There is one element for the garden, which cannot be replaced by anything else. A rectangular gazebo is a structure that is being built in a short period of time, but will last for quite a long time. Food consumed in the open air is absorbed better and brings more benefits, and spending time with your loved ones is priceless. In today's world filled with electronics, many people forget about live communication. But it is precisely this that is the key to a strong relationship. Next, we consider how a rectangular gazebo can be built with your own hands.
Size of the quadrangle pergola
In order to fully To give a thoughtful answer, you need to analyze a few simple points:
- Where will the building be located?
- What territory can be distinguished for it?
- How many people will be in the building at the same time?
- What kind of seats will be installed inside?
- Will the structure adjoin the house as a canopy?
- High will water rise during heavy showers?
- Will it be necessary communications supply?
There is no need to make too large a structure, since it will not be used as often as fully. Moreover, it will be additional maintenance expenses. At this stage, you need to think about whether all the walls of the gazebo will be open or a few of them will need to be closed. The easiest way is to present a table in the middle surrounded by chairs. You can make a decision that is distinctive for some crops - loungers.
We compose a drawing
A drawing of an arbor from metal
Having considered the above questions, time to transfer the plan to a piece of paper so that it becomes a little more real than our imagination. Here are some projects that take up little space, but allow you to place all the necessary elements.
- 2.5 * 3.5 m. Such a solution is enough to arrange a dining table and chairs inside. Four people will feel quite comfortable.
- 3 * 4 m. In such an arbor you can invite guests or gather a large family at a good table.
- 4 * 4 m. This option with a brazier. A small platform is made with dimensions of 1 * 1 m without a covering, so that the smoke can freely rise and does not linger under the roof.
- 5 * 5 m. In such an arbor it will be possible to build loungers on which mattresses and pillows are placed. It will be a really good place for rest and pastime.
Dimensions are shown as examples. They can be varied and tailored to specific needs and land. Knowing the specific parameters, you can choose the type of foundation to be applied. There are several options that do not take much time in the construction, but will be a good support for the whole structure:
- columnar brick;
- columnar monolithic;
- one-piece slab.
How we make each of them will be discussed a little below. The material planned for use is also applied to the plan. The arbor can be closed on all sides with the help of double-glazed windows. At the same time you can make a large number of sash or sliding windows. In this structure will be comfortable in any weather. The most common material that is used is wood. It is available, easy to process, and no special tools are needed to cope with it. Profile metal can be easily applied to the frame, but to work with it you need to have the skills of a welder. One or several walls can be laid out of facing bricks, which looks quite attractive and makes it possible to combine the design with the main building.
It has been said above what types of foundation can be used for buildings of this type. The easiest to build will be columnar brick. To implement it, you will need:
- Dig holes to a depth of 30 cm. This is done every meter along the length of all the walls. Sanding is carried out with a layer of 20 cm. It is well rammed, then moistened with water so that the material undergoes shrinkage.
- For each item, 4 blocks are needed. Their size should be 20 * 20 * 40 cm. These are standard dimensions for a cinder block or other similar building material.
- The first two are placed on the prepared pillow. They are set by level. The most convenient way to use a laser level, with which the projected line. It will be a reference for all elements. Between the stones is applied a solution that will hold them together. They are equal in level.
- Thus, two elements are set at all angles.
- A fishing line is being pulled between them, which will help to place intermediate supports.
- From above, two more bricks are laid perpendicularly on the solution.
The foundation can be considered ready. But it is important to remember that this option is suitable for those areas where the soil has sufficient density and does not soak excessively during rains. Otherwise the arbor can lose a support and collapse.
The columnar monolithic foundation resembles the previous version, but has its own characteristics:
- The optimal support step for a particular structure is chosen. It can be in the range of 1-1.5 meters.
- First, dig holes in the corners. Their depth should be lower than the freezing of the ground, and dimensions, for example, 40 * 40 cm.
- Next, with the selected step, holes are dug along the future wall. If the width of the building is large, then in the middle you also need to provide several supports for the central beam. If this is not done, then the floor will not be strong enough.
- At the bottom of each depression, sand is laid in the same layer as in the previous version.
- Formwork is made of edged boards, OSB sheets or plywood. It should be of such a height that the tip is 20 cm above the surface. This will protect the main construction material from getting wet during rains or other precipitations.
- The form is mounted and fixed.
- The inner walls are covered with roofing felt.
- Reinforcement bars are inserted in the middle. It will be more efficient to make the crate: 4 main vertical elements should be 12 mm in diameter, the rest can be taken 8 mm. They are tied together by a knitting wire so that a parallelogram is obtained. Transverse segments are arranged in 30-40 cm increments.
- The prepared concrete solution is poured. It must be well compacted. Better to do this with an electric vibrator. If this is not possible, then in a pinch, you can use a piece of reinforcement.
- The upper ends of all elements are aligned in the same plane to facilitate further construction.
- At this stage there is an advantage to do the workpiece under the grillage. To do this, you need a metal shank (sheet metal strip). Its width must be at least 5 cm. 2 sections of 15-20 cm are made. They are vertically immersed in a fresh solution for the distance of the beam, which will then be applied.
You can also make permanent formwork for such a foundation. For this you need an asbestos pipe with a diameter of 250 mm. Pits are dug in the same way, bedding is done, but fine gravel is still laid on the sand with a layer of 15 cm and is well tamped. Pipes are inserted inside, they are set at the level. On the sides up to half rubble is poured and compacted. Several rods of reinforcement are inserted inside and the solution is poured. In the same way, you can make blanks from metal plates for timber.
Pile foundation for an arbor
Like the previous version, the pile foundation will allow you to withstand the design large mass. It will be possible to build brick walls. The easiest is to work with screw elements.
- Installation of piles The number of elements from the calculation of the installation is purchased in increments described above.
- If desired, you can make them yourself. To do this, you need a metal pipe with a diameter of 85 mm. Its length should be such that the support is below the soil freezing and protrudes 20 cm above the surface. One of the ends is tapering. To do this, cuts are made along 15 cm, the strips are bent to the middle, boiled and smoothed. In increments of 5 cm are attached to the plate for the screw. A hole is made in the upper part into which the lever for tightening can be inserted.
- Two people will be enough for installation of all elements.
- After the dive, the upper parts are aligned by one height and a square base measuring 20 * 20 cm is welded.
Homemade screw piles
In order for the supports to last as long as possible, they must be treated with an anti-corrosion agent and coated with paint. To prevent the growth of weed under the floor of the gazebo can be as follows: sheets of roofing material are laid over the entire area. The overlap is made in 10 cm. From above there is a filling of sand in 5 cm and it is well rammed.
The basis in the form of a monolithic slab will allow to achieve two goals in one pass - to make the foundation and prepare the floor.
- The territory is marked up.
- The excavation is dug to a depth of 30-40 cm.
- The bottom is covered with a layer of sand of 15 cm. It is well rammed.
- The next step is the metal crate, which will give strength. Instead, you can use the construction buta - broken brick, the remnants of concrete slabs or natural stone. It is laid evenly over the entire excavated area.
- Beacons are made of metal pipes or wooden pegs. They are set by level. At the same time you can make a small bias in one direction by 1-2 cm. This will allow spilled liquid or rain water to calmly flow into the ground.
- The mortar is poured in and tightened with a rule or a flat metal strip, for example, a piece of drywall profile.
- If tile laying is not planned, then ironing can be made from above. To do this, dry cement is applied to the still wet floor and rubbed. Subsequently a smooth surface with a slight gloss is obtained.
- The construction will reach its full strength no sooner than in 27 days.
Diagram of the monolithic basement for the arbor
In the case when there is no desire at all messing with concrete and the foundation, you can just stand up to the ground 50-70 cm, make a bed of gravel and sand and pack everything well.
The principle of construction of wood and metal frame is very similar. For the first option, you will need a 10 * 10 cm timber and a 10 * 5 cm edged board. In the second case, an I-beam will be needed for the base, and a square shaped tube with the dimensions of 6 * 6 cm or 8 * 4 cm will be needed for the racks. welding machine.
- If the first three variants of the foundation were chosen, then it is necessary to make the lower trim. To do this, the timber is cut along the length of each side, in the same way another element is made, which will be laid in the middle.
- They communicate with each other. To do this, a 5 cm depth cutout is made in the corners, and a width of 10 cm. The grooves are joined together and fastened with screws.
- The next step is to install the corner posts. For them, the same material is used as for the grillage. They are attached to the base with metal plates, angles. To make the joint more reliable, it is necessary to cut the spike and drown it into the corresponding groove.
- If the walls are more than 3 meters, then it is necessary to make additional vertical supports from the cut board. They can be installed after 1 m.
- From above, all elements are connected with the help of two boards, which are nailed on the inside and the outside. The corners are reinforced with metal straps.
- The next step is laying the floor. It can be made from a polished board, which is nailed to the back. When finishing it can be coated with varnish and stain.
- If a single-pitch roof is planned, then racks on one side must be made higher by 20 - 30 cm. For a gable or four-pit, they must be the same size. For the first option, it will be enough just after 40 cm to install the boards from one wall to another and fix them. For a gable you need to collect several trusses, they can be arranged in increments of 60 - 100 cm. They represent an isosceles triangle. The first thing two extreme are mounted. They are set to level in the horizontal and vertical plane. Between them 3 fishing lines are stretched, which will serve as a guideline for the other components. You can connect them to each other with the help of a pontoon beam or slanting bridges. A crate is made for a specific flooring, and the area is covered.
A four-slope roof gaze
For a solid foundation, corner posts must be sunk into the ground. This can be done at the stage of filling or after. 4 corners are dug holes to a depth of 50 cm. The columns are made on the basis of the foundation, which was written above. They will support racks. Further assembly is the same as in the previous versions, but it is no longer required to perform the lower strapping. In this case, you can go the other way. The main racks can be not wooden, but brick. For this, columns are laid out at the corners, which are necessarily reinforced inside. A wooden bar of 10 * 10 cm is laid on top of them. The elements are tied together as described for the grillage. This will be the mauerlat, which will be the basis for the roof.
The rafter system of the four-slope roof
Some elements that can be located inside have already been mentioned. articles. The space between racks may be open. Multiple sides can be closed using transparent polycarbonate. In another embodiment, masonry is made to the middle with facing brick. The remaining opening is left as it is, or a wooden lattice is mounted in it. Around the area you can plant wild grapes or ivy. Over time, he will envelop the entire arbor and get a green island.
If desired, the structure can be made with elements borrowed from the kolyba. To this end, a hole is left in the middle of the roof, which will be used to release smoke.In this case, right in the middle you can make a fireplace, which will allow you to enjoy the fire in any weather, sitting around it on comfortable chairs or sun beds.
It must be remembered that wooden structures need constant maintenance. At least every 3 years it is necessary to remove the old coating and re-apply varnish or paint, which is intended for outdoor use. In this case, it will be possible to avoid drying and rotting.
Everyone can become the author of their unique project. We are interested in what and how to do it personally. Share your decisions in the comments to the article, perhaps for someone they will serve as a new idea.
An example of a rectangular gazebo construction:
Arbor with a trellis
With carved elements
A rectangular gazebo
Arbor from a bar
With a brick-stone base
- How to build a six-sided arbor
- Construction of an arbor with a brazier
- How to build a gazebo from polycarbonate
- Construction of a live gazebo