Our time is filled with vanity, noise and other worries. Therefore, building a cozy and quiet corner, where you can get away from problems and where you can just relax from the daily routine, is gaining more popularity. This place can be called a gazebo, which not only decorates your site, but is also a great place where you can have fun and have a great time with your family or friends. The simplest option for the construction of such a building is an open gazebo. To build it quickly and it will not be difficult. However, it has its drawbacks. Such a room is not protected from weather conditions and cold, so in winter it is simply impossible to use a gazebo. Another thing - a gazebo closed, which is completely fenced from the external environment. It has a floor, walls, roof and is fully glazed. The device of such an arbor will cost more, and you need to build it longer, but your efforts will not be in vain, because you can use it all year round. Such a closed gazebo will serve you for a long time and will become a safe haven.
The octagonal closed arbor with a brazier
Despite the fact that building a closed gazebo with your own hands will be a little longer and more expensive than the usual one, it has many advantages. If you want to build a gazebo for home or for giving, you should know its advantages and features. Here are some of them:
The open gazebo includes only the supporting supports and the roof, while in the closed gazebo there are necessarily wall panels that are sheathed with glass. As walls can be used wood, forged products, as well as brick construction. It turns out that the building is completely fenced from external influence, therefore neither rain, nor strong wind, nor snow or leaves and other debris will get inside. Such an arbor can be equipped with beautiful furniture, paintings, mirrors, lamps and even a TV. It is enough just to warm the building, and it is ready for the cold period. Thus, for you the season of kebabs can last for a very long time. Moreover, the construction of such an arbor can be done with a barbecue or barbecue. And this is not the limit, if you have enough imagination, you can do everything you can think of, if, of course, you have the means to do so.
As can be seen, the closed gazebo differs in many ways from an open one, and these differences only endow such a structure with its advantages. So, if you intend to build such a multifunctional room on your plot, let's consider what material it can be built from and what are the features of each of them.
The first question that arises in any construction of a house, barn, gazebo or any other building - from which to build? Building material is the foundation of the whole building, so that the construction will be long, reliable and durable, you need to choose the right material. With a gazebo, the situation is simpler, since it is much smaller than a house or cottage, however, it is important to choose the right material and know which one is better for each individual situation.
From a brick
The most common materials for the construction of closed arbors can be called:
In some cases, to make such a winter arbor , walls are made of sandstone or wild stone. But they do it only when it is required by the general concept of country design, depending on the design.
Finished with stone
But which material is better to choose, because all these options are good to yours? Let's find out how they differ from each other, and what material is right for you.
Closed pergola of bricks
Brick - classic and traditional material that has been used for many centuries. Architectural styles such as Rococo, Baroque, Gothic or Empire, which were widely distributed in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, imply the use of solid, sturdy and durable brick structures. If the walls of your closed arbor will be made of brick, then they will stand for a very long time.
Depending on the overall landscape design of your estate, you can use regular red brick or silicate, which have different colors. But note that materials from silicate will retain heat inside a lot less than from natural red bricks.
In the case when you are not going to use the gazebo often in winter, or your climate is warm enough, you can build a gazebo out of silicate bricks by plastering the walls. This option will significantly reduce all the costs of the construction of the gazebo. As a result, it can turn out beautiful and effective.
If we talk about the advantages of this material over the rest, we can note following advantages:
Types of bricks
Depending on your desire, the architecture and shape of the building can be varied . The most common options are square, hexagon and rhombus.
But, like any material, a brick has its drawbacks. Of the minuses can be noted:
Arbor from decorative bricks
If you do everything right, build the walls, adhering to the technology then such a gazebo can be used not just as a place to relax with family and friends, but even as a full-fledged place to live or receive guests.
Wooden arbor, trimmed with a blockhouse, with a brazier
Nothing can compare with the charm and naturalness of such material as wood. Nature itself gave it to us, so the material is quite affordable and inexpensive. The presence of various textures, shades, as well as the healing aroma of wood make the gazebo an ideal place to relax, where you can spend many hours. Wood constructions will fit perfectly into the overall picture of your site, especially if it is made in the style of country or Scandinavian style.
To make a tree gazebo, use:
Arbor from a rounded log
When a barbecue or barbecue is provided in the construction project, it is important create increased fire safety conditions, as well as take care of setting up a safe platform for installing a barbecue or barbecue. Moreover, it is important to treat the wood itself with special anti-decay agents and increase resistance to fire. Wood is the most affordable material that anyone can afford. It is easy to work with wood and process it, which will help to realize any of your fantasies. With the material prepared in advance, a tree gazebo can be built in just a few days without much effort. The design itself will be simple and easy.
Among the other advantages of such an arbor, you can note:
Wood needs to be treated
But, compared to bricks, wood has several disadvantages :
Wood is a great material, but it requires special handling and protection. If you live in a rainy region where there is a lot of rain, it is better to think about building a gazebo made of brick or metal.
Arbor from metal
Metal is durable and not afraid the vagaries of weather stuff. Arbor of metal can be made of ordinary shaped tubes that can be bought at affordable prices, or from durable forged elements. The main advantage of the metal arbor is that it can be installed on any base, even on the ground. The design will have exceptional durability and fire safety.
Only it should be noted that under the sun the metal will be very hot, transferring heat inside the room. Therefore, it is important to provide good ventilation inside. Moreover, you have to carefully care for the gazebo to protect the metal from corrosion.
You decide which material to choose. It all depends on the region in which you live, the purposes for which the gazebo will be built, the availability of funds and personal considerations. Having made a choice, you can proceed to the solution of the main question, how to make a closed gazebo on your own. But before you do this, you must first prepare a little.
Any builder knows that the main task before starting all the work is to plan everything carefully. Preparation is an important part, so it can not be neglected. If all the details are thought out in advance, it is possible not only to significantly reduce all costs, but also to simplify your task during construction, as well as speed it up.
To begin with, you need to make drawings of your future gazebo in order to know how it will look and what design it will have. Transfer all your fantasies to paper, taking into account all desired sizes. If designing is not your forte, or you cannot decide on a design, use the help of the world wide web, where everything has been done for you for a long time. There you can find many ready-made drawings and choose the one that you like the most.
Also at the design stage, you need to decide on these questions:
Select in advance the place on the plot where your resting place will be located. You should not build a gazebo in the immediate vicinity of your home, but do not place it on the border with the area of your neighbors, especially if they are unfriendly, so as not to annoy them and not spoil the mood for yourself.
Constructions with a large area - 20 m 2 and more, it is better to install in an open area, and small buildings - up to 5 m 2 will be excellent Look in the picturesque, shaded corner of your garden.
By adhering to all these points, you will plan and plan everything in advance, then your further work will bring only pleasure, and you can accomplish it quickly and efficiently. Next, we will look at how to build the two most popular versions of closed arbors. Using these instructions, you can build any other arbor, since the principle of operation will be the same.
Winter bower from bricks
Brick The gazebo is a reliable and durable building, and if you make it right, then you may not think about the fact that it will soon collapse or rot. The difference between this design and others is that it has the greatest weight, so it is important to make a reliable basis for it. To build brick walls, you need some knowledge about the technology of its laying. But about all this you will learn further in the details. For convenience, all work can be divided into stages, following which you can build a good gazebo.
For a heavy brick arbor you need to make a quality base that can withstand all the load and not subside over time. It is best to make a strip or monolithic foundation. Ribbon foundation repeats the location of all bearing walls.
If the gazebo is at a certain elevation from the ground, then you need to take care of the construction of the steps.
Example of a possible staircase for an arbor
If you want to make a solid foundation that looks as a solid platform, the sequence of works is similar.
Structure of the slab foundation
Laying of the slab foundation
When the plan provides for water supply, it is important to ensure the system sewer, on which the water will go into the cesspool. It is better to lay pipes at the stage before pouring in order not to make holes in the ready-made concrete.
When a solid foundation is ready, you can start laying the walls of a closed gazebo. In fact, the walls of such an arbor are pillars at all corners, which are interconnected by brickwork below and several rows from above. Before laying the first row of bricks on the foundation, lay on it, folded in half, a layer of roofing material for waterproofing.
Now you need to mix the cement-sand mortar. The ratio of components is 1: 3. The first row of bricks is laid on the mortar, which must be carefully checked by level, since the quality of the arbor and its appearance depend on it. We recommend pre-placing bricks without mortar.
Do not forget to select a place where the doors of your arbor will be located.
photo. Four bricks are laid out around the pipe. Between them and the pipe is formed a space that needs to be filled with cement mortar. Pour all you need in small portions.
Construction of brick walls
The laying of partitions is done to the required level, and the pillars are erected to the desired height . Then between the pillars is made of brick strapping. Between the pillars there is a corner where bricks will be laid.
If a barbecue stove or barbecue grill is planned in the gazebo, it should be erected at this stage in a place prepared in advance, and there should be a place in the roof for a chimney.
The hip roof of the closed arbor
The roof for a gazebo can be different: hip, duo-pitch, hip, convex or tower. Her choice depends entirely on your desire and must be made at the design stage. It is important to know that it is preferable to choose lightweight materials for the roof structure so that their weight can withstand the walls.
The easiest way is to make a roof from a wooden bar. To do this, you need to make a strapping by installing a mauerlat along the entire perimeter — a supporting beam that will distribute the entire roof load on the walls. Now you need to install a truss system. On the mauerlat rafters are installed and securely fixed. Then a crate is made on which the roofing material will be installed. The step of the strips depends on the selected roofing material - if it is soft, the slats need to be sealed to each other, if the material is hard - the step can be much wider.
As a material for the roof, you can use:
They are all lightweight, easy to install and have excellent performance characteristics.
At the end of your gazebo It needs good glazing, which will protect the room from snow, wind, rain and insects. Here, too, will have to choose: to make a warm glazing or cold. The choice depends on the purpose for which the gazebo is built, and the climate in your area. If the gazebo is used all year round, and you equip it with furniture and other elements, it is better to make a warm glazing to reduce heat loss. To do this, you can use metal-plastic windows with double-glazed windows or aluminum profile, which is lighter, but more expensive. When you plan to be in the gazebo only in summer, spring and autumn, you can make cold glazing, which will be much cheaper.
Arbor with double-glazed windows and sliding doors
It is necessary to measure the distance from wall to wall and from ceiling to wall to find out which frame size to order. All the data you need to write and contact a specialized company that can not only make the windows you need, but also install them immediately. Only for this you have to pay a little extra. Glazing frames can be made of wood, aluminum or plastic. Their choice is yours.
And so, the gazebo is almost ready, it remains only to install the doors, a reliable lock, make communications, make the floor and finish the floor if desired. And at the end you can show yourself by making the interior you want.
Glazing from inside
If you want to heat the entire room separately in winter, you can take care of infrared heaters or buy an electric fireplace.
The second equally popular option for the construction of a closed gazebo is the construction of wood. It is possible to make such an arbor out of scrap materials that each owner may have. For example, we consider a frame gazebo with a gable roof, which can be simply and quickly built independently.
Construction of the frame of a wooden arbor
Interior of the finished wooden arbor
You can paint it, equip it with everything you need . In such a gazebo, you can install a barbecue or grill, but before that you need to choose in advance the place where they will stand. In this area it is better to make a solid foundation if the construction is heavy. Also when installing the roof you need to take care of the chimney.
So, you were able to build a private gazebo on your own. This is a simple budget option that anyone can fulfill. This gazebo will be a worthy decoration of your site, and you can enjoy your rest at any time of the day.
Having considered these options of arbors, you will be able to decide which of them to build - wood or brick. But, most importantly, despite your choice, you will be able to build such a construction yourself, saving your money. As a result, you will have the opportunity to relax all year round from the problems, stress and fast pace of this life. Moreover, if you competently warm and equip such an arbor, you can get residential square meters, where you can accommodate a friend or relative for a few days.
Here is a variant of the winter arbor:
A closed gazebo trimmed a brick tile
In east style
Arbor from polycarbonate
Arbor glazed, in the form of pavilion
Arbor with barbecue
The frame arbor, trimmed with siding
Made of bricks and wood
Closed pergola with a flat roof
With an open veranda
Frame, treated with stain