Everybody was faced with a situation when it was necessary to cross a dark room to turn on the lights. This gives a lot of inconvenience, in such a situation it will be possible to install a switch that allows to control the lighting from different places. In this article we will tell you how to connect a loop switch, demonstrate the wiring diagram, and also show photos and video instructions.
Pass-through switches are used to turn on and off lighting fixtures from different ends of the room, corridor or on flight of stairs. The scheme of their work allows you not to return to the first device and turn off the light from a convenient place.
According to their performance, they are:
The design of the device determines the number of lighting devices connected to it and disconnect points. In addition to key management, there is a sensory model.
Device of a two-button switch with a switch
Any switch is for breaking the phase wire and de-energizing the electrical equipment, but the specificity of the pass-through switch is that by opening one circuit, it closes the contacts of the pair switch.
In contrast to a conventional device connected by two wires, a pass-through switch requires three-core switching. At its core, it is a switch that guides the voltage from one contact to another. The light turns on when the keys on both devices are in the same position and turns off when the position changes. Management can be carried out not only from two, but also from three or more places; for this, a cross switch is connected to the circuit, and if necessary, several. The one-button switch is equipped with three terminals. The two-button device has 5 terminals: two for connecting with switches and one common. The three-key switch has a more complicated device, but, having a circuit, it will not be difficult to understand this.
Control circuit of the through-switches
The wiring diagram is slightly different from the installation of conventional switches, but the presence of three wires instead of two makes you wonder. Consider the purpose of each of them. Two wires are used as jumpers between the switches in the room, and the third is used to feed the phase. Before you begin to connect a loop-through switch, purchase a switch box in which the wires will be connected.
The ends of the wires are released from the insulation by 2-3 cm - this is necessary for twisting . If the wires are connected by interconnecting pads, the wire is stripped no more than 1 cm. In the switchboard, the wire that supplies power from the switchboard is twisted to the input contact of the first switch. The two remaining output pins are connected to the same wires from the second device. The input contact of the second switch is twisted with a wire from the lamp. The zero wire from the lighting device is connected with the zero coming from the shield. All places twists are closed with electrical tape. The cross-section of wires for marching switches is selected by the power of controlled lighting.
Wiring diagram of double-button switches
It is advisable to install a two-button walk-through switch in a large room where it is necessary to control several lighting fixtures. Its design consists of two single switches in a common housing. Installing one device to control two groups allows you to save on laying the cable to each of the single-key switches.
Installation of a double pass switch
This device is used to turn on the light in the bathroom and toilet or in the corridor and on the landing, he is able to turn on lights in a chandelier in several groups. For installation of the switch through passage calculated on two bulbs, the greater quantity of wires is required. Each of them has six cores, since, unlike a simple two-button switch, the gateway does not have a common terminal. In essence, these are two independent switches in one housing. The switching circuit of the circuit breaker with two keys is performed in the following sequence:
Connecting a crossover switch
Two-way switches also use, if necessary, to control the lighting from three or four places. A double cross-type switch is installed between them. Its connection is provided by 8 wires, 4 for each limit switch. It is recommended to use junction boxes and label all cables for mounting complex connections with multiple wires. A standard box of Ø 60 mm will not accommodate a large number of wires, you will need to increase the size of the product or put some paired ones or purchase a distribution box of Ø 100 mm.
Wires in the junction box
It is important to remember that all work with electrical wiring and installation of devices is performed when voltage disconnected.
We also recommend reading the article "How to fix a light switch".
This video tells about the device, the principle of connecting and installing loop-through switches:
This video shows an experiment in which various methods were tested wire connections:
Wiring diagram of the connection
Principle of connection of through switches
Connection diagram of a two-button switch with connection through the junction box