Starting work on building a house, you need to have an idea about all stages of construction, including how to properly drain the foundation. It is the quality of the foundation that determines the reliability of the entire structure.
The drainage system is used to strengthen the base with an unfavorable type of soil, or in conditions of frequent precipitation, and there are two types:
Drainage of the foundation of the house
It is necessary for removal of thawed, ground and other waters and protection of a design against their harmful effects. With a high-quality drainage installation, the building's service life increases significantly, since it prevents the accumulation of moisture, mold and other adverse factors that lead to the destruction of the house.
Wall drainage is an angled system consisting of closed pipes. The corners of the structure are equipped with manholes. Wells are necessary to eliminate blockages that may occur during operation.
Hydrostatic and mechanical pressure of the soil water on the foundation is removed with the help of drainage.
Ring drainage type
This drainage system is not mounted at the surface of the walls, and at a certain distance from them (about 3 m). This drainage is used in the absence of the possibility of using the wall type and the installed blind area.
In the absence of waterproofing of walls, or in the presence of a reinforced concrete base, it is worth making a choice in favor of wall drainage, otherwise you will not get the desired result.
The presence of a drainage system is simply necessary, otherwise the impact of moisture on the base of the house will lead to its destruction. The consequences will appear gradually in the form of a skew of the walls, roof and the whole structure. That is, over time, the probability of falling home is high.
There are a variety of materials for building a drainage system that are sold in hardware stores. The most used are corrugated polyethylene pipes that bend well. The walls of such pipes are equipped with holes (perforations) necessary for the passage of water into them and further ingress into the sump.
The pipe is laid at a depth of 3 meters, and its service life exceeds half a century. They are mounted both before waterproofing, and after. The diameter varies from 5 to 20 cm.
If there is a large possibility of foreign particles penetrating into the pipe, and, consequently, there is a high probability of blockages, additional winding is required from the geopolit.
Geotextiles Geotexil has recently been rapidly gaining popularity in the construction industry. It is produced using a woven or non-woven method of polymer fibers. Since the raw material is environmentally friendly, then the final material is environmentally friendly.
Geofield has a number of the following advantages:
This material is used in cases where filtration, separation, drainage and protection of the drainage system is necessary.
Materials for the work
Ring drainage When thinking about building your own house, it is necessary to provide a drainage system, otherwise the lifetime of the structure will be minimal.
This task should be approached with the utmost responsibility and all work should be entrusted to specialists. However, acquiring the necessary theoretical base, you can cope on your own.
At this drainage works are considered completed, and in the future you can not worry about the security of your own home.
The process of creating a drainage system of the foundation in the video format: