminate should be natural colors under a wooden board. Modern technology allows you to create a picture lined from natural stone or porcelain stoneware, cut out in any form.
Classic floor design in modern style.
Properly selected furniture is convenient, comfortable, with smooth outlines. She should beckon for a rest. Complete absence of any angles. In sofas, beds maximum asymmetry in the backside. The backs of the chairs with strange waves tend upwards. The proportions of cabinet furniture as dominant as possible in the direction of the vertical. Modern is a very flexible style, so classic furniture that has a fancy shape will fit perfectly into it. The furniture in a minimalist style is also suitable for it, if it is supplemented with appropriate decor, expressive patterns and stained glass details. The main rule in the selection of furniture, from which it is impossible to deviate - natural color and material.
The amount of furniture should be clearly designed for the purpose of the room. Excessive items, creating clutter, not acceptable for this minimally airy style requiring a lot of air, are not allowed. Upholstered furniture is not a modern item, but in some rooms it is necessary. It should be as small as possible, only with a target destination. According to the color scheme, it should fit into the overall picture, the tree should radically dominate over textiles. Textiles themselves are made in muted pastel colors. Among the standard industrial upholstered furniture should pick up items with a minimum number of corners, rounded soft armrests, low-key textiles and floral patterns.
For modern lighting, their appearance and location are important. In this case, it is better to follow the classic rules. They will allow to emphasize the belonging of the interior to the style, even if otherwise minor flaws are allowed.
The lamp on the ceiling in the Art Nouveau style is an unchangeable chandelier with the obligatory crystal elements of the decor, luxurious and eye-catching. All its metallic elements are gold plated or forged. For bedrooms and boudoirs, you can use a chandelier made in the stained glass Tiffany style. Multi-colored glass, iridescent with bizarre glares from the included light, will be a bright accent spot in the room.
It is desirable that floor and table lamps echo the chandelier in the technique of execution. The base and legs of floor lamps should be made of natural material, metal or wood, not falling out of the overall color scheme of the interior.
Additional lighting in the form of wall lights is possible. Often they are used for zoning. Their base should be made of natural material, and the ceiling should be conical or rounded.
All lighting devices have a complex shape, possibly with decorative elements in the form of intricate monograms, flowing plant elements, asymmetrical and elegant due to their perfect lines.
Modern chandelier in modern style.
Modern textiles are an indispensable element, starting with massive curtains on the windows and ending with decorative pillows on the sofa. For curtains, preference is given to natural fabrics, not light: velvet, natural silk, satin. Curtains are fastened to open eaves, necessarily forged or imitating forging, with intricate tips. Another mount can be hidden behind the lambrequins.
It is better if the curtains are sewn asymmetrically or at least complemented with asymmetric lambrequins. In the daytime, they are not just moved apart, but are removed to the sides with the help of special fasteners on the walls on the sides of the windows. Very soft beautiful waves are obtained.
The fabric for curtains can be used both monophonic and with an inconspicuous floral pattern. Curtains should not attract special attention, but only complement the finished image of the room, in harmony with the upholstery of furniture.
Design of the bedroom window in modern style.
As in any other style, the last point completing the whole image will be objects that do not carry any functional load except decorating the room. But it is they who determine the atmosphere of the room, fill it with life and comfort. Modern - a fertile style, in which there is a place for any decor. And rarely their number is excessive. The main thing is that the color scheme fits into the overall picture.
It is desirable that all decorative elements be made of natural materials, have a rich and presentable appearance:
The main motifs of the decorative elements:
Charm and comfort gives the room a modern fireplace. Let it be electric, but its decor should be as close as possible to the classic look. Nearby for greater likelihood, you can arrange forged objects, which are a necessary tool for a real fireplace.
Fireplace in a modern interior.
Designers offer lovers of painting to turn their attention to the works of Czech Alfons Mucha and Austrian Gustav Klimt, the most famous promoters of the classical modern in the period of its prosperity. Their canvases perfectly match the plastic, harmony and unity with nature, which is necessary for the purity of style. Or more modern American modernist Joshia Birbank, whose paintings seem to be assembled from pieces, have an incredible hypnotic gift that fills the room with a special atmosphere.
Modern is the only one of all known styles that existed for a very short time and left its mark on the design for a long time. Until now, after more than a hundred years from the moment of appearance, it, as at the very beginning, is used by extraordinary, confident people, so-called gourmets in design.