When carrying out repairs, there is always a choice of finishing the ceiling. High requirements for the aesthetics of the room do not allow open pipes, ventilation and other communications. You can hide any wires and highways by installing a drywall box. This design looks spectacular on the ceiling in any room: kitchen, hallway, living room, bedroom. The finished design looks like a two-level ceiling, but its installation will be cheaper. The shape of the box is selected in accordance with the overall interior of the room, spotlights will be its organic addition.
In this article we will tell you how to make a drywall box on your own, consider various options, and also demonstrate photo and video instructions.
You can embed the backlight
How to choose drywall
The drywall sheet represents is a building material, based on the hardened layer of gypsum with filler. Both sides of the sheet are covered with paper, which serves to protect the inside and ensures the stretching of the material during operation. Versatile and inexpensive material is widespread. Depending on the purpose, it is divided into moisture resistant, material designed for normal humidity, and fire resistant. Cellulose-reinforced gypsum-fiber sheet has excellent strength characteristics.
UD and CD profiles
Installation basis the ceiling box is a metal profile frame, you will need:
When choosing a material, it is necessary to pay attention to its quality: sheets of plasterboard should not be chipped, galvanized surface profiles should be uniform. The rigidity of the metal frame ensures the safety of the whole structure, it is better to purchase material from well-known manufacturers. Fasteners and profiles must be of the same brand.
Before installing the box, you must complete a drawing that will allow you to calculate the amount of material.
Until sheeting, sheets are stored only in a horizontal position.
The box device will require you to prepare various tools for the job:
Casing of the box
Fits the cover until it is fixed insulation, if provided. Sheets of drywall are cut to the size of the box. The joints of two adjacent sheets should be placed on the same CD-profile. Initially, the lower part of the structure is sewn, and then the side one.
The material is fixed by self-tapping screws, the heads of which are recessed by 1-2 mm to facilitate the putty.
Round holes are cut out in the places where luminaires are installed.
Putty for the box
The finishing of the plasterboard box starts with a primer the entire surface. After drying comes the turn of the starting putty. Putting putty responsible and complex procedure, improper finishing spoil the overall impression of the appearance of the structure. For quality work, professional masters use two spatulas - working and auxiliary; it is worth considering their experience and making a wide and narrow spatula. The auxiliary tool is applied a layer of putty, and the main leveling.
A simple box
The corners of the structure are decorated with a metal corner attached to the starting putty. It is necessary to press the element to ensure a snug fit to the box. After removing the corners, the connecting seams are glued with a grid and filled with putty. When the finish of the seams is dry, the entire surface of the duct will be puttyed. This procedure occurs more than once, each layer gradually removes all irregularities. The finishing layer is very thin. Another secret is the use of starting and finishing putty from one manufacturer, this guarantees the compatibility of materials. Dried putty requires grinding the surface. To do this, first use a large, and then fine sandpaper.
The box is assembled in the same way as described above. But there are some details that should be considered. It is necessary to make racks-suspensions of the ceiling profile. For this purpose, the profile should be cut, the size equal to the height of the box. On one side, make cuts along the folds, 40-50 mm high and fold the back wall inwards. The number of such blanks should be calculated so that they are installed every 60 cm along the length of the entire box. Insert the prepared stand-suspension into the guide profile on the ceiling with an uncut side and fasten it with a self-tapping screw.
Now you need to make a blank of the ceiling profile. From it you cut the profile along the length equal to the bottom of the box. Consider the fact that the lower length will be different from the upper one, since there should be a shelf below to install the backlight. That is, the length of the section of the profile should be more than 5 cm from the length of the bottom of the box. This distance is quite enough to place the LED strip there. With one end, insert the blank into the guide profile on the wall with the shelves up and fix with screws. The other end is fastened with a rack-suspension. It is important to maintain an angle of 90 °.
Making the frame
The result is a box with a protruding profile. Speakers should be silenced. To do this, paste on them cut pieces of the profile corresponding to the length. This will serve as the basis for mounting the drywall strip, and the LED strip will be mounted on top.
Now you can sheathe the box. In conclusion, it remains to build the backlight. To do this, you must first purchase:
To select the appropriate power supply, you must determine the power of the LED tape. To do this, measure the perimeter of the entire niche and multiply the resulting figure by the power of a meter of tape.But this is not all, since such nuances should be taken into account:
The tape must be glued to the shelf made. When everything is packed, you can connect it to the power supply.
If we talk about the size of the box, it will depend on what you want to mask behind it. For example, it could be wiring, water pipes, gas pipes, the ventilation duct, and so on. If the backlight is installed, the size should be sufficient so that you can install the power supply and LED strip.
A properly mounted box will decorate a room and will last for many years.
This is how you can make a drywall box yourself:
In combination with a stretch ceiling
With a stretch ceiling
Hidden LED backlight
With lighting in the kitchen
Box with niche
Along the perimeter of the niche for lighting
Box with side point illumination
Drawing of the box design
Location of the LED tape
Layout of the plasterboard box
Construction of drywall
Scheme of the ceiling box without illumination