Many people want to put linoleum, laminate, parquet, tile or carpet on the floor made of wood. Before you get down to business, they are often faced with the question of how to level the wooden floor? Leveling work is not easy. However, following all the recommendations, you can get a perfectly flat and practical surface that will last a very long time.
The plan for leveling a wooden floor with plywood.
Wood for the floor refers to materials that require regular maintenance. The tree is subject to warping, cracking and drying. If you level the wooden floor, you can eliminate a significant portion of such defects. It is especially important to carry out these works before laying the flooring. Today alignment can be carried out by such methods:
Consequently, the tools are varied. These are:
The leveling scheme of the wooden floor with a wet screed.
In order to decide which methodology to apply for alignment, it is worth examining the floor and identifying all defects, making an assessment of its condition. The first thing to start working with is to inspect the boards, whether they are damaged by rot or insects. To do this, it is necessary to tear off the board and inspect its back side and the lags on which it is fixed. If the surface of the back side is clean, dry, and there are no visible signs of damage, the board is mounted back. If various defects were found, then such an element should definitely be replaced, since it will not last long.
The second criterion for evaluating the condition of a wooden floor is the degree of deviation from the horizontal plane. This test is best done using a laser level. If there is no such level, you should use the usual assembly level, but it will take a little longer.
To carry out such an alignment, apply a solution, which includes cement, sand and fine crushed stone or screenings. Using this technique, you can achieve the following result:
Wood floor scraping scheme.
In order to carry out all the work yourself, you need to prepare a solution or purchase the finished product in the store. With self-preparation, additional additives may be added to the solution, which will significantly increase its technical qualities. After the screed is applied to the surface, no cracks should form on it during the drying process.
Before proceeding to the screed, it is necessary to mark with a level. After the marking is done, you can prepare the surface. To do this, it removes all dust and dirt. If there are sufficiently large gaps between the boards or cracks on the surface, they must first be painted over with a solution and allowed to dry slightly. In order to level the floor with a coupler, it is necessary to install beacons, thanks to which the surface will be flat. Cement mortar is poured into the space between the installed beacons and leveled using the rule. The screed dries out within 8-18 hours, but it is possible to exploit this floor no earlier than after 4 days.
Advantages of the method:
Disadvantages of the method:
Laying the wood floor with putty.
Scraping can be called the easiest method of leveling and renovating a wooden floor. But at the same time, this method requires very large labor costs. Most often, this technique is used in the event that the wooden floor is covered with varnish or paint. The scraping can be performed both manually and mechanically. For large rooms, the use of the manual method is almost futile. For this function, it is best to use special machines that do their job much faster and with better quality.
Stages of scraping work
Today, the leveling method using putty and PVA glue is very popular. To level the wooden base, preparing a mixture based on sawdust and PVA. After application and drying, the base is very durable and difficult to work.
Using the PVA-based putty, you can treat all the defective places on the surface.
The main stages of work:
Only after several days can you start laying the flooring.
In some cases, an additional layer of plywood, drywall or chipboard is needed on such a layer, this will provide greater strength and reliability.
This method is the most popular and practical today. As a result, the surface is perfectly flat and smooth, which makes it possible to use almost any floor covering. The main thing - to comply with certain recommendations when installing plywood.
Plywood is attached to the floor with screws. It is very important to control that their caps are slightly buried in plywood, otherwise they may further damage the coating.
Today you can level the wooden floor using any method, the main thing is to make the right choice. Staging of work and compliance with the technologies will provide an opportunity to get a quality result and the basis on which any kind of flooring can be laid.
Didn't find the answer in the article? More information on the topic:
How to level the floor in a new building with your own hands?
Instructions on how to level the floor in a new building with serious drops in the horizontal surface of the base. Preparation and leveling of floors using log or cement-sand screed.