The Russian people like to bathe and can come up with everything so that they can save money, and the building does not take much space on the site, and so that it can be carried with them. This is a barrel bath, which is gaining more and more popularity due to its characteristics and design. According to many owners, this design is convenient, economical, beautiful and mobile. There is only one nuance - you can buy a ready-made bath on the market for 200-250 thousand rubles. The price is decent, but all costs can be reduced, because such a structure is easier and faster than building a similar purpose of cinder block or brick . You only need to spend money on the material and the stove. If you are a layman, this article will help you learn how to build such an unusual structure.
The device of the bath
What is such a bath? ? Most likely, you presented the usual wooden barrel. And you will be right, because the design looks like a barrel lying on its side. Its height, and hence the diameter, ranges from 2 to 3 m, depending on the desire of the developer. The length is also selected according to your needs. If you have a large family, or you want to steam with your friends, the length can be up to 6 meters. And when you need to steam, 2-4 people need 3 or 4 meters.
Such a bath can consist not only of a steam room. It is often equipped with a washing room, a shower room, a lounge, a veranda, or a dressing room. Outside, these sections will not be visible, the separation of the structure occurs inside, due to additional partitions. If there is a washing department, it is necessary to bring water and sewage.
The material from which such baths are made is wood. But not every type of wood is suitable for such works. To ensure comfort, it is important to immediately decide which wood to choose and how to build from it. After all, if an ordinary bath can be made from anything, and inside it can be sheathed with wood or other environmentally friendly material, then such a construction will have the same material inside and outside. For example, conifers cannot be used. The resin that is inside the tree will actively stand out when heated. The heated resin can even burn the skin.
The only coniferous species that is suitable for construction is cedar. Its health and aromatherapy properties have a beneficial effect on human health. In addition, the cedar is resistant to moisture and to various microorganisms, does not deform, does not shrink and does not crack under the influence of temperature. A variety of textured patterns and shades is important for the aesthetic design of the structure.
Often, when choosing a tree, they stop on oak, which is known for its strength and hardness of the structure. Such a bath will serve you for many years. Lipa is another breed that is often used. Linden couples have a beneficial effect on the skin, rejuvenating it, and the building itself will quickly warm up and keep warm.
The budget option can be called a construction of aspen. Its properties are very similar to those of linden, only aspen emits a bitter smell and is less durable.
Bath on wheels
This question may arise right away After all, you can make an ordinary bath of wood or brick, as everyone does. But this design has several advantages, due to which it is very popular.
Advantages of this option:
As you can see, there are enough advantages. Therefore, analyzing them and their capabilities, most developers choose this option. If you are reading this article, then you are also convinced of the practicality of this form.
Blanks for building a bath
First you need decide on the material from which to make a bath, as well as its design. To have an idea about the future construction, you can look at the various drawings and plans to choose the one that you like. It must contain all the data: length, width, diameter, etc. Then, based on the size, you need to prepare the following material:
Before performing work, all wooden elements must be covered with an antiseptic, so that the wood does not rot, and microorganisms, mold and fungus do not start there.
Because of the rounded shape of the bath, the wood needs to be prepared and cut. And the boards will be connected to each other in a spike-to-groove way. If you do not have the appropriate equipment to do this, it is better to order such treatment from specialists. Just show them the size drawings so that they cut it right. And in order to save material, time and effort, you can purchase a ready-made set of materials, which will only have to be assembled and installed, but it will cost much more. When you have prepared everything, you can proceed to construction.
Creating the base of the bath of the barrel
As already it was said that there is no need to dig a foundation pit and fill the foundation. It is enough to install it on a flat surface so as to exclude the contact of the tree with the soil. To prepare such a platform is quite simple, if you tamp and level the site and cover it with gravel or crushed stone.
The basis for such a bath can be made of floor slabs.
If there is no such flat platform, you can make a base of concrete. To do this, remove the top layer of soil, a depth of 15-20 cm. Install the formwork, put sand in the base, make a pillow 5-10 cm, and tamp it. After that, lay down the reinforcement and fill all with concrete. After 3 weeks you can collect the bath, it is then that the solution will fully strengthen.
Now we need to make a wooden base. Cross-section details will be made from cut boards 200 mm wide. If you decide to cut them yourself, then cut them into a rounded notch that follows the contours of the barrel. To keep everything smooth, use the pattern as a pattern. Cut the workpiece should not be more than half the width, that is, 100 mm. The number of such boards is determined by the length of the bath. As advised by professionals, they need to be installed in 1-1.5 m steps.
For reliability, the transverse parts can be connected with boards that are screwed along the mortgage boards with screws.
Assembly of end partitions
Now you need to assemble the end partitions. Their height and circumference depend on your plan. Connect the prepared boards, pressing them close to each other on a flat surface. To fasten them, use the transverse bars. Secure each board with screws to the crossbar. Also do not forget about the openings. Indeed, in the partitions should be doors and windows in the right places. Therefore, when fastening the transverse bars, pay attention to the fact that they do not interfere with the installation of window and door blocks. After the necessary number of partitions is assembled, you can proceed to the next step.
Assembly of the frame
Next the mortgages should be laid boards on the prepared base. All elements are connected by the thorn-groove method.
The boards cut beforehand to the required size are laid on the bottom. Fix them along the required circumference until it is sufficient for the installation of end partitions.Boards should be nailed to the base or fastened with screws.
Once this height has been reached, install the end partitions in the right places and continue to assemble the structure, securing the boards around the partitions. Each board must be nailed or screwed to the end of the partition with screws.
To simplify the task of installing partitions on the inside of the embedded boards where the partitions will be installed, you need to cut out the grooves whose width is equal to the width of the partition. Then install it will be much easier and faster.
The barrel is tightened with clamps
After you have laid the last plank, you must ensure rigidity designs. To do this, the barrel tightly iron hoops. To connect the ends of the hoop, use iron clamps. After a long service life, when the wood dries out a little, the clamps need to be tightened so that the gaps are minimal.
Interior design of the bath
It’s time to do the interior design of your bath. There is no less work here, as it is necessary to make the floor, shelves, put a drain, prepare a place for the stove, etc. But now everything is in order.
Now your bath is almost ready. In general, you can already exploit it. To protect against precipitation, it remains only to make a roof.
Installation of the roof
The final stage, which should be done - make the roof. There are several options:
Soft roof is mounted directly on top. But before installing the barrel must be covered with waterproofing material so that water does not penetrate the boards. After that you can lay the roofing material. To make a truss system, you need to prepare a wooden bar with a section of 50 * 50 mm and make the frame, and the roofing material will serve as metal tile or decking.
The last thing to do is to treat inside and outside with linseed oil or a special composition for baths. At this all work ends.
A bath barrel in the area
It will take you several days to complete the work, but the bath barrel will be long to please you, your family and friends. Staying in the steam room is good for blood vessels, the nervous system and the respiratory tract. In addition, this treatment is not only useful, but also nice!
You can set this bath anywhere
Stove in the bath
Mini-bath in the area
Bath near the pool
Bath between trees in the garden
The bath barrel fits into the design
Two saunas in the same area
A bathhouse on the quay
Device baths of a barrel with a shower
Drawing of a bath 2.5-5 m
Drawing of the bath barrel 5-2.4 m
H Certificate 3529-2040
Bath 5-2.5 m