Not so long ago, many people did not understand why they needed to warm the walls of their homes. Now, with the rising cost of fuel, there are not too many people who do not want to reduce their heating costs. Since the question of how to make wall insulation is very relevant, we will consider several options for performing this task.
Let us dwell on each method, describing the technology in detail, possibly affecting the advantages and disadvantages.
Building a house from aerated concrete
In principle, it is possible to make a warm wall from the available ordinary materials, only for this it should be 1 meter thick! In addition to the increased consumption of building materials, it would still be necessary to fork out for a more powerful foundation for such a heavy structure. Although it used to be built like this, now these technologies have remained unclaimed due to the appearance on the market of a new type of building material - thermal insulation. These are:
In a wooden house in winter, the heat is
Wooden houses also have good thermal insulation properties, but in this article about them will not be told.
You can learn more about the characteristics of a particular material listed by clicking on the appropriate link.
Each of these materials has a different thermal conductivity, so the thickness of the walls is selected individually, taking into account the region in which the house will be built.
Laying walls with insulation
If Since the house is only planned to be built, then we can consider the option of internal wall insulation. In this case, materials that do not differ in high rates of heat saving are used. As a rule, these are:
At the design stage of the foundation, the width of the wall is taken into account along with the insulation.
Insulation must be moisture resistant, therefore, foam, fiberglass or penoizol is used.
The use of penoisol
We will not describe the construction process, since this is the topic of another article, but in in general, we can say that there are several options for the placement of insulation:
The outer part of the wall can be made of simple brick, and then it can be plastered and revetted with a decorative stone.
Outdoor insulation of the house with foam
In the previous the subtitle has already been mentioned about the weatherization of an already constructed building, but in the event that the foundation is not designed for additional load, then without its strengthening, facing brick cannot be used. In this case, the insulation is puttied or a ventilated facade is installed. If you carry out cladding facade thermopanels, then the finishing will not be needed.
Preparing the wall for facade insulation with polystyrene foam
Walls need to be prepared and if they are uneven, they will have to be plastered, otherwise the consumption of expensive glue will be very large. In some cases, foundation insulation may be required.
We can not forget about the base - it also needs to be warmed.
Polyfoam or mineral wool should be fixed on the wall, protected from precipitation and other external influences. In more detail with the technology of insulation of these materials can be found by reading the article:
Wall insulation from inside
When it comes to about the warming of the walls of the frame structure, here everything is extremely simple, as the insulating material is mounted inside the frame and sheathed. In more details the technology of warming is described here.
It is quite another thing when you need to insulate the walls in an apartment.Immediately it should be noted that for any other houses, except the frame, such insulation is performed only as a last resort, if it is impossible to perform outdoor. There are only a few good reasons for this:
Features of wall insulation from inside
Why do we speak about the internal insulation of an apartment as undesirable ? To make it clearer, consider what will happen in the winter.
The statistics are disappointing, but if there is no other way out, you will have to stop on this method of insulation - the main thing is to do everything correctly.
The positive side of the apartment’s internal insulation is that work can be done in any weather and there is no need to involve industrial climbers.
A few square meters will be lost, but such a sacrifice is justified.
We considered the main ways of wall insulation and sincerely hope that you will spend the winter in a warm and dry room.
This video is a step-by-step instruction on external wall insulation:
Watch a video showing how to make brickwork with insulation: