The problem of excessive noise in the house is not as harmless as it may seem. With the modern rhythm of life in the city, the extra noise, exceeding the permissible level by even a few decibels, turns into a threatening factor that prevents to relax, relieve tension and causes nervous exhaustion. The solution to this problem is the most important task of architects and builders. Different types of noise insulation cope with their functions in different ways, but, one way or another, they reduce noise pressure.
Soundproof materials have been developed on the basis of both natural and synthetic components, designed to come into contact with different wall materials, differ in different density, elasticity, level of water resistance, resistance to burning and, of course, installation technology. What are the modern materials for sound insulation of walls in an apartment or house and how to choose the best view for each particular use case, will be discussed in this review.
Russian manufacturer Max Forte offers a wide selection of innovative sound-proof materials developed in collaboration with scientists from the Department of Acoustics of the Physics Faculty of Moscow State University and tested in the building institutes Physics RAS, NIIMstroy and Vibroacoustics Research Institute. The product range allows you to perform high-quality sound insulation with composite materials, both residential buildings and offices, hotels, shopping centers and industrial workshops.
Maxforte's main materials:
They differ in scope and some technical characteristics, but are equally safe in an ecological sense and are allowed without restriction for use in civil and industrial construction.
Designed for sound insulation of premises with a large sound pressure indicator - cinemas, recording studios, concert halls, home cinemas. Even in neighboring rooms with similar or similar rooms, the sound is almost inaudible - the noise absorption level according to the NRC index is only 0.92 units (50 mm layer thickness, 0.95 units at 100 mm)
The noise insulator from volcanic mineral rocks without the addition of phenols, formaldehyde or other binders with toxic properties. When heated to a high temperature, the material does not emit odors and volatile substances that can cause allergic reactions.
EKoplita Max Forte does not burn and does not support combustion, perfectly protects the house from heat loss, is resistant to high humidity, is not afraid of rodents, mold and fungal infections. The cost of ECO slabs is close to a similar rock wool sound insulator, but in many respects it is far ahead of it.
Technical specifications of Maxforte Eco-tile:
|Dimensions, m||1Х0,6Х0,2 - 0.3|
|Weight of the element, kg||7|
|Plate capacity, m 3||0.12|
|The area of the plates in the package, m 2||2.4|
|Operating temperature, 0 C||- 260 - +900|
Installation of ECO plates is carried out both outside and inside the premises under exterior plaster, siding, wall paneling, and gypsum board.
Standart rolled material is characterized by low sound permeability and high sound absorption, which determines its use in rooms with high requirements for acoustics - cinemas, concert halls, recording studios, and classrooms. When insulating walls and ceilings in apartment buildings, it provides almost complete isolation from street noise and sounds from neighboring apartments.
Also, MaxForte Standart has a high level of hydro and thermal insulation. Such a combined action, combined with ease of installation, ensures the demand for material in residential and industrial construction of all levels. The material does not burn (group G1) does not emit volatile substances, does not interact with cement, gypsum, lime and other components of building materials.
Standart is manufactured on a rubber basis, its thickness is only 12 mm. Elasticity and lightness make it possible to most effectively isolate complex architectural structures, without a noticeable effect on the internal volume of the room. The material is unique in its own way; a patent of the Russian Federation No. 105195 dated 25. 01. 2011 was obtained for it; no single plant in Russia and Europe produces analogues.
Technical specifications of Maxforte Standart
|Coil area, m 2||8.4|
|Impact noise reduction index, dB||47|
|Airborne sound attenuation level, dB||0.8|
|Sound absorption index, αw, MN||0.45|
Material is used outside and inside rooms on walls and ceilings, installation of underfloor heating in the system is allowed.
A complex multi-layer structure filled inside with dry quartz sand absorbs the sounds of the entire audible spectrum, including the lowest ones. Sound insulation index is 48 dB. Heavy construction, due to the sandy filler, not only eliminates the possibility of resonance, but also minimizes the reflection of sound waves, which is very important in soundproofing studios or spacious classrooms and halls.
Panels are used for sound insulation of walls and floors, installation of partitions, including mobile ones. Low thickness - only 12 mm provides the same sound insulation as the layer of rolled materials up to 50 - 100 mm. Large intrinsic stiffness simplifies installation. The durable multi-layer frame of cellulose-containing materials and hard skin make the ECO panels an independent structural material. Installation technology resembles the installation of drywall.
EcoPanel MaxForte Specifications
|Sheet Dimensions, mm||1200Х800Х12|
|Weight kg / m 2||19.7|
|Shock noise absorption, dB||33|
|Reduced airborne noise, dB||48|
|Compressive strength kg / m 2||≥ 1000|
EcoPanel MaxForte is used in the form of solid structures for covering walls and ceilings, installation under floor coverings, and also in the form of separate fragments - for sound insulation columns, doors, casings stationary machines.
The production material of Eco Acoustics is polyester - a derivative of polyester in the form of fibers. Typically, various resins and synthetic binders are used to compound and shape them. But in Akustik used innovative technology of sintering threads at high temperature. This allowed to exclude from the composition of environmentally hazardous substances, while maintaining the required strength.
Polymer fibers are laid out in a special way designed at the Department of Acoustics at Moscow State University. The structure of the non-woven canvas, the resulting, provides not only high mechanical strength, but also a low transmittance of sound with a high absorption of noise of the entire audible spectrum.
Polyester in its physical and chemical properties - the material is quite unique. He:
Unlike glass wool and some other heat and noise insulators, the material does not create discomfort during installation - the fibers adhere tightly to the bulk of the material and there is no need to use safety equipment and working clothes when working with it. You can cut the canvas with ordinary scissors.
Specifications of Max Forte Eco Acoustics
|Density, kg / m 3||1000|
|Sheet / package area, m 2||0.72 / 2.88|
|Sheet / package weight, kg||0.75 / 3|
|Heat conductivity coefficient, W / (mx K)||0.032|
It is used in residential buildings and offices, frame structures and metal structures in vertical and horizontal position.
The material for sound insulation of the floor is intended. Differs in the increased flexibility and elasticity in combination with mechanical durability. It is made in the form of rolls and laid under parquet, wooden floor, laminate, ceramic tiles. Excellent hydro insulator. It can be installed on the first floors of unheated rooms - ShumoIzol is not afraid of low temperatures, maintaining its properties and integrity up to 25 degrees of frost.
It is produced in the form of a two-layer material with a non-woven polyester coating and a bituminous base layer. Depending on the type of flooring laid one side up or the other. Before installation, you must carefully study the instructions. Butt-and-roll rolls are connected, the seams are insulated with mounting tape or single-component liquid rubber.
Specifications of Max Forte ShumoIzol
|Roll dimensions, m||10Х1Х0.05|
|Area, m 2||10|
|Temperature range of use, 0С||- 25 ... + 85|
|Noise reduction index, dB||27|
It is used for noise and vibration insulation in residential premises, production workshops, power generating enterprises. There are no restrictions on the use of environmental indicators.
Sound-insulating materials from the Russian company OOO RUS KORDA belong to a multi-layer family.
There are the following types of material:
This is a quite elastic material - it can be rolled out as flat surfaces, and bends, beams and other structural elements. It is installed both in horizontal and vertical position, requires mechanical protection from top with finishing materials. Suitable for siding, paneling, chipboard, fiberboard, CSL, dry plaster and drywall. On the floor under the screed fits under the waterproofing film.
ThermoZvukoIzol has excellent vapor permeability, it is non-flammable, it stores heat well in the house and can be used without additional insulation of walls and ceilings. As soundproofing of the walls in the apartment, modern materials from CORD have practically no competitors.
Produced in rolls of standard size - 10,000 x 1,500 x 10-14 mm. There are no other forms of release, if the store offers material in the form of mats, pillows or other form factors - it means there is a fake in front of you, which, alas, is quite a lot on the market. This indicates not only the desire of fraudsters to earn fraudulently, but also the popularity of the material. Not in demand products do not fake.
The same release form is also used for the ThermoZvukoIzol Forte material, which is distinguished by improved characteristics. As well as usual TermoZvukoIzol, it is applied on walls, ceilings, floors. You can also buy a sound insulation tape with dimensions of 1000 x 130 x 14 mm for insulation of pipelines and structural elements.
The working temperature of the material is in the range of -100 ° C to + 140 ° C, thermal conductivity within the limits of “A” is 0.034 (W / m K), and water absorption is up to 49.5%. Produced in thicknesses of 10 and 14 mm, modification Forte - 12 mm.
|Name||Sound absorption, dB||Reduced impact noise, frequency ratio||Vibration reduction, frequency ratio|
|ThermoSound 10 mm||28||4||12|
|TermoZvukoIzol 14 mm||33||4||13|
|TermoZvukoIzol tape||17 - 90%||15||15|
TermoZvukoIzol material is used in all modifications at civil and industrial construction sites at various levels - from cottages and summer houses to large-scale Commercial objects, residential complexes and shopping centers. The manufacturability, fire resistance, low weight and small thickness make it possible to apply it almost without restrictions in rooms with a dry and normal microclimate.
Universal roll material for sound insulation and insulation of buildings of various categories, also has a significant level of waterproofing. There are two types of material: Sound Insulation and - Sound Insulation - M.
The material is a multilayer coating consisting of:
Sound insulation is designed to insulate floors, including warm ones, for installation under a floating screed, in attics and under a soft roof. The environmental safety of the material makes it possible to use it in children's, public and medical institutions without restrictions. In its composition there are no substances that can emit odors or toxic components when heated, as well as cause allergic reactions.
Sound insulation rolls are laid directly on the base with the bitumen part up, the joints are sealed with a special self-adhesive tape on a bitumen base, completely sealing the contact zone. The material is perfectly cut to size with ordinary scissors or knife. The low level of moisture absorption (less than 1%) allows using Sound Insulation in basements, basements, for hydro and thermal insulation of basements.
Technical specifications Acoustic
|Roll dimensions, mm||6 000 -20 000х1000х4-5 , 3|
|Shock noise absorption level, dB||25 - 28|
|Coil weight, kg||9.6 - 28.8|
|Coverage area, m 2||6 - 20|
|Compliance with GOST||16297-80, 27296-87|
It is used under the screed in all types of buildings of categories "A", "B" and "B ". Soundproof M is installed in floor heating systems with electric or water heating.
The material created by innovative technology consists of wood fibers, mainly coniferous species. Wood is crushed and pressed in a certain way, resulting in a loose, but fairly strong structure, somewhat similar in properties to the cork. Weak connections between the fibers and the presence of air voids (up to 70%) determine low thermal conductivity (not more than 0.042 W / m * K), high heat capacity ((2.3 kJ / kg * K) and active noise absorption.
Strength and the elasticity of the material allows it to be used for finishing walls, floors and ceilings, as part of a multi-layer heat and sound insulation in frame houses and stone houses, usually mounted on the inside of a room. High vapor permeability allows using it in living rooms, kitchens, bathrooms, baths, saunas . Material does not delay in lag, which excludes the emergence of conditions for the growth of mold or fungal infections.
As an active sound-proofing material, a soft board is used in residential and public buildings of all kinds. It not only has a low conductivity of percussion and airborne noise, but also actively absorbs sounds the entire frequency range and vibrations from working machines and equipment.
Installed by SoftBord under the exterior trim. It can be:
The warranty period for maintaining the mechanical integrity and basic properties exceeds 10 years. In reality, the service life is much longer. The pressing process does not use synthetic resins and other hazardous binders that can release volatile toxins or allergens. In terms of environmental friendliness, SoftBord is not inferior to ordinary wood.
Technical Specifications of Softboard
|Heat conductivity, W / m * K||0.042|
|Heat capacity, kJ / kg * K||2.3|
|Sound absorption coefficient,%||80|
|Sound reduction level, dB||Up to 35|
|Water absorption,%||4 - 6|
|Operating temperature range, 0 С||- 50 ... + 140|
The density of the plate varies from one version to another. The range is 180 - 330 kg / m 3 , which determines different mechanical properties and weight. Usually slabs of lower density are laid on horizontal surfaces, more - on vertical ones. You can cut material by size using a conventional or band saw, jigsaw.
The sound-proof membranes of the Spanish company Texsa are used as a separate sound-proofing layer or in combination with other soft insulation and sound-insulating materials in the composition of multilayer coatings. The membrane thickness of just 3.7 mm does not significantly affect the size of the sound insulation layer, but it does allow to reduce the level of external noise by more than 25 - 28 dB. With the real possibility of the occurrence of impact noise, Tecsound is used in combination with vibration-proof materials, such as Schumanet, ThermoZvukoIzol, Polifoam and others with similar properties.
Tecsound has a high density, which is why it is quite elastic and can be used for sound insulation of the floor under a screed or a solid base made of plywood or chipboard. When temperature drops, the material is deformed slightly and is not able to affect the integrity of the protective insulating layer, antiseptic properties and a low level of absorption of water and steam allows it to be used in rooms with high humidity.
In terms of fire, it is absolutely safe, has antiseptic properties and is not damaged by rot, mold and other biological factors. The material is very plastic and is able to significantly stretch without breaks and cracks during thermal deformations or mechanical movements of the structure. According to its mechanical properties, it is very similar to thin-sheet lead, but it is absolutely non-toxic and can be used in the interior without restrictions.
Technical specifications Tecsound
|Roll dimensions, mm||5 000х 1220х3,7|
|Sound insulation index Rw, dB||28|
|Noise absorption level, dB||22|
As a membrane material in multilayer sound and heat insulation systems, Tecsound is used in all types of buildings, on ceilings, floors, walls and ceilings. It does not react with components of mortar, it is perfectly combined with mineral and polymer insulation of all kinds.
Sheet material for protection against impact, airborne noise and vibrations of the PhoneStar brand is produced both in Germany and in Russia, by the technical control of Wolf Bavaria, in laboratories which he was created. It is a rigid panel - a frame of pressed corrugated cardboard, filled with quartz sand or a special granular filler.
Cardboard provides proper stiffness in the vertical and horizontal position, and bulk filler dampens sound vibrations of any length. When installing sound insulation, it is necessary to prepare a wooden or metal crate, to which the panels are attached with self-tapping screws with a wide head. One panel with a horizontal installation on the ceiling requires at least 15 attachment points.
When installed on the floor, hardware is usually not used. On the wall, the number of fasteners depends on the type of exterior finish - they may be less for wallpaper or putty than for ceilings, and more for plaster. Joints are sealed with a special tape WOLF TAPE or construction tape. If the panels have to be cut to size, then the ends should also be taped to prevent spilling of the filler.
|Sheet dimensions, mm||1195x795x12|
|Area, m 2||0.95|
|Noise absorption index Rw, dB||36|
|Impact noise reduction,%||75|
Soundproof panels are used at all industrial and residential construction sites, both as a stand-alone sound-insulating material and as part of multi-layer structures, in combination with soft mineral sound-absorbing materials, gypsum plates, membranes and etc. Exterior finish products It is located directly on the panel with all types of plasters and putties, wallpaper, paints, siding or clapboard. Designed for indoor use.
Sound insulation materials of the German KNAUF concern, like all construction materials of this brand, belong to the professional class of products and are distinguished by unsurpassed quality and unique parameters. The company offers modern materials for sound insulation of walls in an apartment or house, which are distinguished by ease of installation and durability of operation.
The KNAUF product range has several types of sound-proofing materials, one of the most popular of which is the New AcoustaCNAUF.
This is an innovative material that surpasses the previously used in terms of stiffness, elasticity and ability to regain shape after mechanical deformations. Elasticity allows the material to tightly fill the carcass openings and hold there during vibrations or shock loads on walls and partitions during installation and further operation.
The main material is mineral fibers bonded with environmentally friendly ECOSE binder. Formaldehyde and phenols are not used in the production of AcoustiKNAUF New. According to the environmental indicators, the noise insulator is allowed without restrictions for use in residential buildings and apartments, children's and medical institutions, public places. It is not dusty, does not emit odors and toxic substances in any mode of operation, non-allergenic.
Specifications New AkustiKNAUF
|Sheet dimensions, mm||2130x610x50|
|Sheet area, m 2||0.75|
|Noise Reduction Level, dB||Up to 57|
|Density, kg / m 3||15.5|
The material is used to create a sound-proof gasket in an integrated multi-layered finish in combination with a gypsum board or a plasterboard. It is installed during interior decoration of walls, ceilings, partitions. Installation in designs hollow, under the rigid basis on a framework is possible.
Another product of the concern from Germany, KNAUF Insulation Acoustic Partition, is also in demand. Created on the basis of mineral wool, it performs both soundproofing and heat insulation functions.It is made in the form of plates or mats, characterized by a high level of elasticity. It is used in systems of dry finishing of walls and floors in residential and industrial construction. Differs in active sound absorption and protection from vibrations.
In the sound range of 125 - 4000 Hz, the noise absorption coefficient is 0.56 - 1, which makes it possible to reduce the overall sound background by 30 - 40 dB. Fine fibers (no more than 3–5 μm) in the form of long filaments (up to 150 mm) actively resist the propagation of sound waves and absorb their energy at all frequencies. The large dimensions of the plates and rolls allow minimizing the number of joints, which has a positive effect on the level of noise insulation and thermal protection.
Knauf Insulation Technical Specifications Acoustic Partition
|Plate dimensions, mm||1250х610х50|
|Roll dimensions, mm||7500x610x50|
|Sound absorption coefficient (50 mm)||0.25 - 0, 94|
|Noise reduction level, dB||30 - 40|
|Plate area, m 2||0.76|
|The area of the mat, m 2||4.575|
Knauf Insulation is used in frame systems of walls and partitions in all types of residential and industrial construction, it is actively used in systems of suspended ceilings and floors with any types covered d.
TechnoNIKOL Company is a world-famous manufacturer of roofing, soundproofing and heat-shielding materials. The company's products are in constant demand due to high quality and a wide range that satisfies any requests of builders.
Sound insulation material for interfloor overlappings is used to protect against impact noise propagating through the structural elements of the building frame. It is produced in two types - Acoustic Super A350 and Acoustic C B350.
The first one is a fiberglass with a polymer-bitumen layer applied and a method of thermal bonding to it with a sheet with high sound-proofing properties. The material is reinforced with a metallized film applied to the plane opposite to the soundproof layer. The material performs several functions - sound insulation, waterproofing and thermal insulation of floors.
Acoustic C B350 is a self-adhesive polyester metallized film with a bituminous layer applied on it and a sound insulating canvas. Designed for installation under cement screed. Predominantly Technoelast ACOUSTIC is installed in the system of floors, including those heated by electricity or heat-transfer fluid, but it is also actively used when installing partitions and protecting walls from the inside.
Specifications Acoustic Super A350 / C B350
|Density, kg / m 2||2.2 / 0.7|
|Noise Reduction Index , dB||27/23|
|Compliance with Standards||SNiP 23-03-2003, SP 51. 13330. 2011|
The material is used in the construction of multi-storey buildings for various purposes. There are no restrictions on environmental indicators.
Not less popular material for sound insulation from TechnoNIKOL. Used in unloaded systems of insulation and sound insulation when finishing any type of buildings. Created on the basis of mineral wool, treated with a binder with a minimum content of phenols. It is made in the form of plates with a sufficient level of elasticity, ensuring the preservation of shape and reliable retention in the openings of the frame.
Can also be used in systems of ventilated facades as a wall layer protected from the outside by a more durable material. With vertical installation in a rigid frame does not require additional fasteners. Produced in two forms - "Extra" and "Optima", differing in some basic parameters.
Technical specifications of Technolight Extra / Optima
|Dimensions, mm||1200x600x40 -200|
|Density, kg / m 3||30-38 / 34-42|
|combustibility||NG / NG|
|Water absorption,%||1.5 / 1.5|
|Sound absorption coefficient (100 mm)||0.55-0.96|
The use of Technolight is practically unlimited in all types of buildings for interior decoration of walls, floors and floors. The material is chemically resistant to mortars and paints, easily cut, is not damaged by mold, fungus and rodents, does not emit toxic gases, does not dust. At high or low temperature is not deformed.
The purpose of the Vector panel systems is to improve the sound insulation properties of already existing walls.The panel system is a complex of sandwich panels and plasterboard finishes up to 12.5 mm thick. The sandwich panel itself consists of external plasterboard walls and a fiberglass layer. For mounting the system, the installation of the frame is not required - the rigidity of the panels makes them self-supporting. The panels, moreover, are equipped with a tongue-and-groove system that facilitates installation and increases the strength of the structure.
Technical specifications of the ZIPS Vector
|Dimensions, mm||1500x500x40 (53)|
|Panel weight, kg||18.5|
|Sound absorption index, dB||18 - 20|
|External noise reduction level, dB||6 - 18|
Usually they are used in the repair, but there are no obstacles and for their use in new construction as part of a multi-layer finish. As an effective insulation of the walls in the apartment, modern materials for wallpaper, painting, decorative plaster, panels are used in residential and office premises, where the estimated sound pressure does not go beyond the limits of household noise. The maximum effect of the use of ZIPP is achieved only with strict adherence to the installation technology.
As well as the previous version, the “Module” system consists of two parts - the inner sandwich panel and the outer facing of the plasterboard. Internal insulation is a layered construction of a plasterboard frame and a mineral fiber of basalt rocks glued to it. This design provides the required rigidity, fire safety and environmental cleanliness. Assembly of additional frames is not required for mounting the ZIPS - panels are fastened directly to the wall using dowels or self-tapping screws (ideally, special vibration-damping fastening assemblies).
The tongue-and-groove locking system ensures the tightness and strength of the structure. Exterior finish HL with a thickness of 12.5 mm allows you to stick wallpaper, putty, paint, apply decorative plaster.
Technical specifications of the ZIPS Module
|Panel dimensions, mm||1500x500x70 (83)|
|Weight of the element, kg||19|
|Sound insulation level, dB||12 -20|
|Index Rw, dB||12- 14|
The system is designed for sound insulation of walls in rooms with an average sound pressure level - cafes, restaurants, shops, production workshops and workshops, where the level of noise produced can reach 100 dB. Evaluate the level of efficiency of the ZIPS Module is necessary only in combination with the properties of the wall material. On brick, concrete, cellular and ordinary concrete, it can be significantly different.
The most powerful of IPPS - Cinema is designed to protect against noise penetration from rooms with a significant level of sound generation - concert halls, industrial shops, machine, boiler rooms and pumping stations. The system actively reduces the intensity of sound vibrations, ranging from 80 Hz audible range.
"Cinema" is structurally similar to the "Module" system, only a layer of mineral fiber is much larger - up to 110 mm. This greatly increases the level of sound absorption, without reducing the overall mechanical strength.
Technical specifications of the ZIPS Cinema
|Dimensions, mm||1500x500x120 (133)|
|Noise reduction level, dB||10 - 24|
|Rw index, dB||16 - 18|
|Weight of the element, kg||21|
|Weight 1 m2||39.5|
The system is installed on brick, stone, concrete and plasterboard walls and partitions in rooms and halls for any purpose. The absence in the composition of toxic substances and synthetic resins allows the use of panels in residential and public buildings without restrictions on environmental safety.
The choice of the best material for sound absorption and sound insulation of an apartment depends on the architectural features of the house - layout, room configuration, wall material, exterior finish option.
Ideally, experts should be involved in the design of a sound insulation project - rarely the sound barrier performs only one function, much more often it is only part of an integrated system designed to protect the house from excessive noise, heat loss and moisture penetration into the wall array.