The presence of a greenhouse at the dacha is a common phenomenon. Using different materials, it is possible to build greenhouses of various shapes and sizes. Work in them begins in early spring and ends in autumn. Having your own vegetables is not only economical, but also safe, as you can be sure of their quality. That is why many have a desire to equip a winter greenhouse. It can grow vegetables and fruits all year round, even if it is freezing outside.
Can an amateur gardener build such a structure? In fact, not much time and money are needed for the construction and arrangement of the winter greenhouse, so you can cope with the tasks you have set yourself. In this article we will explain how to build a winter greenhouse with your own hands, demonstrate the necessary drawings, as well as photo and video instructions.
Features and differences
During construction A winter greenhouse, in contrast to a summer greenhouse, produces a strong and reliable construction. She stands on the foundation. In addition, the heating system works in the winter greenhouse. It is from the latter that the quality and consistency of the temperature inside will depend. Each winter greenhouse must have:
The size of the greenhouse must be selected in accordance with the number of crops to be grown. Coating material must be reliable. A simple film does not protect the culture from frost and snow. It is also important to provide the possibility of additional wall insulation.
When developing a winter greenhouse, several conditions must be met for good plant growth: light and temperature conditions, as well as air humidity.
The main types of
Modern winter greenhouse can be built from various materials. Today the construction market is filled with innovative materials. They differ in the increased durability, ease and reasonable price. This allows you to choose everything you need within even a small planned budget. At the preparatory stage it is necessary to plan the structure. Her choice will depend solely on the plants to be grown.
Types of winter greenhouses are distinguished not only by the materials used, but also by external forms.
Many grow flowers of various crops for sale. When choosing exotic plants, it is necessary to calculate all costs, as well as to study the requirements for the construction.
When developing the project, it is necessary to take into account the material that will be sheathed the frame. The winter greenhouse must be strong and airtight, therefore, for the arrangement of the frame, choose:
Both materials are very durable, so making a choice towards one or the other is rather difficult. Metal is durable and reliable, but it is much easier to work with wood. In addition, the tree will not heat up at high summer temperatures. To withstand the weight of the whole structure, as well as the load of snow on the roof, it is necessary to use strong and thick racks.
Material for lining frame:
When choosing a film, it is necessary to sheathe the framework not in one layer, but in several layers. In addition, you should not use it for arranging the whole structure. Glass also has many drawbacks: a lot of weight, fragility and complexity of installation. The most suitable material for the winter greenhouse is cellular polycarbonate. The advantages include: low weight, translucency, and ease of installation.
According to experts, the microclimate in a greenhouse made of wood is several times better than that of metal. When choosing a tree, it must be treated with modern antiseptics and protective agents.
When choosing a site for building a winter greenhouse, it is necessary to take into account three main factors:
When you organize protection against strong winds, you can land a hedge. It should be remembered that the fence should be placed at a distance of at least 10 m. The distance is calculated depending on the height of the ridge.
The most basic in a winter greenhouse is heating. This process is the most time consuming and complex. For his organization requires the help of specialists. But you can do everything yourself. It is necessary to choose the right type of heating, on which the productivity of the greenhouse will depend. To date, there are many ways to arrange to heat even a large area. Each of them has its advantages and disadvantages:
It is necessary to choose the type of heating on an individual basis for each specific case. It is necessary to be guided by such criteria as the local climate, the planned budget and the type of plants.
Brick foundation of the greenhouse
So As construction stages and technologies are completely dependent on materials and construction, there is no need to talk about standards. For example, we consider the construction of a winter greenhouse, which is adjacent to the house. A brick is selected for the foundation. The framework is built from a wooden bar or a profile pipe. Polycarbonate will sheathe the entire structure.
To create the effect of a thermos, you can not go deeper into the ground, but only lift the base. The depth of the foundation is 50 cm, width - 40 cm. For convenience, it is better to make a strip foundation. Do not forget about the sand cushion or use the gravel of the small fraction. The stages of implementation are standard and do not require any professional skills and equipment. After pouring it is recommended to maintain the foundation throughout the week. On hot days, the surface is moistened with water. Between the foundation and basement should be laid out a layer of waterproofing.
It is possible to use second-hand bricks for the construction of the basement. If the financial side allows, then choose a new brick. The height of the wall should be about 1 m. The thickness of the walls can be half-brick or brick, at its own discretion. The framework is built from the strong and in advance processed wooden bar. In the role of fasteners are anchors and dowels. Thus, a skeleton is installed, which will be a reliable support for large loads. Frame under the roof must be done at an angle of 30 ° from the horizon.
Sheath the frame with polycarbonate follows the standard pattern and technology.For a good result, several conditions must be observed:
Several vents installed around the entire perimeter can serve as ventilation .
For greater economy, it is recommended to select a place near the house. Due to this, one of the walls is already fully prepared, so you do not have to spend time, effort and money. So that in the main part of the greenhouse it was always warm at the entrance door, it is necessary to attach a vestibule. For high-quality sealing, you can use mounting foam and special sealants.
After all the construction and sealing works have been completed, you can proceed to the arrangement. So, in the greenhouse you need to bring water, electricity for lighting. It is important to worry about the valves, which will provide high-quality water supply.
When choosing sources of light scattering, it is necessary to take into account the peculiarities of growing the selected crops. An equally important issue is the ground. Substrate is prepared, fertilizers and special additives are added. They will ensure the rapid and correct growth of all the vegetables and fruits that have been selected.
Following the advice given, you can build and prepare a winter greenhouse for growing in just a few days different crops in winter. It is enough to use all available materials and purchase the missing ones. With all the work you can cope alone, but it is better to have an assistant, especially when it comes to installing the skeleton of a winter greenhouse.
We recommend you to read the article "Greenhouse from the profile and polycarbonate with your own hands."
For information on how to make heating in a winter greenhouse, see the video:
Types of greenhouses with a single slope, double slope and multi-slope roof
Polycarbonate greenhouse frame device
Drawing of a wooden greenhouse for a harsh climate
Layout of the wall greenhouse
Trench winter greenhouse-greenhouse
Greenhouse drawing for polycarbonate
Construction of a wooden wooden greenhouse
Greenhouse scheme from a
box structures Winter box greenhouse with heating
The scheme of the film greenhouse for strawberries
The scheme of the foundation for arranging the winter greenhouse
Construction of the greenhouse
The installation process of the walls of the greenhouse
Different frameworks for the greenhouse from polycarbonate
Winter greenhouse from polycarbonate
Heating in the winter greenhouse
Greenhouse from window frames
Greenhouse term Wasps
Heating in a Greenhouse
Cable heating in the greenhouse
Automatic watering in the greenhouse
Heating for the greenhouse
One of the types of heating in the greenhouse