How to find water for a well

A rare owner of his own home does not think about an independent water source located directly on the garden plot. The implementation of this idea will allow him to independently manage his water resources and not to depend on centralized water supply. That is why so many of the owners would like to familiarize themselves with how to find water for a well in a country plot. Immediately, we note that when conducting exploration work, only deep-water aquifers should be taken into account, in the depth of which the main reserves of well-filtered water are hidden.

There are several known methods for determining the proximity of deep waters to the ground surface, the main of which are:

  • exploratory drilling;
  • using water-absorbing materials as indicators of water availability;
  • determining the location of their likely location on a number of natural features.

In subsequent chapters, it is proposed to consider each of these methods in more detail.

Exploratory drilling

How to find water for a well

Exploratory drilling is considered one of the surest ways to find a source of water, with guaranteed quality water. To implement it, you will need to independently manufacture a drill with an expandable working part and an extended handle.

Through such a drill, you can drill a test well with a depth of about 7-10 meters. After detecting the aquifer, drilling can be completed and transferred to the well equipment.

In this case, the following mandatory conditions must be met:

  1. A depth of about 10–15 meters is considered optimal for the development of a well.
  2. The location of its location should be removed from the sewage pits no less than 26-30 meters.
  3. When equipping a well on a slope, care should be taken to divert rainwater from it.
  4. In addition, it is necessary to equip a well with a lid that opens only in case of emergency.

Using special indicators of moisture

How to find water for a well Silica gel

As indicators of the proximity of water, materials with an increased moisture absorption coefficient are often used. Most often for these purposes silica gel is used, familiar to many of us as packaging filler, produced in the form of moisture-absorbing granules.

To organize a search for water, it is necessary to prepare about 1-2 liters of silica gel, which, after thoroughly drying in the oven, is poured into a small clay pot. After that, the silica gel container is carefully weighed and wrapped in several layers of thick fabric. Then the resulting "bundle" is buried in the test site to a depth of about 0.5 meters. After a day, the pot comes out of the ground and weighed again. With a noticeable increase in the weight of the tank, you can safely assume that there is water in this place and proceed to test drilling.

As an indicator of the presence of water, ordinary burnt (red) clay bricks can also be used, which also absorb moisture well.

Natural features

Well-known "popular" methods for determining the occurrence of groundwater occurrence involve the organization and conduct of the following activities:

How to find water for a well Fog on the site

Observation of the area of ​​the proposed drilling in the evening or morning time of day. If the water layers are located close to the test site, condensate (light fog) must form in the morning and evening. If a thick cloud of swirling mist is found in this place, you can be sure that there is a lot of water here and it is close enough.

How to find water for a well Terrain

According to the terrain. From geology it is known that the boundaries of zones of water-containing layers are usually associated with the general pattern of the terrain around us. Such a connection suggests their presence in those places where natural hollows or trenches formed on the surface, surrounded by hillocks and elevations. On the other hand, the probability of detecting soil waters on gentle slopes or in flat terrain is very small (if there is one, then at a rather large depth and in small quantities).

How to find water for a well Barometer

Using the barometric method of detecting the presence of water using a standard aneroid barometer.

Before finding water for a well, it should be noted that this method is applicable only if there are any water bodies in your area (rivers, lakes, ponds).

In this case, the barometer reading near the reservoir is taken as a reference mark, which is compared with the instrument reading at the test point. In the event that the difference between these two readings does not exceed 0.5 mm Hg - the desired water layers can be located at a depth of about 6-7 meters.


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