Wood requires special protection, in most cases it is enough to use paints and varnishes to resolve this issue. For example, you can learn how to cover the tree stain. It can penetrate the wood structure and protect wooden products from deformation, moisture and dirt.
Materials for wood processing
First you should study the existing range of paints and varnishes. We pay attention only to options for lumber.
A group of transparent and translucent coatings using which can give the surface shine, as well as protect against external factors. They consist of complex components:
Carefully study the label with varnish, the strength of the alcohol used must be at least 90º. Ethanol can be used as a solvent.
Properly chosen means will allow you to select the structure and tone of wood.
Emit from the main components resins and pigments that are dissolved in oil. The consistency can be liquid and semi-fluid, which allows it to be applied to the surface of the tree with a brush or roller. Affordable price is an attractive and positive factor for most people. After processing, a thin transparent film appears on the surface, which acts as a protective barrier for moisture and ultraviolet cure. Perhaps the manifestation of the characteristic yellow color.
A high degree of protection allows you to coat with lacquers wooden products that are outdoors.
The base includes nitrocellulose, which is diluted in organic solvents. The applied layer will dry for a long time, so you should take the object away from open windows and doors. The resulting hard coating will be resistant to both the sun's rays and mechanical loads.
When working with this varnish, you need to worry about your protection: wear a respirator, goggles and rubber gloves.
Acrylate base in aquatic environment - this is the composition of varnish. Before applying the water-based lacquer on a wooden surface, it must be thoroughly mixed or shaken. After complete drying, the varnish layer will protect the wood from water, solar radiation and mechanical loads.
The process of staining is used to give the wood a certain color, in particular the color of a different wood species. The applied composition will penetrate into the structure without creating a film. This allows you to emphasize the structure and pattern of the tree and, in addition, to protect the wood. The main types of stains:
In the specialty store you can find such an assortment of stains: liquid concentrate, solution and powder.
Prepare the wooden surface
Apply Both lacquer and stain are needed solely on the prepared surface when it comes to an old piece of furniture. To date, you can use three methods of cleaning wood from the old coating:
Use the remover for varnish
It is necessary to determine which method is appropriate, individually , based on the type of product and paintwork materials that were used before. Consider each method separately.
After the treatment with the remover, cover with
film In the composition of solvents in most cases poisonous substances enter, so when working with them should wear a respirator.
Defects and gaps are eliminated with putty
Not enough just remove the old layer, the surface needs additional processing, that is, grinding. Regardless of the new or old material in question, it must be carefully examined for defects. If seams, cracks and knots were found, they should be eliminated.
The gaps at the joints are sealed with special wood putty. After drying, the irregularities are cleaned with fine-grained sandpaper. It is not necessary to process raw wood, since all actions will be meaningless: when drying, the tree is deformed, respectively, the applied layer is also deformed.
Due to the property of deep penetration of stain into the pores of wood, the solution chemically reacts with tannins, thanks to which the product will be completely protected from fungi, mold and insects. To know how to apply the stain on a wooden surface, you need to familiarize yourself with the technologies and techniques.
Use a brush
All the specified tools for staining the tree are equivalent, so you can choose be guided solely by their own preferences. The processing technology is no different from the usual painting. But there is one important point: the majority of wood stains dry quickly, so work should be prompt and tidy. Do not allow the applied layer to dry before the work is completed, otherwise this area will differ from the rest of the surface.
It is necessary to apply the stain to the wood fibers, avoiding the contact of the layers.
As you can see, the process is quite simple. The number of applied layers depends on the desired shade. To fix the result of a wooden product or surface must be varnished.
We varnish wood
Painting wooden stairs