Why is laying solid wood on a screed or other foundation considered not only the most aesthetic, but also the most reliable way?
Boards of solid wood are eco-friendly, durable and durable material.
Solid wood planks are eco-friendly material, there are no chemical additives in it. Throughout its operation, wood releases useful phytoncides into the atmosphere of the room, which help to purify the air and create a unique aroma. Unlike laminate and other synthetic coatings, natural wood does not electrify, does not attract dust. The natural material perfectly transfers both chemical, and mechanical influences, it is simple in leaving and is unpretentious in operation. Solid wood board is characterized by very low thermal conductivity and excellent noise absorbing properties.
Another, more important, advantage of a massive board is its strength and durability. A floor from an array with good care can be operated by more than one generation. But for this to happen, the laying of solid wood must be done according to the rules.
Laying a plank of solid wood on an old wooden floor.
Boards are a convenient and practical, easy-to-use material. You can lay them in different ways. Each of them implies its own algorithm of work, has its own minuses and positive aspects.
Today, many people prefer to “sew” massive boards on plywood. How to do it correctly?
Laying a massive board on a plywood floor.
A few days before laying the board, it is recommended to unpack it, bring it into the room where they will be laid, leave it (preferably on a stand). The material must "acclimatize". Shifting the boards, you need to immediately sort them by color, remove low-quality products.
It is possible to lay solid wood floor only on a perfectly prepared base. It should be:
The installation of a massive board on plywood is carried out according to the following algorithm.
The plywood is fastened directly to the concrete screed. In this case, the coupler must be flat, smooth, without chipping, protrusions, height differences.
Figure 1. Sheets of plywood are shifted relative to each other so that the four corners do not converge in one place.
The humidity of the concrete should not be more than 12% and less than 4%. If necessary, a humidifier or air dryer can be used in the room.
If these indicators cannot be reached, then first waterproofing is applied to the screed, and then plywood sheets are placed on top of it. Plywood is attached to the screed with dowels, and so that their caps are recessed.Sheets are shifted relative to each other so that in one place the four corners do not converge (Fig. 1). Each sheet of plywood should be secured in at least nine places. An alternative way to fasten plywood on the screed is to glue it.
If the work is done correctly, the plywood forms a completely flat base.
If minor defects are still present (for example, chips at the joints), they can be repaired with a sandpaper or grinder.
The plywood base should be smooth and even. It should be cleaned from the remnants of debris and dust, and then mount the board on plywood.
Figure 2. The rows between massive planks can be fixed with glue or staples placed in the groove.
With a careful approach to the work, there is no particular difficulty laying. It is only important to observe certain subtleties so that the floors do not "swell" during operation and begin to creak.
Sometimes the last board in a row has to be cut to make it shorter. To do this, it is better to choose the longest bar so that one part of it becomes the last in the same row, and the other part becomes the first in the next.
You can stack an array directly on the tie, but only if it is a perfectly level base.
Didn't find the answer in the article? More information on the topic:
How to level the floor in a new building with your own hands?
Instructions on how to level the floor in a new building with serious drops in the horizontal surface of the base. Preparation and leveling of floors using log or cement-sand screed.