Thanks to the exterior finish, it is easy to change the architectural appearance of the house. Making the facade will allow the laying of facing bricks with their own hands. The work requires accuracy and adherence to technology, it is quite laborious, but the result will please for many years.
The main function of the facing material is decorative design of the house, therefore manufacturers offer a huge selection of shades and textures of the front part of the brick. The appearance and characteristics of the product are influenced by the raw materials and technology used in the production. There are several types of facing bricks.
Ceramic is a classic brick made of baked clay. Depending on the type of raw material has a reddish or white-yellow shade. The material is resistant to mechanical damage and ultraviolet, does not lose color from burning. It is made smooth and rough, with a smooth or wavy surface. The brick well passes steam, therefore in a laying the moisture does not accumulate.
The hyper pressed brick is made of shell rock or limestone with the addition of portland cement and dyes. Production is carried out by pressing under high pressure. The product is resistant to moisture and frost, its cost is lower than that of ceramics. The brick is made corpulent, hollow and figured.
The minus of the product is a smooth surface that makes adhesion to the solution difficult.
The clinker brick is made of plastic clay, which is burned after pressing. Bright shades of the material are obtained by adding dyes. The product is characterized by high sound and heat insulation, frost resistance, durability and durability. This material has the highest cost among facing bricks.
The low water absorption coefficient of the clinker brick increases the time required for masonry.
All bricks for the facial finish can be divided into two groups:
The facing material is characterized by stable geometric dimensions, inaccuracies are:
When choosing a material, you should inspect it for the presence of defects and chips. When visually assessing facing bricks, several criteria are taken into account:
To achieve maximum quality masonry, you need to know the basic rules:
Having determined the location during the dry unfolding trimming bricks and window and door openings, proceed to leveling the level of the cap. The first row of brick fits on it around the perimeter of the building. The solution is applied indented by 1.5 cm from the edge. After the first row, corner columns are formed to a height of 4-6 rows. Between the elements the thread is stretched over which the bricks of the remaining rows are being laid. This guideline helps to keep horizontal. To tie the cladding to the main wall, use an anchor with wire attached to it.
After the mortar is set, sew the seams with a special tool. In the process of work it is necessary to monitor the cleanliness of the front of the brick and wipe it.
Brick cladding gives the house a respectable and attractive look, and independent work allows you to save on the services of craftsmen.
The technology for laying bricks can be seen in the following video: