Agree, it is always pleasant to walk barefoot on soft grass in the morning, and in order to do this, you will need a lawn. In the article we will tell how to make a lawn in the country with their own hands, we will provide step by step instructions.
The start is to choose what kind of lawn you want. The location, type of grass and other vegetation that will be needed, as well as the costs of further care and maintenance will depend on this.
English lawn, also called parterny. This view most often attracts the eye of passersby. Various combinations of grass, beds with flowers and other plants can be used on it, the latter occupy a small percentage of the total area. The cover on it is thick, saturated green. Often it is planted near the mansions, at the main entrance to the house - in the most prominent place. Perennial plants are used here, so there is no need to make fundamental changes every year. But all beauty requires appropriate care.
This lawn needs big investments. It needs to be watered every day, there is a requirement in constant feeding, it is important to make a haircut every three days. For our climatic conditions, it is not suitable in the best way, because it does not tolerate temperature drops, although grass mixtures that have been acclimatized are now used. Its main function is decorative, you cannot arrange the World Cup on it.
This version of the lawn will be one where you can let your imagination and imagination roam in full. But these two concepts are not identical. A meadow lawn is an area in which grass and flowers are spread in full swing, which can be found in natural habitat; even an ordinary weed can grow here, so that you don’t have to do a long preparation of the site before planting.
The Moorish lawn is very similar to a meadow lawn, but cultures for planting are planned in advance for it. For this type of vegetation, the locality is suitable among trees, maybe in partial shade, as well as in the background of the whole territory, for example, behind the house.
There are certain rules for haircuts, but they are not very strict. If such a lawn is young, the first time it needs to be mowed after the grass stretches 8 cm, then once every two weeks. After it becomes mature, everything remains at your discretion, the only condition is mandatory mowing in 1.5 months after shedding the last bulbous plant. Some drawback of this design are fading leaves, which in general look not very attractive, and the whole look is a bit like a farce. Watering can be done on a minimum scale, usually enough rain or melt water.
This lawn is designed to run, jump, roll and roll on it. For this kind of territory is selected grass that can quickly recover after it is accepted. In our area, the seed mixtures, which include bentholes, are well established. In appearance, it does not differ from other species and requires the same care, but if you decide on it, you will need to work well on soil preparation and watering and drainage systems.
The name immediately makes it clear where you can meet this kind of lawn. Perennial plants are used on them, the leaf is wider than on those mixtures that are planted for parterre. The grass is characterized by sufficient load resistance and fast recovery. A nice bonus of this type is its unpretentiousness both to the territory itself and to the way of its care. He can suffer if you want to leave for a few weeks. Watering and cutting is not a matter of principle, but still, do not run everything. Walk the lawn mower at least once a week, well, or as it grows.
If you are sorry for your time or you do not want to wait several years until you can enjoy the sweet fruits of your work, then we suggest to evaluate this kind. From the title you already understood that it comes in bundles with the ground. Usually the age of crops in such products should be about 3 years. Rolling does not take much time, so a beautiful playground will stretch in front of your house in a day or two.
In the classical sense, the lawn should really be planted with grass or similar crops, but nothing prevents the playground from being covered with different types of moss or thyme .
Dreams don't sow the lawn
After reading the information above, you , most likely, have already decided what you want to see on your site.Perhaps you are inclined to those options that require less care. But over the preparation of the soil still have to sweat.
First you need to choose the right place. The grass loves the sun, it treats badly the shade and hilly areas (for you this will also not be very good, because it is more difficult to mow under the slope). Therefore, an open area suitable without trees and tall shrubs.
If the sowing area turns out to be low, it is necessary to organize a drainage system in order to drain excess moisture in a timely manner. If water accumulates, the root system will rot and the lawn will simply deteriorate.
Immediately think about what else you want to see in the sowing area — these can be paths, bushes, flower beds, a gazebo, or other structures. It is useful to sketch a small plan to clearly calculate everything.
After you determined the terrain, determined how long the site would be in the shade, it was time to pick the seeds. You do not have to understand a lot of different types, because there are already a large number of mixtures, these are the main ones:
Next, you need to decide how much you need to purchase. In order to do this, you need to measure the pre-selected area. After that, multiply the number of acres by 50 g of seeds, as many of them go when sown. Spare no expense and additionally purchase a few kilograms, which you later use for repairs or additions. But do not overdo it, if the grass grows too thick, then it will score the ground, make it too hard and the lawn will slowly die.
The general rule for calculations is 15 g per 1 m 2 .
Everything is ready and assembled, now it's time to start acting. Walk through the selected area and carefully inspect it. Assess what weed grows on it, whether there are stumps and other garbage. Tidy up all the extra items: stones, branches, uproot processes. After that, mow all the grass, but this will not be enough, it is necessary to kill the root system, for these purposes various herbicides are used.
It is better not to start sowing in early spring, because weed seeds are still active and can spoil the whole picture. Give them time to show up and then take them. When everything is done and the stripping is done, it is time to move on to the next step.
Fertilizer for lawn
If you thought that the heaviest is behind, then not at all It was. Now you need to dig the whole area. This should be done at a depth of about 20 cm. So, you loosen the soil well and mix the different layers together. When everything is ready, level the surface well. Leave this case for a few days to check again whether there is no weed left after treatment. If the re-inspection did not give anything, then it is time to fertilize.
This is a very important procedure, because in the first weeks and months it will be the main feeding, which will give an opportunity to take root and start growth. Nitrogen fertilizers will be necessary for all types of soil, for cereals, to which the lawn grass belongs, are very “voracious” in this respect. It is necessary to acquire at the rate of 20 g per hundred, and this value is multiplied by 30 days; as a result, it will be about 0.5 kg. That is what you need to make before sowing. In addition to mineral, contribute and organic. If the ground is too viscous and heavy, then they will need more to loosen it, if on the contrary, then you should not overdo it.
Remember that manure should be well rotten, because there are still spores and pest larvae still in it. Do not use pig manure, because it has low efficiency. The bird must be bred, otherwise, you will only cause harm. If there is an opportunity, walk around the perimeter of a cultivator with an active cutter.
Roller for a lawn
Now you need to tamp the area carefully. This is an important stage. In rainy weather, the land becomes much softer and easier to push through and leave traces so that the site does not become a swamp, it is important to make preparations of this kind. In order to do this, use special ramming machines with a gasoline or electric engine. They provide excellent compaction and filling of all voids into which water can later seep and the surface will squeeze in this place.
If it is not possible to use such a unit, then a manual roller will do. It can be made of old barrels, having tamped sand into it and closing the butt so that it does not spill out. After that, you can just ride around the site.If you don’t have this at hand, then take the most ordinary board, stack it and tamp with your own weight, move it from place to place, but rather cut it in half and tie it to the sole of the shoe, then “tramp” the whole territory with small steps.
If the earth is wet, it will be much more difficult to tamp it, so before the procedure, fill the area well and let it stand for several days.
Sowing the lawn
Now it's time to sow. Choose dry weather, it is better if there is no strong wind, since the seeds will simply scatter. You already know what ratio is necessary for your territory. Before starting work, walk around the whole area with a rake to loosen a little, then the mixture will not remain on the surface. Now take the most ordinary thread and stretch it over the area so that you get squares with a side of a meter.
Seeds should be scattered evenly, first along, then across. Go from line to line as soon as one is finished, cover it with a 2 cm layer of earth and tamp, move on and so on until you finish.
Birds love to peck out sowing, so you should arrange some protection against them, for example, leaving a white thread.
The rising of the lawn
The plot is ready, the most important time has come when the shoots will sprout during this period they are very sensitive and exposed to the outside. Spend some money and get agrofibre, it passes air well and moisture inside, keeping it there. Cover the entire area and water. Never do it with a lot of pressure - you just make spaces and pick up the seeds in one pile. Use a sprinkler, they are well dispersed flow in the drops and irrigation occurs naturally. In a few weeks, you will already see some results of hard work. Over time, the coating can be removed, because grass mixtures are not in danger. If you notice a bald spot, then sow them with the seed reserves that you should have.
Further lawn care will bring only pleasure, no matter how much effort it takes. You have a wide choice, do not drive yourself into the framework of any standards, combine, ultimately, you sow for yourself, not for neighbors or passersby.
You may be interested in the following materials:
Learn from the video how to make a perfectly smooth and beautiful lawn :
On the provided photos, you will be able to see various options of registration of a site:
Lawn in landscape design
Tillering of the lawn
Lawn in a country house
Laying on the green plastic grid