Thermal insulation of the bath is necessary in order to reduce the consumption of energy and wood. In a non-insulated design, the temperature quickly decreases, and it is much more difficult to heat it. Therefore, planning the construction, it is necessary to simultaneously plan and isolation. After all, the process begins with the laying of the foundation. Various impregnations for these purposes will not work. Especially when it comes to the interior of the building. They quickly evaporate due to high temperatures. Therefore, you must immediately select the necessary materials.
In this article we will explain how to trim the structure from the inside, give explanatory photo and video instructions.
First you need to select a material, but not everyone will do. After all, it must meet a variety of requirements so that it can be used here.
One of the most important material requirements is non-toxicity. Because under the influence of temperature toxic materials can easily cause poisoning. Non-hygroscopicity is also important, the insulation should in no way absorb moisture.
All materials can be divided into mineral, organic and chemical.
The best price / quality ratio is one of the main criteria that most owners follow when choosing materials. Fiberglass mats are one of the materials that meets all the criteria.
Ceiling Thermal insulation of the ceiling is best done using stone (basalt) wool. This material is well suited for walls. It can be used in the waiting room, and in the steam room. Additionally, you need to purchase foiled vapor barrier.
After finishing work on the ceiling, walls can also be trimmed in the same way.
If after some time it was detected on the surface condensate, it is necessary to additionally conduct insulation of the ceiling with expanded clay. Expanded clay - bulk material, it is placed in the attic between the boards. From above, you can cover the material with glass mat.
In order to walk freely in the attic, the surface must be coated with clay. You can also put a layer of boards on top. Expanded clay - a good tool for thermal insulation of the roof.
A lot of heat can also go through the floor . Before isolating the floor in the bath, it is necessary to choose the optimal material. Good for this fit all the same expanded clay, which was used for the roof and ceiling. It eliminates not only the rapid decrease in the temperature of the room, but also from the appearance of condensation and mold. You can also put slag instead of expanded clay. Material should be placed between the floor log.
This method is also suitable for a concrete floor. However, it is desirable to isolate the concrete by itself.
Concrete floor has one main advantage: it serves 3-4 times longer than wooden. If the wooden one needs to be changed after 10 years, then the concrete - only after 30.
Expanded clay is put between the layers of concrete.
Concrete flooring may be cold and unaesthetic. Therefore, it is better to lay tiles on top of it.
Windows and doors should also be insulated. Gaps can be the reason that the room will always show through. In order to minimize losses, it is necessary to think through the construction of windows and doors at the construction stage.
When installing windows, one should not forget that there must be air exchange in the room. Therefore, the window must always be present. This is important not only for people's health, but also for materials. Indeed, the lack of ventilation can lead to the formation of fungus.
Entrance doors can be insulated with various materials. As for the doors of the steam room, then there is one method: it is necessary to make this opening small. If you look at the device of most baths, you will notice that in some places the door to the steam room is very small and low.
Everything should be carried out comprehensively. You can not insulate some parts of the structure, and at the same time forget about others. If the whole process is done correctly, then the room will perfectly keep the temperature.
The steam room is insulated more carefully, usually it additionally raises the floor. In other parts of the facility do not.
It is not recommended to save on materials, because then you have to carry out all the work again. Quality materials will serve more than one year, providing savings on fuel.
The method of thermal insulation is described in the following video: