Most of us love animals. Someone prefers a cat or a dog as a pet, someone loves exotic things and gets raccoons, chameleons or skunks. Some want peace, which brings with them fish watching. That's just for the latter and will be useful information on how to make an aquarium with your own hands.
Glue plays a major role, since it is thanks to it that the whole structure is fixed and retained. There are many types of substances with which you can connect the pieces of glass to each other. But in relation to the glue for the aquarium the following requirements are put forward:
Sealant for aquariums
Silicone sealant has all these properties. But when buying, you should pay attention to the fact that it was 100%, free of impurities and not antibacterial, otherwise animals will simply die. Today there are three primary colors: white, transparent, black. If you use the first, the aquarium will look like a certain incompleteness. The second is well suited for products up to 100 liters. Anything more is best glued with black. Small designs with it look very cumbersome, but in large ones, on the contrary, it emphasizes lines and gives elegance. The choice of those who have been building aquariums for some time often falls on the Dow Corning 911, KNAUF 881 or Kleiberit Suprasil 590E.
Usually, manufacturers themselves indicate that a particular type of sealant is intended for the manufacture of aquariums. But be sure to see the composition.
If you decide to build an aquarium yourself, then now is not the time to save. There are many options for tables and calculators that promise to produce the perfect result. But rarely where the need to install transverse or longitudinal struts. Before proceeding to the choice of glass thickness, you need to decide on the desired size. If you do this operation for the first time, then it is better not to risk with non-standard shapes and bends. Next, we calculate the volume of our design. To do this, multiply the length, width and height. Roughly speaking, the standards will be:
Carefully choose the thickness
Below is the table, which takes into account the main points. It will allow you not to make a stock, which will reduce costs a little.
Glass thickness table
You should not use glass that has been in the basement for a long time in a garage , stood on the window or in another place. The fact is that in a certain sense this type of material also has its own service life. It interacts with the environment, which leads to the loss of sodium ions. They will be replaced by other particles that weaken the strength. You need to buy a new one and consider the following:
Glass cutting is best ordered from professionals
If you have never done cutting glass, then it is better to order in the workshop. This is a very crucial moment, because the edges after cutting should be perfectly smooth, otherwise it will not work to glue them securely. Prepare two copies of the drawing. Provide one to the glazier, leave the second to yourself, so that later there will be no questions in case of inconsistencies.
Tools and materials for assembling an aquarium
After after the main expenses have been completed, you can start preparing the necessary tools, and you will need the following elements:
Metal corners and clamps can be replaced with corner clamps.But if you do not use them in the future, then there is no point in spending money on their acquisition.
For assembly, it is better to choose a flat surface, it should be stable, and its size should allow all components to be placed freely.
Depending on which configuration is selected, the angles can be:
Before applying sealant, it is very important to degrease the surface. Alcohol or acetone can be used for this. The size of the seam is chosen for the load that will be on the glass:
The bottom can be installed in two ways:
Assembling according to the principle of a wall around the bottom
In the first version, the common frame is first assembled After that, it turns upside down, degreases, sealant is applied and glass is placed. In the second variant, the gluing of the walls will need to be carried out together with the gluing of the bottom.
In some cases, another glass may be used to reinforce the bottom edge. In this case, the two elements are glued together over the entire area.
If the design implies stiffeners, then it is important to remember they must meet the requirements:
The complete drying of the sealant usually takes up to three days. At this time, it is better not to move the structure and not to violate its integrity. If this is not met, then the seams simply will not sustain the planned load.
The aquarium plays the role of a partition
After the aquarium has already survived the required period, it is not yet necessary to install it at the planned location. It is better to test it. To do this, it is entered into the bathroom, placed on a flat surface (you can build a stand and place it on the bathroom) and filled with water to the desired level. In this state, it is left for several days.If all goes well, the fluid is removed, and the structure is mounted on its pedestal.
From the aquarium, you can make a partition between the rooms. In the event that it will be in the replacement room, it is necessary to take care of the presence of ventilation. Due to this moisture will be removed, which evaporates, which eliminates the formation of fungus. There will also be an unpleasant smell. The surface above the aquarium is better to close the vapor barrier - foil. If it is simply installed on a separate pedestal, then it is covered with a plastic cover with slots for air circulation.
In any of these cases, it is better to lay a layer of foamed polyethylene under the aquarium. This will compensate for some irregularities, which will prevent the risk of chipping.
Preparation of the aquarium
Arrangement of the internal elements - By and large, this is an expression of the owner's inner world, but there are some rules that should be considered:
Clean water is used for the aquarium. It should not be boiled or mineral. It is necessary to give it a good stand. Fish can be run two weeks after everything has been mounted and installed.
The whole process of caring for the aquarium and its inhabitants is as follows:
As you can see, if you approach the issue wisely and don’t regret money for basic materials, you can build an aquarium at home with the most positive result. Now you can try to make aquariums semicircular or conical shape.
About the methods of gluing aquarium glasses in the following video: