Types of vacuum cleaners, their pros and cons

Regular cleaning of residential premises is the norm for a civilized person. A permanent attribute of cleaning in the last century was a vacuum cleaner. And if then, in the period of the appearance of the first vacuum cleaners, it was a question of choosing between a new-fashioned electrical unit for collecting dust and a simple but familiar broom, then today we have to choose between different types of vacuum cleaners.

In order not to spend money on a device that does not suit you, before going to the home appliance store, it is worthwhile to know what kind of vacuum cleaners are, how one type differs from another from the user's point of view, what are their advantages and disadvantages. And we will help you with this.

Types of vacuum cleaners, their pros and cons

Types of vacuum cleaners depending on the type of dust collector

Vacuum cleaners with a dust bag

Vacuum cleaners with dust bags can be safely described as a classic cleaning technology. This type of vacuum cleaner is almost a century, and it is well known to all of us since childhood. Some consider the latter circumstance undoubted dignity, because with a familiar technique easier to handle. Others, on the contrary, regard this as a flaw: it seems to them that the old is a synonym for something far from perfect. For such skeptics, we note that over the decades that have elapsed since their appearance, the bag vacuum cleaner has changed a lot and learned a lot, while remaining equally simple to use.

Types of vacuum cleaners, their pros and cons

Types of vacuum cleaners, their pros and cons

+ Pros of vacuum cleaners with a dust bag

  1. The main advantage of the bag variety of vacuum cleaners is their readiness to work at any time. To power such a unit, it is enough to turn on the power supply. Likewise, upon completion of cleaning, all you have to do is turn off the vacuum cleaner and send it to the place of permanent storage. And that's it! You do not need to perform any related operations every time - to fill the tank with water, clean it, dry it, etc. This means that if you have today, say, 20 minutes to clean the room, then you will spend these 20 minutes cleaning, and not on pre-training and post-maintenance equipment.
  2. The procedure for removing collected garbage is simple and hygienic. A bag filled with dust is removed from the vacuum cleaner and sent along with all its contents to the trash can and a new one is installed in its place. Of course, in this case we are talking about disposable bags.
  3. Due to the wide range of prices for bag vacuum cleaners, anyone can choose the equipment that best suits their personal financial possibilities. The same applies to dust bags.

Types of vacuum cleaners, their pros and cons

- Disadvantages of vacuum cleaners with a dust bag

  1. Paper bags-dust collectors are consumable material, which means it requires periodical financial investments from you, albeit minor ones. Of course, you can take the path of maximum savings and use a reusable fabric dust collector. But cleaning the last one is not the most pleasant thing, and this option is usually resorted to only if absolutely necessary.
  2. The suction power of a vacuum cleaner decreases as the bag is filled. In the case of bags made of synthetic materials, this effect is almost not noticeable, but for those who use paper, it is well known.
  3. It happens that dust bags give unpleasant surprises to vacuum cleaner owners. An object with sharp edges (a piece of glass, small pebble), hitting the bag, can damage its paper walls. It happens, although very rarely, that the bag, having failed to withstand the pressure difference inside and outside, simply bursts. As you understand, the consequences of both the incidents cited as an example are unpleasant. However, the likelihood of such incidents is small, and this happens only with very cheap low-quality bags.
  4. There are a lot of types of bags for vacuum cleaners, and not everyone will fit your unit. To orient in the commercially available assortment is sometimes very difficult, especially for those who recently acquired a new technique. In addition, it should be noted that on the shelves of supermarkets you will find only bags for the most popular models of vacuum cleaners; if yours is not one of those, you will have to spend a lot of effort looking for suitable supplies.

Vacuum cleaners with an aqua filter

In vacuum cleaners with an aqua filter, the intake air is cleaned in the water tank. With the passage of air through the water layer suspended in it fine dust particles are wetted and settle to the bottom. Such vacuum cleaners are considered "advanced" and for this reason they are very popular with customers. However, having started the active operation of a fashionable unit, many users quickly become disillusioned when they realized that water vacuum cleaners, at least in the domestic version, are too far from perfect.

Types of vacuum cleaners, their pros and cons

Types of vacuum cleaners, their pros and cons

+ Pros of vacuum cleaners with an aqua filter

  1. Water vacuum cleaners allow their owners to save on consumables. You do not have to buy a new bag with a frequency every 2-3 months. All that is needed for the operation of such a vacuum cleaner is a small amount of water.
  2. In the process of operating the vacuum cleaner with an aqua-filter, the air in the house is inevitably moistened. Thanks to this, it will be easier to breathe indoors, regardless of the quality of cleaning.

Types of vacuum cleaners, their pros and cons

- Disadvantages of vacuum cleaners with an aqua filter

  1. Particles with water-repellent properties (coated with a thin layer of fat feathers or wool, plastic chips, trimmed fabrics with impregnation, etc.) are not moistened with water, and therefore do not linger in it. Reducing the quality of filtration in the water layer leads to a rapid clogging of additional (auxiliary) filters.
  2. During cleaning, you should carefully monitor the water level in the tank. First, the water evaporates rather quickly under the action of a strong stream of air, and when its level drops below permissible, the intake air will no longer be cleaned. Secondly, when a large amount of garbage accumulates in the water tank (for example, when cleaning the room after carrying out repair and construction works), the water level, on the contrary, rises greatly, which leads to increased splashing and / or leakage of the vacuum cleaner. Manufacturers recommend adding water to the tank or completely replacing it after cleaning every 10 square meters. square meters (and with strong pollution of the room more often), which, you see, is not very convenient.
  3. Variations in the water level in the tank, which inevitably arise, for example, when a vacuum cleaner collides with furniture, when moving it through obstacles (threshold, carpet, cord of the vacuum cleaner itself), when sharply jerking a hose, etc. splashing and leaking water from the reservoir.
  4. Due to the ingress of dirty water splashes onto the after-treatment filters, the latter are gradually contaminated, and sooner or later the question arises of the need to replace them. Those who have already encountered a similar problem know that such filters are very expensive (and it is often difficult to find them on sale) - the savings from not having to buy bags-dust collectors no longer seem so significant.
  5. Upon completion of cleaning the room, it is necessary to thoroughly clean and dry the water container and other structural elements in contact with dirty water. Yes, and store the vacuum cleaner is strongly recommended unassembled. The fact is that warm humid air is an excellent environment for the reproduction of microorganisms, which abound in the vacuum cleaner together with the dirt of organic origin. The results of untimely or poor-quality cleaning and drying of the insides of a vacuum cleaner are very unpleasant - an unpleasant smell appears inside the unit, and pathogenic microflora is formed. During the subsequent operation of the vacuum cleaner, bacteria and mold and mildew spores will be spread and dispersed throughout the house with a stream of air. The procedure for cleaning a vacuum cleaner after use often takes no less time, or even more than the cleaning itself.
  6. Vacuum cleaners with an aqua-filter capable of providing high quality of room cleaning - the units are rather bulky and heavy. They are inconvenient in operation - they are very heavy, not very maneuverable, they are prone to tilting (with all the ensuing consequences).
  7. Those who wish to become the owner of a good water vacuum cleaner should get ready to part with a rather impressive amount - the average price for them ranges from $ 500 to $ 1,000. You can, of course, purchase a unit for $ 200-300, but you should not expect high-quality cleaning from this.

Cyclonic vacuum cleaners

The centrifugal force is the basis of the action of cyclonic vacuum cleaners. Top of engineering? In a sense, yes. Only having appeared in the market, cyclonic vacuum cleaners instantly became fashionable and prestigious. Having a similar one at home was considered a sign that you are a modern person, actively using new technologies. But, just as in the case of water vacuum cleaners, the active exploitation of cyclones revealed a huge number of their shortcomings, which ultimately exceeded the number of advantages.

Types of vacuum cleaners, their pros and cons

Types of vacuum cleaners, their pros and cons

+ Pros of vacuum cleaners with a cyclone filter

  1. There is no need to regularly purchase dust bags. It’s hard to say how much you will save at the same time - it depends on the area of ​​the room and the frequency of cleaning in it - but hardly more than 500 rubles. in year.
  2. The suction force does not fall as the container is filled. This statement is true, unfortunately, only under the condition that the auxiliary filters designed to protect the engine are not clogged. But, as practice shows, these filters remain very short.

Types of vacuum cleaners, their pros and cons

- Disadvantages of dust bursts with a cyclone filter

  1. Centrifugal force is effective only for heavy particles. Hair, threads, down, household dust settle to the bottom of the container reluctantly, gradually clogging up the auxiliary filters of the vacuum cleaner.
  2. Solid particles trapped in the container, rotating, repeatedly collide with its walls. The consequence of this is increased noise, marked by all users of cyclonic vacuum cleaners.
  3. Rotating under the action of centrifugal force, the solid particles trapped inside the vacuum cleaner, with their sharp edges, scratch the plastic walls of the container. Over time, these walls, which were once transparent, become dull, which makes it difficult to control the state of filters and the amount of debris inside the container.
  4. Numerous vortex airflows that occur when a cyclone vacuum cleaner is operating charge its plastic parts. That is why cyclones, to a greater extent than their counterparts, tend to accumulate static electricity. The result is a rather painful sensation experienced by the user when touching the body of the unit.
  5. The instability of the vortex flows, observed when the vacuum cleaner is turned on / off, accidentally bending the hose, sucking the brush to the curtain, clothes or carpet, leads to a decrease in the quality of air cleaning. In addition, a sharp drop in the speed of the air flow is often the reason why a part of the dust that has already been collected is thrown out of the container onto the filters, while, of course, almost instantaneous pollution occurs.
  6. After each cleaning (and sometimes in the process of it) there is a need to clean the numerous auxiliary filters. This procedure is unpleasant and takes a lot of time.
  7. Rapid wear of auxiliary filters, the high cost of new and often the inability to find them in free sale are often the cumulative reason that owners of cyclone vacuum cleaners are forced to “write off” equipment that has not yet served its time.

Vacuum cleaners with a combined filtering circuit

Many owners of cyclone and water vacuum cleaners, realizing that it is at least inconvenient to use such equipment every day, but only when carrying out general cleaning, and for solving daily small tasks, they get an additional vacuum cleaner with a classic bag design - a compact and inexpensive one.

Some manufacturers went to meet the wishes of this large category of users and began producing vacuum cleaners with a combined filtering circuit - with a bag and an aqua filter, or with a bag and a cyclone filter. Such units provide the user with the opportunity to choose which filtering method is best used at the moment - filtration through the water layer (filtration using vortices) or classical filtration using a dust collector bag.

Types of vacuum cleaners, their pros and cons

Types of vacuum cleaners by design type

Cylindrical vacuum cleaners

Cylindrical vacuum cleaners have been and remain the most common in our country. These are the most common, familiar to us all units with a hose. The cylindrical shape in the case of modern models has already been guessed with difficulty, but this name has historically been fixed precisely for this type of vacuum cleaners.

Cylindrical vacuum cleaners are ideal for everyday tasks. They are lightweight, compact, maneuverable, and do an excellent job of cleaning in hard-to-reach places (including under furniture) and on flights of stairs. Compared with their closest competitors - vertical vacuum cleaners - cylindrical, usually less noisy and more reliable.

Along with indisputable advantages cylindrical vacuum cleaners and some drawbacks. In particular, the high power of the engine makes them inefficient from the point of view of energy saving. As a big drawback of classic vacuum cleaners, many users will undoubtedly call the untidiness of their storage: a poorly bending hose usually takes up more space than residents of small apartments would like, and it does not look quite aesthetic.

Types of vacuum cleaners, their pros and cons

Vertical vacuum cleaners

Vertical vacuum cleaners are most common in the West - surely you have seen one in an American film. Such models are a cylindrical body, attached directly to the brush, forming with her like a whole.

The main purpose of vertical vacuum cleaners is cleaning a large area. And they cope with this task, I must say, not bad. But to collect dust under the bed or in the immediate vicinity of baseboards - for them, as a rule, the problem. It is very difficult to work with a short cord, which is supplied with almost all models of this type - you have to use an extension cord or constantly change the connection point to the power supply.

Thanks to the placement of the engine in the immediate vicinity of the brush, high power is not required to provide the necessary suction power, which means that a vertical vacuum cleaner can be attributed to energy-efficient technology. This design also has an unpleasant feature - loud noise produced by a vacuum cleaner during operation.

Due to the presence of a motorized brush, vertical vacuum cleaners do an excellent job with hair collection - this ability will surely appeal to pet owners. And when you see how compact and neat this type of vacuum cleaner is in storage, you will also become a fan of it.

Types of vacuum cleaners, their pros and cons

Upright mains powered vacuum cleaner.

Types of vacuum cleaners, their pros and cons

Upright vacuum cleaner.

Handheld vacuum cleaner

A handheld vacuum cleaner can be considered a kind of vertical, but much more compact and powered not from the power grid, but from batteries. Such devices are designed to clean small surfaces and collect small debris in the most inaccessible places.

The main advantage of a handheld vacuum cleaner is its dimensions. It is because of its compactness and low weight, such devices allow you to reach the most distant and seemingly inaccessible corners, and even children can control them. Yes, and issues with the storage of equipment you will not have - for such a baby there is always a place.

Not without cost, of course, without flaws. Chief among them, typical of any battery-powered equipment, is limited operation time and long recharging. However, since it is not a question of a complete cleaning of a large area using a handheld vacuum cleaner, it is quite possible to accept this.

Types of vacuum cleaners, their pros and cons

Built-in vacuum cleaners

Built-in (or stationary) vacuum cleaner is a powerful dust extraction system, the power unit of which is installed in the utility room. Connection to this central unit is carried out via pneumatic sockets mounted in the walls of living rooms. All you need to do to start cleaning is to stick a hose into one of these air inlets. This closes the electrical contacts that drive the entire system. The air sucked in by the hose along with dust and other small debris enters the dust collector of the integrated vacuum cleaner

. First, it is convenient to work with such equipment - it is not necessary to carry (or carry) a vacuum cleaner from room to room, it is enough to reconnect the hose to another wall inlet. Secondly, the built-in vacuum cleaners work silently (the vacuum cleaner motor, of course, creates noise, and a considerable one, but since it is located somewhere far away, the user does not hear it). Thirdly, the flow of air emanating from a vacuum cleaner, can not raise the dust from the still uncleaned surfaces, because the exhaust is located in the same place as the power unit, that is, in the technical room.

The disadvantages of this type of vacuum cleaner are also obvious. First, the suction power of such vacuum cleaners is relatively small, which is a consequence of the long length of the ducts connecting the access points to the power unit. Secondly, cleaning a clogged built-in duct (and the probability of this is by no means small) is not an easy task, as a rule, this requires the involvement of a specialist. Thirdly, residual dust in air ducts is a reproduction center for dust mites. And, of course, many simply cannot afford such equipment - the price of the vacuum cleaner itself and the cost of its installation and maintenance scares off.

Types of vacuum cleaners, their pros and cons

Types of vacuum cleaners, their pros and cons

A separate type is built-in base vacuum cleaners that are mounted on the kitchen base and allows you to quickly collect garbage in the kitchen.

Robot Vacuum

The dream of many about integrating robotics into human everyday life begins to come true. The first robot that came to the service of people to help solve small household tasks was a vacuum cleaner.

A vacuum cleaner, which is oriented in space with the help of ultrasound, easily “recognizes” walls, furniture legs, doorways, stairs. At the same time, a kind of "terrain map" is formed in its electronic "brains", which means that next time it will take less time to scan the space. When the batteries of the robot sit down, he easily finds his charger, and after recharging resumes cleaning it from the place where it was suspended. Being very compact, it will easily climb under the bed and other furniture, which cannot be reached with a regular vacuum cleaner. What the robot vacuum cleaner can't do is unload the collected dust. But after all, the owner should leave a little bit of work ...

Many consider robots to be just a toy. This is partly true. In terms of suction power, these small devices cannot with their large and powerful brethren. But they take perseverance.Unlike a human, a robot will persistently carry out the program laid down in it, without referring to employment, fatigue, and headache. .. Of course, you should not expect that for a penny you can get a full-fledged assistant: buying a cheap robot vacuum cleaner, you get exactly a toy. ..

Types of vacuum cleaners, their pros and cons

Types of vacuum cleaners depending on the method of cleaning

Vacuum cleaners for dry cleaning

The vast majority of vacuums sold are vacuum cleaners designed for dry cleaning The principle of operation of such units is already known to you: a rapidly rotating fan creates a vacuum and due to this, it sucks the air in along with the dust and small debris under the brush, then this air passes through the filtration system and is already cleansed is released back into the atmosphere.

Types of vacuum cleaners, their pros and cons

Washing Vacuum Cleaners

Washing Vacuum Cleaners can do the same thing as their brethren, but they are also adapted for wet cleaning. To clean the floor, collect spilled liquid or wet garbage for them is not difficult.

How does this technique work? Inside the washing vacuum cleaner there are two tanks with water. From the first water (clean or with detergent dissolved in it) flows through special capillaries and is sprayed, evenly moistening the floor surface under the brush. Under the action of discharge, the dirty water, which became such in the process of mixing with dust, is sucked into the mud diverting channels and enters the second tank, designed to collect "mining".

Washing vacuum cleaners are an indispensable thing for large families and owners of several pets. He will become an indispensable assistant during the general cleaning in a large apartment or house. But for a small daily cleaning of a small-sized apartment, a washing vacuum cleaner, with all its advantages, is not very suitable - for such tasks it is too large, heavy, clumsy and requires a lot of time for maintenance upon completion of work.

Types of vacuum cleaners, their pros and cons

Types of vacuum cleaners, depending on the purpose

The vast majority of manufactured vacuum cleaners are designed for cleaning residential premises. But there is a cleaning technique that has another highly specialized purpose. First of all, we are talking about construction and car vacuum cleaners.

Construction vacuum cleaners

A construction vacuum cleaner at first glance doesn’t differ in size except for ordinary household ones. However, having the same principle of operation and a similar device, it is still designed to solve very different tasks.

A household vacuum cleaner that does a good job with ordinary household dust will probably not be able to handle small pebbles. Worse things will be if there is a small fraction of building dust in his way: he, of course, easily “absorbs” it, but also easily “spits” out of himself along with the air flow. The saddest thing is that part of the "undigested" dust gets into the engine, which is likely to cause the equipment to fail.

The construction vacuum cleaner was originally designed to collect large volumes of production and construction waste - chips, small stones, wood or cement dust, etc. This is possible due to the fact that such a vacuum cleaner has a particularly powerful engine, a highly efficient multi-stage system filtration, increased dust collector volume, larger than usual hose diameter.

Types of vacuum cleaners, their pros and cons

Car vacuum cleaners

Car vacuum cleaner, as its name implies, is designed for cleaning the interior of the car. Due to its compact size, it allows you to reach the most inaccessible places. Some vacuum cleaners are able to suck up liquid, which is especially useful in winter, when carpets collect puddles of melted snow on car mats.

A car vacuum cleaner can work either from the vehicle’s electrical system or from the battery. For the operation of the first type, you only need to connect to the cigarette lighter. Rechargeable vacuum cleaners require constant recharging, but if necessary, can be used outside the vehicle.

Types of vacuum cleaners, their pros and cons


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