A warm, fast-built, not too expensive, but at the same time quite reliable house is the dream of any owner. And if it is still possible to build it almost completely with your own hands, then such a private cottage becomes very attractive for land owners.
But what kind of building will fully meet all these requirements?
Our answer is a frame house.
Frame house under construction
Today frame housing construction most popular in the USA and Canada. It was there that several centuries ago, when developing large areas, the main material for building construction was wood, which was used very economically (in the form of a bar and planks, and not like in Russia, it was accepted by whole logs). At the same time, the buildings needed to be built quickly (in a few weeks or a month, and not in a couple of years) and with a minimum of costs. In addition, those Europeans who mastered the new lands had no opportunity to build brick factories or fill deep concrete foundations literally from scratch.
The lightweight wooden frame construction of the house was a way out of this situation. Over time (and the development of colder northern territories), the walls turned into a real sandwich with an effective thermal insulation material inside.
Of course, this type of construction can be found not only in America, but also in Europe and Scandinavia, where for several centuries one-, two-story houses, and three-, four-story buildings of various purposes have been erected in this way.
But in Russia such house-building (in its current form) became popular only in recent decades.
Arranging the walls of the frame house
The frame building is a structure consisting of supporting beams and columns (usually wooden, which allows construction to be carried out on their own without the use of special construction equipment), between which there is an insulated insulation. Polystyrene (polyurethane foam, polystyrene foam), mineral wool or "Ecowool" are usually used as a thermal insulation material.
Outside, the insulation protects the cement-shaving plate, OSB plate or moisture-resistant plywood.
"Sandwich" construction of a frame house is relatively easy (compared to brick or small block buildings) and therefore does not require the construction of a cumbersome strip foundation (you can restrict yourself to a solid concrete slab or columnar base).
The Foundation, besides transferring the load from the whole building to the ground, also raises the structure above ground level, thereby preventing moisture from penetrating into it (this is especially important for frame houses having wooden elements).
Filling of the base for the frame house
There are two options for the construction of frame houses:
We will consider the second option:
Any construction begins with the development of the project, frame housing construction in this case is no exception, since it is much easier to foresee all the nuances and dimensions first paper and do not suffer then with the adjustment of materials directly on the construction site. A suitable model project can be found on the Internet, but if you want to build something very individual, it is better to order the project documentation in the project group or in an organization engaged in the construction of such houses. The project must have foundation drawings, floor plans, facade and cuts, as well as roofing and floor plans.
Device for the frame of the frame house
In accordance with the project, the foundation of the building is initially performed. Most often choose the column type, whose elements on top are connected by a grillage into one rigid structure. Work on the construction of this type of foundation can be done independently (with the help of one or two assistants).
When casting a grillage (or one continuous reinforced concrete slab, which will be the basis for the frame), it is necessary to check the horizontal position of its upper surface.
While the foundation is gaining the strength you need (it takes about a month), you can buy material for building a house (the required number and dimensions should be calculated according to the project):
Mounting the corner stand of the frame
Do not forget to prepare a tool for working with wood, and also building level, roulette, punch and other necessary "little things".
The next stage is the processing of all the lumber used in the construction of the house with antiseptics (this will reduce the rate of wood decay) and fire retardants (the wood will be able to resist the effects of fire longer, and you will have a few extra minutes to leave the burning building) .
Installation of the binding beam
Now you can proceed to the construction of walls. Let's start with laying the bottom trim:
Next, we proceed as follows:
Methods of fastening a timber
Fastening the racks with the steel angle
Frame construction technology
The frame house on two floors
Tying using steel angle
With facing the block house
Cladding with clapboard
House on a wooden frame
If your budget allows, order the construction of a turnkey frame house. Alternative options can be at home from SIP panels, from sandwich panels, from a bar.