The problem of heat conservation is relevant for all people living in areas with a temperate continental climate. If the room has good thermal insulation, it will positively affect not only the comfort of staying inside it, but will also allow pretty well save on heating bills.
Here it is necessary to make a reservation that, by and large, there are two variants of the implementation of the mentioned task. That is, you can warm the house either from the inside or outside. Each option has its own characteristics and efficiency, but the second option is perhaps more preferable, since it does not entail a decrease in the internal volume of the room, which is undoubtedly good. In this regard, it is worth considering how to insulate the facade of the house, since there are several ways to perform the work.
In order to answer the above question, you must first say that the modern building materials market is able to offer a very decent selection of materials that can be used as insulation for facades. Among them are:
These materials are the most common and accessible, so they should be considered separately in order to have more information, and therefore it is better to orient in a particular case.
Insulation with mineral wool
This material can be supplied as rolled form and plates. It has such performance characteristics as:
Warming of the facade under the siding
As for the direct installation, everything is enough simply. In order to mount the finish coating, a special batten is usually assembled. Mineral wool plates are inserted into the cells of which. The material is fixed to the walls with the help of special umbrella nails.
In addition to the above, it is necessary to add that, despite the fact that mineral wool is resistant to mold, the ingress of moisture on its surface is undesirable, since in this case wool will lose most of its performance characteristics. In order to avoid this, it is better to cover the outer surface of the insulation with a layer of waterproofing, and to protect the inside with a vapor barrier. Warming the facade with their own hands in this way is most appropriate in the case of subsequent coating with siding or other panel elements.
Wet facade thermal insulation scheme
Another method is to use an adhesive to glue mineral wool slabs with the subsequent additional fastening dowel umbrellas. After that, a new layer of glue is applied, into which the reinforcing glass mesh is pressed. The surface is prepared for applying plaster.
These Two materials can be considered adjacent, since they are similar in many respects: both in terms of the installation process and in terms of performance. Insulation on the construction market is supplied mainly in the form of plates of a certain size. The most significant performance characteristics:
It is necessary to fix the plates in a staggered manner, not allowing for the appearance of any significant cracks. For best results, all the seams, if they still remain, need to be filled with special mastics or foam, if we are talking about wide gaps.
In addition, it should be borne in mind that the surface supposed to be insulated with foam should be as smooth as possible and have no gaps or irregularities.
Styrofoam with consumables Ceresit
Among other things, it should be added that there is an opinion that that the use of foam and polystyrene plates as a warming material entails an excessive tightness of the room and does not allow the walls to "breathe", but this is not so. The bottom line is that with a properly installed room ventilation system, an optimal microclimate will be provided inside. Air circulation will be provided in the necessary volume, at the same time, and thermal insulation will be at the height. In this case, the material capacity is not as important as the properly arranged ventilation.
This material is rather unusual from the point of view of application. And we are talking about the application, since this heater is supplied in liquid form and sprayed onto the walls with the help of special tools. According to the characteristics of this option is comparable to the above-mentioned materials, that is immune to moisture, has antiseptic properties and durable. Among the relative disadvantages of this method are the need to use special equipment and to attract specialists serving it.
To decide which option to choose, it is necessary on the basis of a specific case, taking into account the future finishing coverage. In any case, with due diligence and a minimum amount of knowledge, the task is quite feasible.