The toilet is an essential attribute of sanitary ware of any modern bathroom. The first models of toilet bowls were made in the troubled times of the Middle Ages, mainly to meet the natural needs of the then nobility and people with very high incomes. Today, almost everyone can afford to buy a new toilet. However, most of us, going to the plumbing store, as a rule, ask a logical question: how to choose a toilet of good quality, and even the price so as not to be too high, this is what will be discussed further
The cost of a toilet bowl varies depending on its type, type of bowl, material from which it is made, certain specific details in a particular design, but the tendency is that The total cost of plumbing is determined by the country of manufacturer For example, a ceramic toilet in different countries will cost differently. Pricing is influenced by customs duties, technological and raw material powers of a particular country, and, of course, product quality.
Conventionally, the toilet bowls presented for sale can be divided into three price classes:
Almost 80% of domestic products manufactured on an industrial scale can be attributed to budget toilet. It is impossible to say unequivocally that all the toilet bowls of Russian production are of low quality. No, mainly low cost is determined by the absence of duties and transportation costs. In general, the quality of domestic products is quite tolerable, and if we are talking about a foreign company that has a production branch in our country, then in this case, it is sometimes possible to buy a toilet of very good quality practically at our Russian prices.
Also quite often, toilets plumbing include toilet bowls made in China. These guys love to make products of average quality, but they don’t particularly pick up the price. If we are talking about installing a toilet in an office, medical or educational institution, the purchase of budget plumbing would be the best option.
Plumbing of the middle price segment, on the Russian market is represented mainly by manufacturers from countries such as Finland, the Czech Republic or Poland. A very small share of toilet bowls at average market prices is imported from Turkey and Spain. As a rule, the cost of toilet bowls imported from these countries varies between 150-250 US dollars. However, among the Spanish products can sometimes be found models of toilets, the price of which may exceed $ 400.
Toilets, which can be called elite luxury sanitary ware, are imported into our country mainly from Germany, Austria and Sweden. These countries have long established themselves as manufacturers of high-quality plumbing. On average, the price of the toilet, for example, from Germany ranges from 300-550 dollars. Of course, much still depends on which company’s toilet to choose, because, as you know, a firm is a company.
Since we are mainly talking about how to choose a toilet for the house, then, in fact, the plumbing itself should be chosen based on the layout and bathroom space.
The most common models of toilet bowls:
The leg, which is mounted fixedly in a certain place, is a base, smoothly moving into an expanded bowl. Installation of the base to the coupler is carried out using anchor bolts and clamping nuts. It is often possible to find models on sale in which the kit includes an additional skirt that is able to completely cover the bottom of the toilet bowl. This skirt successfully protects the lower base of the plumbing from premature contamination, that is, it becomes much easier to wet-clean the outer surface of the toilet.
A floor-standing toilet is well suited to the layout with a separate bathroom or, if the toilet is combined with the bathroom, the total area of the room exceeds 6 square meters. m.
Another option for a floor-mounted toilet bowl is devices that can be installed in a corner.
Corner toilets have a special shape of the cistern and the back of the bowl, which allows them to be installed in the corner of the room.
In all other cases, if the bathroom area is small, then in order to save space, the toilet type of the toilet type will be optimal.
In the suspended toilets there is no foot - base and, moreover, when installing them, the toilet can be mounted as close as possible to the wall.
The toilet is fixed on the wall plane by means of a metal frame integrated into the wall, which is fixed using special anchors or welding.
In addition to floor and wall-hung toilet bowls, it is much less common to find toilets of auxiliary type on sale. A ladder toilet, if figuratively speaking, is a hybrid of a floor and wall-mounted toilet. That is, the plumbing has a base mounted on the floor surface, but the toilet itself is installed close to the rear wall. At the same time the drain tank is located in the thickness of the wall. Why this type of toilet is less popular is difficult to explain. Most likely, it’s just a matter of habit.
Toilet bowls come in the following forms:
In the funnel-shaped bowl, the drain hole is located almost in the center. As a rule, most of the sewage immediately falls into the drain, and when draining the water in the drain tank, the remaining sewage on the surface is washed off completely. It is safe to advise buying a toilet bowl with a funnel-shaped bowl to all those who are puzzled by the question of how to choose the right toilet without splashes, so as not to regret it. Spray will not be absolutely, yes, and besides, use an additional brush is almost not necessary.
The plate cup is characterized by the fact that the drain hole is slightly displaced forward, and there is a slight depression in the water flow path from the drain fitting to the drain. During operation, all products of human life initially do not fall into the drain, but into a dish-like depression, from which they are subsequently washed out under the pressure of the drained water in the tank. When installing a toilet bowl dish with a bowl, it is often necessary to further adjust the operation of the drain tank and adjust the amount of water supplied for flushing. The fact is that in a dish-shaped bowl with excessive pressure, turbulence can occur in the water flow, which, in fact, can lead to splashes.
In the visor toilet bowl, the sewer drain hole is also approximately forward. However, in the place where there is a groove in the cup-shaped bowl, on the contrary, in the visor bowl, there is a small protruding radius bend. During operation, most of the sewage rolls down the side of the bowl directly into the drain, and the remaining residues are washed out with water pressure. Toilets with a visor bowl, as well as a funnel-shaped bowl, very rarely produce water splashing.
In modern toilet bowls, the sewage flush is performed in two ways:
The direct flushing system is characterized by the fact that water moves almost along a straight path from the tank's drain hole bowl wall to the sink. Because of the direct trajectory of the water flow, the direct discharge is also called cascading or horizontal.
In principle, this drain system was implemented in almost all models of toilets manufactured during the USSR.
+ The advantage of a direct drain is that in one go, by lowering a powerful stream of water you can wash off all the sewage located in the center of the bowl.
- Lack of direct discharge - during descent the water flow does not embrace or slightly bathes the inner surfaces of the bowl, as a result it is necessary to use a brush.
Reverse circular flush, or as it is also called - the ring or shower system, is radically different from the above-described flush. In the shower system, water does not flow in a straight path, and when the tank is lowered, the head moves along a kind of annular chute and flows evenly over the entire area of the bowl.
+ The advantage of the inverse circular system is that there is almost no noise and, during the washout, the entire surface of the bowl is washed evenly.
- Disadvantages of a circular system - plumbing, in which this system is implemented, costs much more than toilets with a direct drain.
There is also a great risk that after a few years the drain holes located in the groove under the rim may become clogged due to salt deposits.
Asking how to choose a toilet to wash well, as a rule, you have to choose from “two evils.” In the first case, plumbing will cost less , but sometimes it will be necessary to resort to the help of a brush. In the second case, plumbing will cost more, but the toilet will always be clean and tidy.
The system is designed to compensate for splashes during operation of the toilet bowl.It should be noted that the markings of many toilet bowls indicate the presence of such an option, but in practice you should not trust manufacturers' advertising tricks. You can make the right choice on your own by studying how the system works and what it consists of.
Some consultants in plumbing stores are trying to tell the customer that the anti-splash is an inclined wall on the inside surface of the device, along which water flows slowly, thus not forming splashes. Such an explanation can not be real and suggests that either the seller is illiterate, or is trying to sell a product that does not have an anti-splash system.
Anti-splash in the toilet is a drain hole, made in a special geometric shape, which is maximally narrowed and recessed into the bottom of the toilet. In addition, the hole is offset relative to the axis of symmetry to one of the sides, and the level of the water column in the hole is significantly lowered. In addition, along its contour a circular bezel is designed, which performs additional compensation functions.
The photo shows the anti-splash system in all its glory.
Looking at and taking into account the optical distortions caused by water in the photo, you can determine that the drain hole is very narrow, and the water level is unusually low.
Considering the option for a purchase, you must determine the water level in the unconnected product, which, as you know, should be the lowest. This skill is useful for choosing a high-quality toilet with an anti-splash system.
From the physics course, it is known that according to the law of communicating vessels, the level in the toilet will be determined by the lower point of the outlet located on the back side.
To determine the water level, it is enough to mentally draw a line parallel to the floor through the lowest point of the toilet outlet channel and determine the water column in the drain hole from the level of this line.
Anti-splash criteria for any shape, size, color of the toilet bowl are the same. Taking them as a basis, you can be sure that the selected toilet will meet the desires and bring only pleasure.
I must immediately say that any of these types of sewage discharge does not have any disadvantages or advantages. Plumbing manufacturers are specially developing models with different releases in order to facilitate the installation and connection of the toilet to the sewer system. That is, going to the store to buy a new toilet, it is necessary to visually inspect the location of the sewer pipe and its socket in the bathroom. Based on how the socket is located - the entrance to the sewer pipe, make the choice of a toilet bowl with a certain type of release.
Toilet bowl models come in three types of sewers:
Models with an oblique release - set in case the socket is either under the slope or very close to the floor surface. For example, after dismantling the old toilet, a screed was made, perhaps even with a warm floor or insulation, as a result, the entrance to the sewer began to be located just a few centimeters above the floor base.
Horizontal Release Models are purchased if the socket located on the riser is raised above the floor level bathroom by 5-10 cm. Or, in cases where the sewer pipe is located in the thickness of the screed, and above the floor rises the L-shaped inlet socket.
Models with vertical release. Since it is necessary to choose a toilet in a particular room with existing communications, there are cases when the sewage system runs horizontally under the screed, and the socket itself is not located near the wall, but pushed forward, for example, by 40-60 cm. In this case, you can install a toilet with a vertical outlet in the place where the entrance to the sewer is located, and the horizontal outlet and the socket can be connected using a short corrugated cuff.
The drain tank connected to the toilet can be joint - mounted on the back shelf of sanitary equipment, or separate - located separately from the toilet bowl on the wall plane or installed directly into the wall.
The joint method of tank mounting is a classic variant when the entire plumbing equipment is a single whole. Installing such a tank is easier, easier and cheaper. Installation of the tank on the rear shelf of the toilet is carried out using two bronze or stainless bolts using rubber sealing gaskets.
This mounting method is good because, if necessary, the drain tank can be quickly replaced with a new one due to simple installation.
The separate drain tank is a good solution for sanitary facilities with a small area. If you purchase a toilet without a rear shelf, for example, a wall-mounted or an attached shelf, then the toilet itself, located close to the wall, will occupy less useful space. The tank itself can be placed on the wall surface under the ceiling itself, or an additional concrete piping can be made and the tank can be installed in the rear load-bearing wall (or a false wall can be built). I must say that if you mount the drain tank on the wall, you can get another advantage - a more powerful water pressure in the bowl. This can help to both save water and improve the hygienic condition of the toilet.
For fixing such a toilet bowl and its cistern an installation is used, which is fixed in the wall.
On the windows of plumbing stores you can find toilet bowls from the following materials:
Consider the main nuances of each specified material.
Toilet bowls made from faience are the cheapest and most popular. Faience is a type of white ceramic with a finely porous structure. To reduce the hygroscopicity of the material, that is, so that the porous material slightly absorbs moisture, the surface of the earthenware is covered with special enamel. The color of the enamel can be white, beige, turquoise, yellowish - this does not affect the technical indicators. The lack of faience toilets reduces to the fact that in the process of long-term operation, protective glazed enamel can wear out under certain mechanical effects. When the enamel is abraded, the moisture begins to absorb abundantly into the finely porous structure of the earthenware, which leads to an overall decrease in the plumbing strength. Simply put, the toilet can burst under the weight of an obese person. However, you should not be immediately frightened; a toilet from faience can honestly serve its 10-15 years.
Porcelain used for the manufacture of sanitary ware, as well as faience made from white clay varieties. However, in the production process, quartz and feldspar are additionally introduced into the white clay grades, which, under the influence of a certain temperature, makes it possible to obtain a material that is less porous and more durable than earthenware. Porcelain toilet bowls are also coated with enamel glaze, but its abrasion is much slower. If during the long-term operation the enamel was slightly wiped off, as a rule, due to the high strength and low hygroscopicity of porcelain, this does not lead to the destruction of plumbing. The price of porcelain toilet bowls is on average 30-50% higher than the cost of sanitary ware from faience. The approximate lifetime of 20-25 years.
Stainless steel is used as a material for the manufacture of this sanitary equipment, which is a priori unable to absorb moisture and practically no various impurities stick to the smooth surface of which. Another advantage of steel toilets is high strength. One can even say - anti-vandal strength, which makes the use of steel toilets very popular in public crowded places. The warranty period is almost unlimited, but the price for this item of hygiene is usually higher than the cost of even toilet bowls made of porcelain.
Cast iron toilets are relatively rare in the range of plumbing stores. This is due to their low popularity. They have great weight, bulkiness and relatively short lifespan. Although cast iron is protected from rust and corrosion by enamel applied to its surface, cast iron is still brittle metal. Usually these toilets are used in public places with a small number of people.
Toilets made from decorative varieties of marble or artificial stone are the perfect solution for true connoisseurs of such styles in the interior as baroque, empire or classicism. Of course, this item of plumbing is more expensive than all the above types, but in addition to the unique design and decoration, toilet bowls made of marble have such a positive quality as increased hygiene. The bottom line is that the surface of the marble is polished in the factory to such an extent that it can only be compared with glass in terms of smoothness. It is enough to put even the weakest water pressure to drain, in order to wash off all impurities almost to the smallest particles.
Plastic toilet bowls are mainly made of acrylic. There are models in which there is a multi-layered, fiberglass-reinforced structure.They are distinguished by their low weight, simple installation and low cost. Among the shortcomings, we can single out the low strength of the product, susceptibility to temperature extremes and a relatively short lifespan. It is often preferred to buy a plastic toilet bowl for installing it in the country.
Toilets - bidets are widely popular. At first, the bidet was highly appreciated by representatives of Islamic culture. By virtue of religious canons, they do not use paper, but are washed away. However, many enterprising Europeans quickly adopted such a way to go to the toilet, due to the fact that it is more hygienic than using paper. In our country, the bidet began to be operated relatively recently, but the demand for this type of toilets is constantly growing.
Another popular upgrade is auto wash. A very useful invention, especially for forgetful "citizens" or just for those who are used to keep clean.
Heated seating is a useful innovation for the female half of humanity, especially in the winter season. Naturally, the heating can be carried out, as in the automatic mode - continuously, and to operate at the moment of the beginning of using the toilet.