Often the grayness of cities and their cold only repels and depresses. That is why we are so eager for nature. Only here we feel calm and balanced, we can think about something good and make plans. We are pleased to come to the country site and leave the problems behind. But not always here, we are protected from prying eyes, there are neighbors who are interested in what we do. In order to preserve personal space, we want to build a fence higher. But don't we lock ourselves in the same frames as in the stone jungle? We offer to build a fence that will please every day and bring pleasure. From this article you will learn how to make a hedge in the country with their own hands, which plants are ideal for the construction of a fence.
Start is always difficult
So, it’s worth starting with selection of plants to create a hedge. First, decide how often you would like to care for plants, think, it will be coniferous or deciduous, what height they will reach. Then it is necessary to decide whether you will cut the plants or let everything go to chance. Note that for internal partitions and those that land on the edge of the territory, various types of trees and shrubs can be used.
Fences are divided into three types:
Planting a fence
Walls - the height can reach 2-3 m. There are some of them more difficult to form, but they are well suited to completely cover their territory. In these cases, it is especially important to choose the right trees. Such a height and proximity means a lot of shading on the site and nearby plants. In these situations, it is well established - hornbeam. He tolerates a lack of sunlight and loves moisture, which will not be a problem. It is very important to fertilize it well. Of the hardwoods, which are well perceived, the formative influence can also be distinguished: small-leaved linden, apple berry, which, by the way, will delight with its works, as well as summer oak with beautiful leaf shape.
It is also worth noting common spruce - it does not require special care and is perfectly shaped, tolerates shade and needs moisture, its annual growth can be up to 30 cm, for several years there will be a full-fledged partition that reaches 3 m tall. Fir has a beautiful shade and pleasant-looking cones, which can later form a unique cover that retains moisture and provides nutrients.
If you want your fence to make people and animals more difficult, you can use representatives with spiky thorns. For example, such shrubs as zhoster laxatives and loch narrow-leaved grow over time, and if they are trimmed in time, the crown becomes even thicker. The latter tolerates droughts of a certain duration. From trees you can plant plum, which has pleasant-tasting fruits.
If you want to clearly define your territory, but do not want to be behind the high fence, then you can pick up plants for living fences, the height of which will not exceed 1-1.5 m. In this case, you will need to make more efforts to monitor growth and timely cut the tops. Of evergreen - spruce, juniper, western thuja. After the rain or in the morning and evening hours, these plants fill the air with a pleasant coniferous scent, which not only wants to be inhaled greedily, but which is also good for health.
From deciduous foliage, brushlin is suitable - a very interesting plant that has red-colored inflorescences that stand out against the background of spring flowers, but do not try to eat them, since they have carrying properties. Cotoneaster has dark green fleshy leaves, which feel covered with wax. At certain times of the year, dark red fruits appear that perfectly complement the whole picture. It can grow up to 50 years in one place, without requiring special care.
One of the ideal options for arranging a hedge would be common grass - this plant is able to withstand almost complete shade and does not need special care.
If the two previous options were used to enclose your entire site, then the third option will be relevant for dividing the internal territory into zones that will have a different design according to your desire. Borders are the lowest types of hedges, their height can vary from 50 cm to 1 m. In the case of their cultivation, the choice of material should be treated with particular seriousness. From hardwood you can pay attention to the willow variety Nana - she loves the light, but tolerates frost well. It blooms at the beginning of spring along with blooming leaves.It tolerates pruning, rarely gets sick. The root system is well developed, which will strengthen the shores of reservoirs and hillsides.
The hedge from the spruce
Gardeners were very fond of dazyphoria or silverweed. This plant has a very dense crown with green leaves. It blooms from late spring and will delight you with pleasant yellow flowers until winter. This shrub is undemanding to the soil, so that they are fertilized, it does not need abundant moisture, tolerates drought, and also loves the light.
If we talk about conifers, it will be very pleasant to look juniper, but he will need to pay more attention during the care. If you have a desire to avoid cutting and shaping, then Japanese spiraea and magonia will be perfect. The first of them will please with a pleasant color, starting in spring and ending in late autumn. It will not have to fertilize the land, cover it for the winter, it adapts to almost all conditions. The second will not only be a decorative addition, but will also help improve health. Fruits that many neglect are able to normalize pressure and become an addition to the dessert.
Do not think that the row should be planted with plants of the same type. They can be freely combined to provide an overflow of colors and shades.
After selection, the responsibility is
It would be good , if the plant can just be planted and left so that it can take care of itself, but usually it does not happen. Therefore, it is necessary to know the basic rules for the care of hedges, which will make it possible to once again analyze whether you really want this. If you want to shape them, then you need to choose a shape - it can be rectangular, square, rounded or figured. The first is well suited for plants of any height, it is easiest to cut, square is a great option for borders, round is much more difficult to process, but can also be used for all types of hedges. Figured - this is more for detached shrubs and trees, they can take the form of any animal, structure, etc. Here are a few basic rules for proper trimming and cutting:
Cutting the hedge
It is important to carefully consider the condition of the soil. Due to the very close proximity of shrubs or trees, it is heavily compacted, so it is necessary to loosen it, saturating the root system with oxygen. Such processing should reach up to half a meter on each side. From time to time it would be useful to apply organic and mineral fertilizers.
If these are trees, then such treatment should be carried out in circles at the trunks, which will allow moisture to accumulate and nourish the shoots. For irrigation it is best to organize a drip irrigation system. It does not hit the pocket and does not take much time. Simply lay a special pipe at the base and pick up the pump. This type of food will not wash out minerals and will best impregnate the top layer, going to the roots.
Some gardeners think that by cutting the plants they hurt them. But just the opposite is true. If you do not do this, then it starts to hurt, becomes clogged with old foliage and eventually dies.
Get down to business
If, after reading all the previous information, you did not change your mind to care for a hedge, it would be good to know practical tips on planting it. Of course, this work can be entrusted to professionals who do it all the time, but how much more pleasant to admire the fruit of your work:
After disembarkation, the soil is additionally fertilized, and the roots of the plants are dipped in a talker of manure.
All this information may seem very difficult to remember. and for use. But do not rush to draw such conclusions. Simply start. Further, with regular care of the plants, many moments will simply become a habit, and you will carry them out automatically. Special care and attention plants require only in the early stages, then everything goes on the thumb, and you just enjoy the result. If you want to have a healthy hedge, then do not regret the invested funds and forces, otherwise everything can go down the drain. Do not spare the forces and you will definitely see the fruits of your labor.
You may be interested in the following materials:
From the provided videos, you can learn more about the features of creating a hedge in the summer cottage with your own hands:
From the statuettes
From the hornbeam
Out of the lilac
Implementing at the cottage
In the park
In the garden