Types of siding for house trim

Manufacturers offer different types of siding - basement, ceramic, steel, wood, cement, aluminum, copper. Siding today has gained immense popularity. It is used for cladding of private houses, office buildings, commercial premises, etc. This material has won this recognition due to its qualities - durability, strength, attractive and neat appearance.

Types of siding for house trim

What is siding and its advantages

Siding is separate panels that are very conveniently fastened together. Externally, the finish siding is similar to the board trim. Each panel has a latch and a perforated edge for nails. Siding strips come in different sizes. The length, as a rule, varies from 2 to 6 meters, width 10-30 cm, thickness up to 10 mm.

Siding profile is performed in two versions: herringbone (single fracture) or shipboard (double). This does not affect the quality of the material, and the profile is selected only on the basis of personal preferences. Siding texture often imitates natural wood. For protection from impact, scratches and corrosion using a special polymer coating or paint.

Siding retains its qualities and original appearance for several decades. It perfectly protects the building from the effects of atmospheric phenomena. This is a very lightweight, easy-to-use material that looks great in any landscape. In addition, siding is environmentally safe and easy to clean. It is easy to clean and does not require periodic painting, unlike wood materials.

All types of siding for covering the house are very easy to install and can be cladding the building on your own. Installation of siding does not require special skills, including careful preparation of the wall surface. On the contrary, it helps to hide many irregularities and other flaws.

Types of vinyl siding

Vinyl siding is made of polyvinyl chloride. It is a solid strip, which is otherwise called panels. Each panel is a solid sheet that is given the desired shape.

Vinyl siding does not crack, does not crack, does not rot and is of no interest to insects, unlike materials from wood. The advantage of siding is that it does not support the combustion process, but simply melts under the influence of high temperatures.

PVC panels are used both for the construction of new buildings and for the finishing of old houses. Often, simultaneously with the installation of siding produce insulation of the building, since the insulation is very convenient to lay in the crate space.

Vinyl siding is available in standard sizes:

  • length - 3000 mm, 3660 mm, 3730 mm, 3850 mm;
  • width - 205 mm and 255 mm;
  • thickness - 1.1 mm and 1.2 mm.

Advantages of PVC panels:

  • low flammability;
  • environmental safety;
  • resistance to exposure to atmospheric agents and chemicals. He has worked well in conditions of high humidity and moderate acid or alkaline environment. Does not crack, does not warp on the sun and does not rot;
  • operating temperature range is 0 t -50 to +50 degrees. Under such conditions, it does not burst and does not change the original shade;
  • easy to operate: easy to clean with a hose and does not require additional painting during the entire service life;
  • a huge selection of colors and shades;
  • does not interfere with the ventilation of the house, as it does not seal the walls tightly;
  • holes in the lower edges of the panels prevent condensation from accumulating. This protects the insulation material and wooden elements of construction from rotting;
  • due to the possibility of insulation, saves money for heating the house;
  • low price compared to other types of facing materials;
  • high reliability, which avoids costly and energy-intensive repairs.
  • The texture of the external surface of the panels can be smooth or rough, imitating natural wood.

There are two ways to install PVC panels: horizontal and vertical. Vertical siding is applied relatively recently. In another way it is called a soffit.

Soffit is used for exterior trim. Basically, it is laid with a filing of the roofs instead of plastic lining, which was used earlier.

Today there are about 15-20 siding colors on the market. All of them can be divided into three main groups:

  • white;
  • pastel;
  • colored.

Most often you can find siding in pastel shades. This type is optimal in terms of price, visual and operational qualities.

The siding of bright colors also has a very attractive look. But at the same time it costs twice as much as usual material.This increase in price is due to the need to add expensive substances that prevent burnout in the sun.

Types of siding for house trim

Plinth siding and its types

Plinth siding is a kind of vinyl panels that are used specifically for finishing the plinth. Such siding has higher strength characteristics. The basement is exposed to destructive factors much more than the rest of the house. In summer, it is very hot from the sun and asphalt pavement. And in winter it is in conditions of high humidity due to sticking snowdrifts.

The variety in basement siding design is much larger than that of simple vinyl panels. Of the many colors and textures, you can always choose the best option. Most often, basement siding models imitate alternative natural facing materials: wood, stone, brick, etc.

The panels are used to finish both external and internal surfaces. Ground siding is used for:

  • covering the walls of the house and the foundation;
  • creating the facade of the building with a ventilation system and a layer of insulation;
  • creating the original design of garages, baths, fences, arbors, etc.;
  • decorating walls inside rooms for various purposes.

Among the many advantages of basement siding, we can single out the most important ones:

  • moisture resistance (makes it possible to use it in saunas and swimming pools);
  • lightness (perfect for ceiling lining);
  • quick and easy installation (allows for assembly and reconstruction of temporary exhibition stands).

Types of siding for house trim

Types of metal siding

Aluminum siding. This material is suitable for decoration of residential premises, offices, industrial buildings. Due to the lightness of the panels (only 1.7 kg per sq. M.), Safe use is possible in high-rise buildings. This type of siding is ideal in a situation where you need to quickly bring the building into a decent look. In a short time, you can upgrade the walls and ceilings of the building, while avoiding complicated expensive repairs.

Metal siding. It is a light long panels of various widths: 120, 300 and 550 mm. Each panel provides locks with which they are fastened together.

The most common material is galvanized steel. Coating is applied to the surface. One of the coating options is a polymeric material - polyester, plastisol, pural. In this case, the choice of color is limited to only six or eight shades. Another type is coloring by applying a special powder. With this method, the color scheme is much more diverse.

Metal siding has advantages over vinyl:

  • increased strength characteristics;
  • durability;
  • resistance to sudden differences temperatures;
  • color fastness;
  • incombustibility.

In addition, metal siding has hidden fastenings, which significantly improves the appearance of the structure. This is especially important when it comes to facades.

Types of siding for house trim

Ceramic siding

Ceramic siding is a fairly new invention for cladding and decorating the front side of a building. This is the best material for finishing in the middle price category. Developments related to ceramic siding belong to practical Japanese specialists. They try to use everything that nature gives with benefit and a rational approach.

Ceramics for siding is a mixture of clay interspersed with other natural materials. The panels are environmentally friendly, hypoallergenic and fireproof. The quality of the ceramic cladding can easily compare with the ceramic tiles of high strength.

Types of siding for house trim

Cement siding

The cement siding includes cellulose fiber and, in fact, cement. At the final stage of manufacturing such panels, a texture imitating wood is applied to the surface using a special method.

Among the many advantages of cement siding are the following:

  • good resistance to temperature changes, precipitation, wind, ultraviolet rays, mold, fungus;
  • cement siding is not exposed to insects;
  • allows you to quickly update an existing building, give it a fresh look, decorate the facade, align the walls;
  • can be used in buildings with increased fire safety requirements due to high fire resistance qualities;
  • long service life;
  • good color-matching ness;
  • ease of installation and ease of maintenance.

Compared with other types, the following disadvantages can be mentioned:

  • a large weight for which the crate should be more durable;
  • high cost;
  • inconvenience and difficulty during cutting: it is necessary to use protective equipment (masks or respirators) to avoid silicon dust in the face and lungs.

Types of siding for house trim

Wooden siding

In another way, wooden siding is called glued clapboard. The panels are made of wood fibers, pressed at high pressure and high temperature. For the best connection of the fibers with each other, special resins are added.

For reliable protection from external influences, wooden siding has to be covered with several layers of varnish or paint. Recently, wood siding is used less and less. And with the advent of new materials and completely fades into the background.

This is due to the following disadvantages of this material:

  • high cost;
  • short lifetime;
  • tendency to inflammation;
  • high moisture absorption;
  • the need for tinting and impregnation over the entire service life in order to do without a major overhaul as long as possible.

Types of siding for house trim

Photos of various types of siding

Types of siding for house trimTypes of siding for house trimTypes of siding for house trim

Types of siding for house trimTypes of siding for house trimTypes of siding for house trim

Types of siding for house trimTypes of siding for house trimTypes of siding for house trim

Types of siding for house trimTypes of siding for house trimTypes of siding for house trim

Types of siding for house trimTypes of siding for house trimTypes of siding for house trim

Video: Decorative panels for cladding buildings


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