A spacious and cozy veranda or, as it is fashionable to say today, the terrace is a great place for both secluded relaxation and for holding cheerful, tumultuous parties with friends in the warm season. A competently designed veranda with an original design can immediately become a real decoration of the facade of any private house. Of course, the best construction of a veranda to lay in the main project of the construction of the house. But do not be upset if you have not done this prudently, because this type of room can be attached at any time.
In this article we will explain how to attach the porch to the house with your own hands, consider the options of a polycarbonate veranda, as well as an open veranda, give photos and video instructions.
Porch of a Country House
As a rule, have a veranda in front of the main facade, but it is not forbidden to place it in front of the side facade, if necessary. It is important that the veranda is clearly visible from the gate (the main entrance to the courtyard) and have access to the rooms of the house.
The defining role in calculating the length of the veranda is played by the length of the facade of the house, along which it will be completed. With the width, everything is much simpler, usually it is about two and a half meters.
Before proceeding to construction, do not forget to prepare the workplace, that is, to clear the area, dismantle the porch and the visor above the entrance.
Pillar foundations for the veranda
For a frame or wooden veranda well a columnar foundation is suitable, i.e., a foundation with the installation of masonry pillars under the corner posts.
It is recommended to dig holes under the posts to a depth of more than a meter - this will be more reliable.
For a light verandah of small size, it will be enough to place columns in the corners, and for a more overall extension, you should install intermediate stands with additional columns (50 cm steps).
Sequence of works on foundation construction:
Frame of the veranda, as a rule It is made of wooden bars, the size of the cross section of which is 120x80 or 100x200. For the same purpose, logs are sometimes used (with a diameter of ≤ 12 cm).
Begin erecting a wooden frame, usually from the bottom trim (preferably double). Connections bars should be made direct lock. At the level of the second log, logs and vertical stands with spikes (50x50) are cut into the harness. Fasten the entire structure with nails, and for greater reliability using brackets.
The most correct distance between the supporting columns is 50 cm, but, as practice shows, this value is greater.
The rafter roof system and top piping are mounted on racks. Racks can serve as solid wooden beams, as well as connected two boards (section 120x40) with a gasket between them. To attach the rafters use a horizontal beam passing under the slope of the roof of the house. Beam and stand should be fastened with anchor bolts. In the process of installing the frame of the veranda, make sure that the erected roof of the veranda is well joined to the roof of the house.
Of course, the roof of the veranda should be an extension of the roof houses. It is recommended to perform it from the same roofing material, but other types are also allowed. Roofing material is attached to a wooden crate. The batten is mounted either at intervals or closely (depending on the type of roof).
Construction of the base
Usually the floor is made wooden, taking as a material wooden boards, covered with antiseptic in advance.
The veranda can be left open, or you can build walls by constructing them from wooden shields or clapboards. In the second version do not forget to take care of the windows.
Do not overly warm the walls of the veranda, because it is considered a summer room for rest.
After the floor, frame and roof of the veranda have been made, you can proceed to the paneling of the structure with polycarbonate. So, you get a light and light veranda on which you can have fun during the warm season.
Polycarbonate is a translucent material made from carbonic acid polyesters. It is produced in the form of cellular or monolithic panels. In cellular polycarbonate there are cavities between stiffeners that connect two sheets to each other. They are often replaced with glass in the arrangement of the verandas. This is due to a number of positive material properties.
Although polycarbonate appeared on the construction market not so long ago, it is very popular among consumers. Why? The reason for this is the unique properties of the material, which has no analogues on the market today:
If you do not have much experience in construction, then do not worry. You can master and implement this technology. Initially, the foundation should be made, the elements of the frame should be fixed in it. After complete hardening of concrete, you can begin to manufacture the frame. How to make the foundation and frame of wood has already been described in the article.
In this case, a thin-walled galvanized sigma profile will be used to manufacture the metal frame. Features of the installation of the frame:
If you have made a frame from rolled steel, it should be treated with a primer and then painted with metal paint. Thus, you protect the frame from corrosion.
Now you need to cut the polycarbonate to fit it to the required size. This can be done with an electric jigsaw. It is important to note that the sheets should be tightly pressed to the surface.
If you cut polycarbonate too fast with a jigsaw, it will melt, and if this work is done too slowly, then the material will burst.
To create a temperature play in the process of assembling polycarbonate sheets, it is necessary to ensure that the screws are not clamped against the stop. In addition, when installing polycarbonate, gaskets should be laid under the washers without fail. This will protect the material from damage and leaks. The holes in the polycarbonate should be slightly larger than the diameter of the screws. So, at temperature drops, polycarbonate will narrow and expand without being deformed.
Wooden veranda with polycarbonate roof
The roof is installed according to the scheme already described in this article. If you wish, you can also make it out of polycarbonate. In this case, your building will be very bright. Polycarbonate is laid on the roof on the same principle as on the walls.
The open veranda is a frame structure without walls, and the roof is installed on beams. This design has several advantages and disadvantages.
Of the indisputable advantages of an open veranda, the following should be noted:
Like all man-made things, an open-type building has drawbacks :
The open-air porch is not glazed and walls are not erected on it. It is often used as a gazebo. Build it frame way.
For construction you will need:
With the method of manufacturing the foundation you have already read, therefore we will miss this item in our description of the construction of an open type of construction. And immediately proceed to the features of the device floors.
To make a high-quality installation of the floor, you must first prepare the base. To do this, the land is leveled and ground first. Adjustable supports can serve as supports for logs. Moreover, their number will directly depend on the planned loads on the floor. This idea is great for open-air verandas.
Then install the logs on the adjustable feet and fasten them. Thanks to these supports, you can adjust the slope of the floor and level it. Installation of boards begins with the edge of the veranda parallel to the lags. Boards should be smooth and dry. They should be laid close. Fastening boards to the logs is carried out with nails or screws on wood.
The wooden floor is short-lived, as it does not withstand prolonged exposure to an aggressive environment. If you want to make a more durable floor on the veranda, then you can replace the boards with a decking or as it is also called a deck board.
The device of the frame and the roof does not differ from the technology described in this article.
To make the wooden elements of the open veranda last longer, they should be impregnated with special antiseptics and covered with paint and varnish products. Among other things, these actions will highlight the tree structure and help make the extension more attractive.
The lower part of the veranda also needs finishing. To do this, you can use the slats, which are fixed at an angle of 45º, forged elements or balusters. If you use wooden or plastic lining for this, then under it you will need to make a frame of bars.
To finish the ceiling and gable you need to use the same material. It can be wooden lining or OSB plates. At this stage it is important to conduct electrical cables to illuminate the veranda and to make appropriate holes in the headlining.
How to build a porch porch, see the following video:
Winter glazed veranda
Extension of a winter veranda