One of the stages of building a "house" for your car, or rather, the construction of a roof, often raises many questions. What to choose: flat roof or attic, cheap slate or beautiful decking, insulate the slopes themselves or make a "warm" overlap?
In this article we will tell you how to make a roof of a garage on your own, consider the option of a single-sided and two-sided roof.
First, decide what kind of garage you need: a "warm" (heated) or cold box that can only hide your car from rain and snow?
Covering with roofing felt
Now choose the type of roof:
As an option, you can consider the device above the garage attic or high-grade second floor.
Depending on the type of roofing, it is necessary to choose the option of its insulation:
Choose a suitable roofing material for your type of roof.
All these actions (selection of the type of roof) should be carried out even at the design stage, since depending on the chosen construction, its weight and, consequently, the load that the roof will have on the foundation (which in turn will affect the size of the foundation and its form: tape, columnar or slab-base under the whole garage).
Run the roof of the garage if you chose flat roof, you can, but it is better to invite experts. First of all, it’s still impossible to put the finished slabs on your own (without a crew with a crane operator), and secondly, even pouring the concrete slab manually, you will need a certain amount of concrete already prepared (to make it at a time), formwork, reinforcement cages and, of course, assistants (who have already done something similar).
In the case of pouring a monolithic concrete slab directly on the garage, it is usually made strictly horizontal, and the slope is created later by laying insulation (for example, expanded clay).
If, however, circular hollow core slabs (or other types of slabs) are mounted, the slope can be created immediately during the installation process (after completing the front wall above the rest (the height difference should provide a slope of at least 2 cm per 1 meter of slab length) .
Shed form The most simple and affordable option for beginners who want to make a roof over the garage is a shed roof. as a supporting structure (rafters), you can use metal or wooden beams, as well as fastening two boards.
Installation of single-pitch roof beams:
To perform a gable roof, you will need to build a more complex version of the truss system. At the same time, if the roofing material you have chosen requires a significant slope (otherwise it will, for example, too much snow linger on the roof or rain water fall under it with a strong wind), then it is better not to make an attic, but an attic (inside which to place the exploited room). ).
The construction process
The entrance to the attic floor is better to provide along an external staircase made of non-combustible materials.
Repair of a soft roof
To perform repair work of a soft the roof of the garage will require the following set of tools:
Before the start of the repair, the nature of the roof should be taken into account. In most cases, garages are in one row. And if you decide to carry out a complete repair of the roof, then you will need to contact the neighbors and agree with them about it. Otherwise, it is unlikely that anyone would like to have a part of its roof destroyed.
Repairing a solid roof is only necessary in dry and warm weather.
Identification of problem areas
Remove all foliage and other contaminants from the roof surface. After that, inspect the roof again and decide how exactly to repair the roof - full or partial. If the roof is more than 10 years old, then it may already have cracks, swellings, and the seams simply split. Finding a problem area, do not rush to shoot everything. Cut it crosswise and press this area tightly. If there are cracks, then the ax can be cut through in these places. Next, you need to clean these places from dust and debris. For this you can use a hairdryer and gas burner.
One of the easiest ways to repair the roof of a garage is to cover it with roofing felt. The main advantage of this material is low price. Moreover, it is an excellent waterproofing material that protects the roof of the garage from its leakage. The holes made earlier can be covered just with ruberoid. For partial repair, the roofing material can be cut into small pieces. Put this segment on the hole and press it. Top it with a coat of mastic or resin. After that, the bent old roofing felt can be pressed again and covered with mastic as well.
The cut piece of roofing material should be more than 20 cm of the damaged area. This will provide high-quality waterproofing.
After that, you can leave everything as it is or add a new layer of roofing material across the entire roof surface.
If you decide to close the roof with a new layer of roofing material, you should first spread it onto the surface and let it stand for 24 hours. To carry out the work, you will need a resin to combine the old coating of roofing material with a new one. It also protects all joints from leaking. Preparation of the resin is carried out in a tin bucket or in another container, which is subject to disposal after the work. To do this, melt torch tar to the consistency of thick cream.
Roofing with roofing felt
When the resin is ready, fill in part of the roof and lay roofing material on top. After that, gently walk on its surface. The next sheet is put with overlap in the direction of the slope by 12 cm, therefore it is recommended to start laying the first sheet from the bottom point.
If in the course of the laying of the ruberoid bubbles form, then it is enough to pierce a small hole and press this area tightly. If necessary, this place can be poured resin.
The first layer of roofing material should dry. 12 hours is enough for this. Next, you can install the second layer. At the same time, make sure that the joints of the first and second layers do not coincide. This will completely eliminate the possibility of moisture penetrating the layers of the soft roof.
Preparation of mastic
If there are places where the roof is adjacent to the wall, then this place should be given Special attention. Here, perhaps, it is important to use a sheet of tin. Most likely, in the corner you will need to make several layers of roofing material. At the same time, each layer must dry thoroughly.
If the angle of the slope of the garage roof is less than 15 °, then at least 4 layers of roofing material will be required. If the slope of the slope is greater than 16 °, then not less than 2 layers.
There is another technology for making waterproofing of the roof of the garage. For this it is not necessary to use roofing felt. A fused material known as bikrost may be used. This waterproofing material is ideal for repairing a soft roof.
The process for applying it is as follows:
Corner treatment from laying of roofing material. The only advantage is that you do not need to prepare the resin. Believe me, this is an unpleasant and painstaking process. However, the result will be no worse.
If no resin was used to cover your garage, but, for example, decking, then the nature of its repair will be different. In most cases, it is likely that it will be sufficient to replace the damaged coating sheets. Although there are times when a tree has fallen on the roof. In this case, the repair will be major, including the process of manufacturing crates for flooring.
If, however, it is necessary to perform repairs partially, first of all, dismantle the old sheet and attach a new one. It is very important that it coincides in the wave. It is also important to ensure that the overlap is correct. Screwed sheet special screws for corrugated.
If the length of the garage is 6 m, and a sheet of material is 1 m, then the entire roof will require 12 sheets of corrugated flooring for the entire roof.
If the coating is of metal tile, the process of its repair is almost identical. The only thing that is important to control is the locks that connect the tiles.
By following these recommendations, you will be able to repair the roof. This will significantly reduce costs than would have to build it again. And with all this, always remember, very often the coating needs partial repair, and this is a significant savings. But most importantly, you can do all the work yourself.
In the provided video material, you can learn more about the intricacies of making a roof for a garage:
The photo shows various designs of roofs for the garage:
The four-rolled roof of the garage
Roof of corrugated
A concrete roof
The roof of metal
Of soft tile