Wooden houses are always very popular, especially for those who want to build their suburban housing. The material is environmentally friendly, affordable. But the main thing is that the timber is convenient because even not very experienced builders can build a house from it. The work is quite realistic for 2 people to do.
The material of the house from a bar is ecological and affordable.
The work begins with the design, it is necessary to designate heating and ventilation systems and the layout of the rooms. For example, in order to make it easier to make communications wiring, rooms such as a bathroom, kitchen, bathroom, it is desirable to be located close to each other.
Principles of the organization of corners of a house from a bar with the rest.
Tools and materials for building a house from a bar:
Scheme of the house from a bar.
If you decide to build a house yourself, you will have to perform the calculation of the beam. To calculate the material on the walls, do the following:
If, besides the external walls, there are internal partitions, this should be taken into account. If required, you can calculate the timber not only in cubic meters, but also in pieces. For this, the volume divided by the volume of a unit of material.
So, how to build a house out of a bar? It is desirable to sort the timber before work. Then touch. Then the bars are faced, customized to the desired length. Perform markup. They make grooves and spikes, prepare pins and holes for them. Based on the markup, lay the boards on the walls for which they are prepared.
Do not wait until the bar dries, process it raw and in the process of laying it into the wall.
The material should dry in the wall.
Scheme for assembling the walls of a frame house.
First you need to build a foundation. In this case, it is possible to make a shallow-tape foundation or a pile foundation. The choice will depend on the characteristics of the soil and the future weight of the structure. Once the foundation reaches the desired strength, you can begin laying the first crown of the structure. The first crown is a kind of contour that can withstand the greatest loads and is most susceptible to moisture. Experts advise between the foundation and the first crown to lay a larch wedding board, thereby creating a protective buffer. In addition, when repairing the lower part of the frame, it is easier to replace the board, and not the crown. The optimum thickness of the board is 50 mm. It must be treated with antiseptic.
On the other side of the foundation on which the board will be laid, lay 2 layers of roofing material (waterproofing). The corner joint for the first crown is half a bar. Lags for the floor on the 1st floor are pierced into this or the 2nd crown. Or use a special fastener for timber.
The foundation scheme for a house from a bar.
The assembly of the house consists of a stonework laying, in which each successive timber is mounted after laying the underlying. Between the crowns put jute, designed to seal the joints of honey with them. If you work with a material of natural moisture, then every 2 crowns are staggered connected with dowels from a bar. They give the wall rigidity and ensure the preservation of geometry during the drying of the material. In the walls where there will be window and door openings, the material is selected depending on the size of the openings. In order to prevent the timber from deforming, when setting up the openings, a part of the bars is left to the size of the wall, and after shrinking, the excess material is cut out.
The floors of the 1st floor and the attic room are warmed with mineral wool. Flooring can be used any. Ceiling set up in the process of finishing works. Lining is very popular. The roof is often made gable. The simpler the geometry of the roof, the less often you will have to carry out repairs.
Before weatherization and finishing work, it is advisable to wait 3-6 months until the house is seated. If wet material was used, more time is needed. During the shrinkage of the house may appear cracks. To avoid heat loss, log houses from non-profiled timber caulk before finishing work. The job is to seal the gaps with jute fiber, it is performed from the outside and inside manually.
If profiled sawn timber was used in the work, it is enough to perform painting work. The coating layer should protect the house from water and UV light. Before painting the timber must be polished. Despite the fact that this will take some time, grinding will allow you to apply a paint coating economically and efficiently.
Building a wall of a bar.
Now glued laminated timber is quite popular. The material is quite expensive, but it lacks the flaws inherent in the tree: it does not shrink, it has high fire resistance.
The technology of building a house from a bar includes many different works. Following the basic rules and sequence of work, you build a reliable and practical home.
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