In order not to part with the summer, even in harsh winters and to have the opportunity to enjoy the greenery every day, you can equip your own winter garden. Such construction is most often done by professionals. But if there is a desire and time, then you can pick up a simple project and arrange a winter garden in a private house with your own hands. To maximize the cost savings and at the same time get a quality result, you should use the advice of experts, as well as comply with all technical requirements.
One of the most important stages in the construction of a winter garden in a house is the choice of the side of the world:
When choosing a location for a winter garden, consider not only the specified characteristics, but also the design of the house itself.
Also, at this stage you should familiarize yourself with the types of structures. They are divided into two large groups:
Each of the options will make its own adjustments to the design and construction process. Do not forget that the shape of the room of the winter garden can be completely different. The most popular options are:
In fact, there are much more design options for buildings and everyone has the right to make his own changes and adjustments or combine the two options into one combined one.
Modern construction market offers the consumer a wide range of materials.
One of the most common types of materials for plating. Many years use glass not only for winter gardens, but also for greenhouses, greenhouses, greenhouses and verandahs. Such popularity is due to the high carrying capacity, maximum sunlight transmission (almost 98%), and fast heat dissipation. If we talk about the shortcomings, here you can select only a few positions:
It is possible to solve the problem of high cost by considering the glass of smaller thickness, and to increase the strength, the area of the frame structure should be strengthened.
This is one of the innovative developments that immediately appeared on the construction market and became very popular in various fields. Winter garden made of polycarbonate will allow you to perform all the work in less time and at the same time reduce the cost of buying the material. Its advantages include:
The upper protective layer of the material does not let moisture inside the structure, so it is not afraid of various precipitation.
Another trend in the construction of conservatories and greenhouses is the use of double-glazed windows. The profile can be:
Different types of glass can be used for the manufacture of glass packs: glass-reflecting, energy-saving, multifunctional and transparent float glass.
The construction itself was conceived The winter garden is a continuation of the area and roof of the house. With proper selection of materials and well-thought-out design, the winter garden will not sink under the weight of snow. Beforehand it is necessary to make drawings and plans with dimensions.This will allow you to purchase the required amount of materials and perform high-quality construction.
Extension on the tape footing
The first step in creating The winter garden is pouring the foundation. There are a few nuances to consider here: a winter garden is a one-story construction, where weighty tubs with various plants particularly affect the overall load. Therefore, if you want to avoid subsidence of the soil, you should do the pouring of the foundation.
When deciding how to make a foundation, follow the technology of a tape variant. To do this, it will be enough to dig a trench on the previously applied markup. The depth should be about 50 cm, and the width should not exceed 15 cm. For reinforcement of the base, use reinforcement. At the bottom of the trench lay a pillow of a mixture of sand and rubble. She will play the role of thermal insulation. Do not forget about waterproofing: one or two layers of roofing material will be enough. Then pour the cement mortar.
Strip footing scheme
When choosing materials for the floor, it is best to use concrete. After complete solidification, it is necessary to lay the finishing material, namely:
While setting up the floor, do not forget about the insulation layer and waterproofing. The first will not give heat to the ground, and the second will not allow groundwater to the structure.
Walls can be built from different materials
For Structural structures can also choose one of the proposed options or a combination of them:
The role of fasteners, depending on the chosen material, can be nails, screws, dowels. Can be bonded using a welding machine (for steel construction). The pitch between the guides is determined by the width of the material purchased for the cladding.
After construction, you can proceed to the immediate plating (glass or polycarbonate) or the installation of double-glazed windows. The joints between the walls of the house and the winter garden must pass through insulating foam.
The following combination is considered the ideal option: metal supports and aluminum profiles.
Choose double-glazed windows as the roof
When choosing a material for the arrangement of the roof, one very important point should be taken into account: the glass will not be able to withstand the snow cover, so you should not give it preference. It is best to sheathe the roof with polycarbonate, or install double or triple-glazed windows. There should also be a slope that will allow the snow to fall down itself and not block the path to sunlight.
The thickness of the glass in the double-glazed windows should not exceed 5 mm, otherwise the roof structure will be too heavy.
To find the right one option, it is necessary not only to study the properties and capabilities of the systems, but also to know the location and features of the winter garden itself. Also, the selection criteria should include financial opportunities. Consider the main types of heating that can be used for heating the winter garden, as well as their positive and negative sides.
Winter garden with fireplace
To create an optimal and efficient heating system, it is best to use several of the above options at the same time.
Arrangement of the winter garden
Winter garden in the house can be attributed to complex engineering structures, which are constructed with the aim of breeding plants in comfortable conditions throughout the year. To realize this, it is necessary to adhere to the following mandatory conditions:
On some points it is worth stopping in more detail.
Due to the large number of plants in the room air humidity is constantly increasing, which leads to the formation of condensate. To avoid this is quite simple - you need to install or equip the ventilation system:
You can install fans
When organizing ventilation, it is worth considering that a draft - is the enemy of plants, which can destroy them.
Thanks to the wall covering and the roof with transparent material, there will be a sufficient amount of natural lighting throughout the day. But at the same time, it is worth considering that in cloudy weather, as well as in winter, this will not be enough. Among a wide variety of sources of artificial lighting, that is, the types of lamps, it is necessary to distinguish only fluorescent ones. Among their advantages can be noted:
Recently, special fitolamps have become increasingly popular for creating lighting in a winter garden or greenhouse. They favor plant photosynthesis.
Current drip irrigation
Continuous watering is necessary to provide at the stage of laying the ground and the formation of flower beds with plants. Best for these purposes fit modern drip irrigation system. Through the laid hoses, water will drop by drop into the ground. To monitor watering, use sensors that monitor soil moisture.
Add moisture to the air of an artificial reservoir itself, for example, a fountain or a humidifier.
According to the designers, it is best to divide the winter garden into several separate zones. This approach will increase the functionality of the room. In order to properly design the , design, there should be three main areas:
The stylistic direction of the design of the winter garden depends entirely on the wishes and the preferences of the owners. Among the most common styles can be distinguished classic, Japanese, high-tech, country and modern.
It is impossible to equip a spacious winter garden in the apartment. But owners of cottages, country cottages and private houses may well create a personal evergreen oasis in which it will be pleasant to spend time with a cup of tea on a frosty day. The shape and size of the winter garden will depend solely on their own capabilities and fantasies.
The winter garden on the roof, depending on the arrangement, can be:
The winter garden can be equipped not only in the adjoining extensions, but also on the roofs / penthouses of private / apartment buildings, office buildings, sports complexes, banks and restaurants.
The following are the main advantages of this solution:
Before you start building a roof garden, you need to take into account some of the nuances that should be reflected in the project:
At the first stage, the roof should be cleaned of roofing material and all that will interfere with construction. As for the frame, it can be made from a wooden beam / metal corner. However, the most suitable material for this is an aluminum profile / tube. The main advantage of aluminum profiles / pipes is their low weight, the possibility of painting them in the desired color and no need to care for the frame from it in the future.
Collect the frame better on the ground .
The roof of the winter garden should have an inclination from 30º to the inside. So, the water flow will be provided, snow creep, and more importantly, this angle will facilitate the penetration of more sun rays into the garden. The roof should be equipped with an anti-icing system, which will prevent its deformation in the future.
The number of doors is determined at the design stage of the garden. The entrance to the winter garden is usually made from inside the room. Since this is a roof garden, it is important to consider the presence of a staircase with a railing.
The presence of air vents will help to provide airing, which will contribute to the continuous circulation of air. The area under the vents / doors should be 1/4 of the entire glazed garden area. Immediately install mosquito nets on the windows.
Arrangement of other engineering communications and the choice of materials for glazing does not differ from the technology described in this article.
See how the construction of the winter garden is assembled:
A great place for tea drinking
Cozy winter garden
Garden with tropical plants
Winter garden in the annexe
Hall in the winter garden
Restroom in the winter garden
Massive garden project
Saturated th winter garden
Reception in a winter garden
A cozy option
The picturesque winter garden
Winter garden on the balcony
On the diagrams you can see the options for arranging the winter garden:
Sizes of the winter garden
Scheme of permanent exposure
Scheme of the winter garden
Scheme in yes lnovostochny style