Now there are many different technologies that make life easier for a person, and ... his wallet. But, for the reason that the wallet is not heavy anyway, then such a topic as well drilling itself is interesting for many people. In this article we will see what it is and how it is possible to perform such work without a brigade of specialists.
We will not consider what a well is needed for, because only those people who have a problem with water supply are interested in this issue. So, you are faced with a choice, and do not know which of the many proposed drilling methods to choose.
One of the advantages of this method is that hydrobugging with a small-sized installation can be carried out on a well-maintained territory, without fear that the plot will be similar to the battlefield after the bombing.
To begin with, well drilling requires a small-sized drilling rig that does not spoil the backyard plot and is best suited for working with sandy, clay or loamy soil.
With regard to drilling technology, there are also advantages over other types of drilling. Here they are:
If the soil is rocky, the hydrodrilling method is unacceptable, since the principle of the installation is based on leaching the soil from the well. In this case, all the eroded particles rise to the surface along with circulating water.
Hydraulic Drilling Technology
Hydraulic Drilling of a Well-Drilled Rig (MBU) is one of the simplest and very common ways. This method differs from the others in that it uses the energy of a liquid that flows with great pressure, but since it is necessary to break not only the soil, but also hard rocks, quartz sand and even steel shot can be added to the liquid. In some cases, the aid connects cone or chisel bits.
If you purchase this equipment, please note that the motor pump is not included in the kit, and you need to purchase it separately. When choosing this unit, take into account the characteristics - the power of the motor pump must meet the requirements specified in the description of the drilling rig.
Hydraulic drilling pattern
As drilling the solution is not absorbed by the soil, but rises along with the rock to the top, then it is necessary to provide conditions for its storage by making some preparations. It is necessary not far from the place of drilling to dig 2 pit, 1 * 1 * 1 m each. Water will flow into the first pit, taking all the solid particles with it to the bottom, and then it will be poured into the second, and from where it will be pumped into the drilling rig. Such a circulation of water will not only help save on its consumption, but also will not allow the dirt to spread over the site. In addition, this fluid cools the drilling tool, and grinds the borehole walls, strengthening them. Also, the technical solution prevents water release from pressure reservoirs, because the fluid in the well is under pressure.
Installation for hydrodrilling
Before you start, you need make some preparations:
Start the rig, and turn on the motor pump immediately. After the drill rod has sunk to its full length, increase the drill string by attaching the next rod to it. The drill string needs to be extended with drill rods until the drill reaches its target, the aquifer. When this happens, the drilling fluid will stop rising to the top under pressure, and the water level in the pit will begin to decline.
After the cheers, some relaxation occurs and a reduction in vigilance, since the Internet is full of questions about how to get a drill from a well, and the reality is that it may be cheaper to buy a new drill than to get an old one.Therefore, when pulling out the drill after passing it to the aquifer, you need to fix the remaining part of the equipment with a special clamp, as it can roll in the pipe wrench, which holds it so as not to twist, and collapse. If there is no clamp, then take a strong cable, and each time be safe when unscrewing the upper piece of the drill, making a loop on it, tie the second edge to the tree. If there are no trees nearby, then take a strong log and fasten a cable on it in the middle. Only when everything is ready you can enjoy. Now you need to wash the well with clean water and shake.
This video shows the work of a small-sized drilling rig in action.