Typically, the construction of a building is not the end point of the entire project. In order for the house to serve a good time, it is important to follow the rules of care and preventive maintenance. This is especially true for log buildings. One of the key points to know is how to caulk a log cabin.
Shrinkage of a house from a bar
Bath or House, which were built from logs or logs, usually shrink. In some cases, this value can reach 15‒20 cm in the first year. This factor must be taken into account when designing. This phenomenon is due to the fact that some of the moisture is lost and drying occurs. During the course of this process, loose contiguity of the material may appear where everything previously seemed quite tight. To compensate for this unpleasant fact, it will be necessary to seal the seams. Simply put, this is an event that aims to seal the gaps to prevent drafts, as well as reduce heat loss. Carry caulk need to have after complete shrinkage, which occurs within 6-7 months.
In order to make the process as high as possible compaction of a log house, it is necessary to acquire not only a good tool, but also suitable material, and also to have an idea of how to use them correctly. Of the tools we need:
Some craftsmen believe that it will be more convenient to work with a wooden or rubber mallet, since the blow is soft, as a result, the logs are not damaged. Opinions may diverge, so everyone chooses for themselves the most appropriate tool.
This moss is used for caulking
For these purposes, swamp red moss is used. This is one of the most environmentally friendly methods. It serves as a kind of antiseptic that prevents rotting. It has been used for centuries. This material allows wood to breathe in the best possible way. It can not be laid too wet, you need to give it a little dry.
If this is not done, this may lead to the fact that the joints will begin to rot and the structure will become unusable. But to lay it dry is also not recommended. In this state, it will crumble easily, and also subsequently will not be able to close the seams tightly. Before its driving it is necessary to make certain processing. Preparing a solution based on water (10 liters), in which 500 ml of oil and 250 g of soap are added. Everything is mixed until the soap is completely dissolved. After that, the moss is soaked and laid to drain a little. For ease of forming the roller, some craftsmen add tow fibers.
This is also natural a material that is very familiar to plumbers. Due to its fibrous structure, it serves as a good compactor. Some craftsmen do not really like this fiber. The fact is that it is quite difficult to work with him. Also, over time, the tow becomes useless, which will force the removal of its remnants and do everything again. Before laying it will need to be treated with a special substance that will serve as an antiseptic, as well as scare away insects that can feed on both the fibers themselves and harm the wood.
Excellent material, which, like moss, allows the tree to breathe. It is a good filter that does not let in odors. In modern material began to add additional synthetic inclusions, which made it even more durable. The main disadvantage of using this solution is that the mole loves to feast on felt. Before caulking, it is treated with special compounds that scare this insect.
Modern material, which is 100% flax and is a waste product. It is a good seal that does not hinder air circulation. It has some stiffness, which complicates the process of the caulker.
One of the best materials. It not only perfectly fills the cracks, but also protects intervening space from moisture penetration. Birds do not use it for the construction of their nests, so do not have to worry that they will peck it. It is made from wood of the family of lime. Usually it is imported from other countries. The material has softness and plasticity.
Blade with a rope
Jute rope. In addition to its intended purpose, this cauldron performs the role of decorative trim.
Sealant for log caulks
This is a modern method. Many manufacturers joined in this race. Material is supplied in special tubes. It is applied to the joints, after which a beautiful seam is formed.
What to choose is the decision of everyone personally. Everything will depend on the budget, as well as on the availability of a material in a particular area. But the material is better not to save.
How to caulk
How to caulk the seam joints divided into two types. They are interchangeable and, rather, complementary.
After the roll material spread, the process of sealing the seams was significantly simplified. Primary stacking is usually done right away when laying logs. To do this, rolled material is laid on the lunar recess and secured with a construction stapler. Further the log is located on the place. No need to carry out additional work after complete assembly.
A large layer of material for a caulk
During primary sealing It is important not to save material, but also not to lay it in a large layer. One lane will not be enough, so two fit. One should go next to the other, and the edge to act a few centimeters. It is very important to give stability to the log and make it easier for you to carry out the task when re-processing is carried out.
The secondary seal, which is done at least six months later, is not the last. After about 4–5 years, when the building finally sits down, it will be necessary to once again process the seams. You can follow the following sequence:
You need to be careful not to overdo it with the layer. During the caulk, the frame is raised. If you make the lining too thick, it can lead to the fact that the rise exceeds the size of a single log. The consequence may be that the dowels will not stand up and the bars will fall out.
Insulation with sealant is much easier. For this, a special string of suitable diameter is purchased. It is usually made from synthetic materials. Without effort, it fits into the seam to cover the gap. After that the mastic is applied. Its layer should be from 5 mm wide and from 10 mm high. After applying the composition is sprayed with impregnation, and then leveled with a small spatula. In the first few days you will have to curtain the seams on the sunny side, since usually the manufacturer advises to avoid direct sunlight until it dries.
Sealant is also used after applying natural materials. It helps protect the sealer from pests and animals. Inside the house, instead of a sealant, it will be possible to use a string of sufficient diameter to decorate the pierced joints.
Usually, the self-sealing of a log house does not cause much difficulty and does not require great skills. The only thing you need is patience, because time is running out.
This video shows the caulking process with acrylic sealants: