Each backyard plot is equipped with protective structures such as a fence and a gate. Today there is a wide variety of technologies and materials that allow you to make such designs special. For example, if we speak beyond the gate, there are quite a few of their types, namely sliding, sliding, automatic, hinged. In this article we will tell you how to make swing gates with your own hands, consider the example of manufacturing metal and automatic gates, give explanatory photos, diagrams and drawings.
Regardless of the design chosen, you reserve the right to choose their method of opening - inside the yard or outside. Making a swing gate is not a problem. The classical form of swing gates has a number of distinctive features:
Types of metal swing gates
Before than to proceed with the manufacture of the gate, it is important to determine their design. The choice depends on the frequency of their operation. Several types of gates can be made of metal, we consider each of them separately.
This type of design is not so popular. They represent one continuous canvas. In order for them to function well, the pillar should be securely supported, and a lot of money will be needed. If such a gate is installed on the garage, then it is necessary to build a powerful metal frame and fortified hinges. Moreover, the disadvantage is that it is necessary to arrange enough space for opening single-leaf swing gates.
The most common and convenient type of swing gates. Without any effort, they can be done at home. Moreover, their design includes two identical canvases. Therefore, the frame is made of two frames, sheathed with sheet material. Unlike the previous design, opening will require less free space.
For daily use, these gates are very convenient. Moreover, they are made on the same principle as the ordinary double gate. The only difference is that in the right place on one of the valves fix the additional beam and support for the installation of the gate. If the gate of such a plan is mounted on the garage, then the mortise type of wicket is used. In this case, a hole is cut in one of the gate leaves and a door is installed.
Forged swing gates are made more for aesthetic effect. If the design is made in the form of closed elements, then decorative forging is used, but the open type of the gate is often used.
As for the garage, for their construction a mainly closed type of gate with separate forging elements is used.
Regardless of the type of construction, garage doors can be insulated. Due to this, the heat in the garage will be maintained. And your car, while not subject to corrosion due to sudden temperature fluctuations.
By following the guidelines outlined below, you can make your own metal swing gates. But for this it is important to closely adhere to the drawing / scheme of the chosen construction. If it is difficult for you to design your own drawing of swing gates, then at the end of the article, you will find many schemes that can be taken as a basis. The basis of the gate will be a metal frame, which is mounted in the entrance opening. If you decide to make a gate in your yard, then you can immediately construct a gate with a built-in wicket. But for this you will need to install strong pillars that can withstand the weight of additional sashes. You must also install supports, for this you will need:
The work on the manufacture of supports is as follows:
If the gate has a height of 2 m, then the depth of the pit should be about 1 m, and 100 mm in diameter wider than the diameter of the pipe.
Now is the time to start making the gate frame. To do this, you will need:
If you make swing gates for the garage, then first of all you need to make a frame and install it in the opening. It is made of a metal corner of a rectangular or square shape, depending on the opening of the garage.
As for the manufacture of the frame for the garage, it is better to make them in two copies. Secure one on the outside of the opening, and the other on the inside. Between themselves, they are connected by metal strips and welding.
The manufacturing process of the gate leaves is as follows:
That's how metal gates are made.
Every person has a desire for comfort. And this even applies to the use of the gate. Modern technology has allowed to automate the process of opening the swing gates. And there are a lot of advantages. For example, when you are in a hurry, you should not waste time leaving the car to open / close the shutters. If it is raining outside, then you can avoid getting wet, again going out. Reflecting on these positive aspects, we suggest you to consider the manufacturing technology and some features of automatic gates.
First, we highlight some features of such a structure:
For the sake of objectivity, consider the disadvantages:
In addition, it is necessary to single out the frequent breakdowns of automation. Although manufacturers claim that this or that mechanism is extremely reliable, there is nothing eternal. However, carrying out maintenance work, any trouble can be avoided.
If during the work the automation stopped working, then you should not close the gate by force. It may be necessary to turn the process from opening to closing. When pressed again, the mechanism can earn.
Although not in all cases this solves the problem. Often you have to contact specialists for the repair of automation. Given all this, do not be afraid of this design. As the saying goes: "To fear a wolf - not to go to the forest." Do not give up the benefits of comfort.
It is worth noting right away that the installation procedure for an automatic gate is quite laborious. It requires some qualifications, accuracy and accuracy. Therefore, if you doubt your abilities, it is better to choose a company that will do everything efficiently and quickly. If you have experience in such work, then following the guide, you will succeed in achieving your intended goal.
The manufacturing process for swinging gates was described above. Therefore, we will pay special attention to automation, which is equipped according to certain standards.
So, when installing automation, the following indicators should be taken into account:
Disregarding these important factors, the automation will fail, which will lead to the bracket breaking, electric motor breakdown and other unpleasant consequences.
is possible With a strong desire, you can make the automatics for opening the gate yourself. Especially for lovers - this business will become a real hobby. This is especially true for those people who want to save.
The basis of such a drive in any case will be the mechanism that is installed on the gate from the satellite dish. He, in turn, is equipped with a worm gear. As a result, it completely replaces the conventional electric drive.
The system for satellite television has a swiveling mechanism in its design (this applies to old-type systems). This mechanism is an electric motor that can be used for installation on swing gates. As for the worm gear, its principle of operation is similar to the drive. But as for the first option (worm gear), it is more profitable, since for its operation there is enough voltage in 36V, ordinary magazine drives require voltage in 220V.
If we talk from the security side, then using such a step-down transformer plan is more profitable. Moreover, if the voltage increases, the opening / closing of the gate leaves increases. However, with prolonged increased voltage mechanism may fail.
So, for assembling self-made automatics, take 2 actuators from the satellite antenna in working condition. Give advantages to those that have long stocks.
This mechanism can be purchased for a relatively low price from a specialized company. Plus, you need to buy a remote control and a transformer, the power of 36-40V.
The console will play the role of giving a signal to the electric drive to open / close the door through the sash. Such a system can also be installed on the garage door. The range of the remote can reach up to 50 m. The whole drive is assembled for 6 hours. In order for all automation to work properly, supplement it with a current relay. It will prevent possible damage in the event that a stone or other object falls under the door leaf. Automation will return the sash back. If the relay is absent, then after several times the motor may burn out, and the door leaf will become unusable.
This is how you can independently make automation for swing gates. If you do not have the ability and desire to do all this, then you can buy the mechanism already ready.
First of all, consider how to open the swing gates. For example, the sash can open inward or outward. Based on this, you should choose the appropriate automation. Immediately before installation, prepare the following material and tools:
A suitable electric drive is also selected. It is of two types:
How to determine which one you need? If the internal distance between the support posts is up to 1.5 m, then a linear distance is required. In this case, the automatics will not have levers, and, accordingly, take up less space on the gate. If the distance is more than 1.5 m and reaches up to 3 m, then a lever mechanism should be purchased. This drive is also unpretentious, just designed for heavy loads. In addition, you should select the necessary components. To do this, take into account the wind load.
During the installation process, make sure that the flaps open freely. It is very important to keep an eye on this, since after installation of the electric drive it may be already late to set something up.
If you find that the sash is difficult, then identify the problem and fix it right away. One of the possible problems is the movement of the valves is not on the level. The reason for this is an inclined support pillar. As a consequence, this has a negative effect on automation. When all the shortcomings are eliminated, then you can begin to install automation on the gate.
If you bought automatics for the gate in the store, then closely follow the manufacturer's instructions when installing. In this case, it will work properly for a long time.
It is considered that the opening of the gate inside the courtyard is a standard scheme. Therefore, any drive will be suitable for the implementation of this project.So, if the support pillars are made of steel, then it is preferable to use a linear actuator. It is quite another thing if you have brick supports, and swing gates are located in the center of the column. In this case, the linear actuator is not suitable. We'll have to install and buy lever electric. The automation itself is mounted on poles, and the levers will allow you to open the swing gates, even if the distance from the pole to the sash is 200 mm.
If we compare with each other, then both the linear and the lever will be suitable for external opening of the gate. But starting from the price, the preference, of course, falls on the linear electric drive. The only thing that should be considered is the method of attachment of the drive to the pole during the external opening.
In most cases, the drive is attached to a brick, which can crumble quickly. Worse if the drive is mounted to a nearly destroyed post. Under such conditions, automatics will disappear with part of the pillar.
Automatic for internal opening
Given this, such a pole requires additional reinforcement. For example, around you can weld a metal frame. Next, the drive opening outward is set to manual mode, the fixing brackets are attached to the gate by welding. In that case, if you use a linear actuator, then after welding open the gate completely and leave a free stroke up to 1 m. After that, check the course of the sash and the correct operation of the actuator. If everything works properly, then you can connect the automation and connect the engine.
All automation and remote control is configured according to the attached instructions. If one of the valves opens in the wrong direction, it is enough to shift the wire in the connection. But if you follow the connection diagram, then no problems should arise.
External opening of the gate
So, it is important to make the right choice of the necessary automation, considering which way the swing gates will open. From this article, you learned that there is an opportunity to make automation on your own. A simpler option is to purchase a complete set. But one thing is known, regardless of the choice you made, the presence of automation on the gate will make your life easier. Therefore, when building a gate at a dacha, think about which method of opening will be automatic or manual. If you have your own experience in the arrangement of automatic gates, then write comments to this article.
In the provided video material, the production of swing gates is described in more detail:
The photographs show possible options for swing gates:
Large swing gates
Art swing gates
Wooden swing gates
Wooden swing gates with automatic
Forged swing gates
Metal swing gates
Swing gates at the cottage
The lever for fixing gate
Schemes will help you design your own model of swing gates:
Drawing of swing gates
Drawing of country gates
Drawing of swing gates 4 by 2
Swing gates with the wicket
Construction of swing gates
Design of stiffeners
Detailed scheme of the gate
Swing automatic gates
Swing gates with automatic
Garage layout Swing gate
Automatic connection scheme
Swing gate scheme with automatic electric drive