If your toolkit still lacks a tool such as a hacksaw, or you have a lot of inconvenience when working with it, it's time to correct the situation and get a good saw, having thoroughly understood all the characteristics of the tool.
Hacksaws differ in blade size, steel grade, tooth shape, and handle. Now in more detail about each aspect.
Types of hacksaw blades
Particular attention should be paid to the blade hacksaw. The cutting capabilities of the saw itself depend on its quality characteristics. If the blade is long, then when sawing hard woods: oak, ash or maple, there will be difficulties, as the blade will spring back, which will make it necessary to make more efforts to complete the work.
When it is necessary to perform work on sawing small elements: baseboards, slats, a blade length of up to 30 cm will suffice. To cut thicker bars or even logs, you need a tool with a cutting length of at least 45 cm.
Here is the simplest rule for determining the optimal length of the blade, which will minimize the effort spent on sawing: the length of the cutting part must be twice the thickness of the cut part. Too short a hacksaw will constantly get stuck inside the element being cut, and you will quickly get tired.
As for the width of the canvas, we choose the middle ground. If it is too narrow, then there is a risk of breaking the tool during its bending, and during work with too wide a web there will be inconveniences. The width should be in the range from 10 to 20 cm.
The blade of the hacksaw is made of tool alloyed steel, grade U10, U8GA, U8G, U8A, U8, U7A, U7, 9 XC, 8 HF, 9 HF, U9A, 60 C2A, 65G.
The accepted hardness parameters of the alloy of the cutting part of the saw are considered to be 45. But still choose a blade that has large hardness parameters: 55-60 HRC. Such a tool has the necessary flexibility and at the same time, strong teeth. Such teeth have a characteristic darkish tint.
Teeth come in different sizes
We are interested in the sizes of the teeth . There is such a factor: "TPI" (the number of teeth on the canvas per inch). For example, to work with chipboard, TPI should be about 7-9 (meaning 7 to 9 teeth per inch). If the work is coming mainly garden: sawing logs, branches, then fit more rare teeth - from 3 to 6 teeth per inch.
Saw blades with sparse and large “teeth” can set a high cutting speed, however, at the same time, the cut will be chipped. The blade, where the number of teeth is larger and their size is smaller, on the contrary, leaves behind a clean cut, without burrs, but the speed of work is rather low.
Do not rush to conclude that the best hacksaws have red-hot teeth. Indeed, at home, the use of such a tool for a long time does not lead to wear of the teeth. However, re-sharpen them no longer work. When the teeth are blunt, the tool will only be thrown away.
Sharpening the saw
But the usual, non-hardened tooth can be sharpened. To sharpen the saw, it is enough to take a special file, which is marked in the form of an abbreviation of three letters: an accident (for turning saws), and walk on each tooth.
saw sharpening techniques There are several types of manual hacksaws:
These types of hacksaws can be distinguished:
Also saws are:
Types of saws
Among tourists, the most popular is the folding saw. In appearance, it resembles a large folding knife, in which a serrated canvas snaps into the handle. First, you do not need a special cover, and, secondly, such a saw takes up little space. Such folding saws are able to saw through a tree trunk up to 14 cm, which makes it an indispensable tool in long hikes.
So, we looked at the main types of hacksaws: according to their purpose and characteristics they are very different from each other. Therefore, before buying a tool of one type or another, ask yourself a few questions:
The tool handle should also not be forgotten when choosing a saw. It is better to buy a tool with a solid-cast handle, where, as a rule, there is a rubberized insert for the fingers. Such rubber substrates allow you to make a closer grip with the hand, which will save you from the appearance of corns.