If in the near future you intend to retool the attic under the functional room, then it is worthwhile before work to consider where to install the ladder and how to manufacture it. A ceiling door or hatch will also be installed here. Such a design can be ordered or bought ready-made, but let's find out how you can do everything yourself. So, you pretty much save the family budget and acquire new skills that may well be useful to you in the future.
Earlier the attic stairs were made outside, but hardly anyone will be pleased with the prospect of going up to the room across the street in cold weather or rain. Many people in the attic arranged the ceiling door, most often in the corridor, and if necessary to climb up, they use the ladder. But this is also inconvenient if you have to equip, for example, a study or a rest room on the upper tier. For a civilized person, a better choice would be the installation of a stationary or folding stepped lift. If there is no place for the first option, then the second will suit you very much.
Whichever way you choose, it must comply with safety requirements. The design should provide a safe passage to the attic and be strong enough. The screw type takes up relatively little space and is highly attractive, however, it will be very difficult for older people to climb these steps.
If the area of the corridor or hallway allows, it is better to make a wide enough opening so that you can install a good stationary staircase.
The larger the opening in the attic, the greater the heat loss will be, if it is, of course, not a heated attic room.
Handrails and handrails provide sufficient security for a person climbing stairs . Therefore, if possible, make a design with these elements. Since in our case we are talking about independent production, it is also important to treat it with special means that increase the refractoriness of the structure. This is especially true for wooden stairs.
The capacity indicator should not be small, since, if necessary, heavy weight should be taken into account in the attic. So, the optimal load capacity - 260 kg.
Attic stairs are divided into the following types:
Transportable views are a temporary connection between floors. If you plan to use the attic in rare cases, the additional structure is the best option. But with the arrangement of the upper room for a recreation area or for children’s games, a more reliable ladder should be made.
Most often, there is no place for a massive construction in residential buildings. It is therefore not surprising that retractable stairs and their folding counterparts are most in demand when arranging an attic. They are compact, safe and convenient, easy to use.
The attic staircase has standard parameters, following which you can make a really reliable and easy-to-use construction:
If you have to make the stairs yourself, then it is important to determine the installation location - inside or outside, if you choose the first option, then in which room will the opening be made to climb to the attic? It is important that the stairs do not interfere with households. Therefore, to install it in the kitchen or in the bedroom is not advisable.
If the upper tier is not used intensively, then a device for lifting it can be made in the living room. It is better that the staircase is closed or autonomous. In such a situation, folding design is a very good option.
If you are going to make a folding ladder, then take into account its dimensions when folded and unfolded. Measure from floor to ceiling.Decide on the width, the number of steps, the angle of inclination. All data is fixed on paper, which will help you to make the most accurate drawing. Errors in calculations can lead to undesirable consequences. For example, the staircase will be inconvenient to use, the risk of injury will increase.
The steps must be arranged parallel to the floor. Doors must not open onto a flight of stairs.
When manufacturing a wooden staircase, all parts should be treated with antiseptics to avoid rotting of the finished product. After assembly, it will be possible to paint the product with any varnish / paint suitable for the color. Usually attic stairs are made of pine. This material chooses the majority of home-made, since it is easier to work with wood than with metal.
If you decide to work with metal, use materials with a galvanized coating. This type of metal does not rust. Such structures have great strength. So, you can save space, galvanized elements are thin, and therefore do not take up much space.
To prevent metal parts from rubbing against each other, you can use plastic parts. Thus, due to interchangeable side plastic inserts slip will be prevented.
Attic staircase feature - form. It should be ergonomic, compact, comfortable and convenient. In a small room overall design will look ridiculous. In a large enough room - there are no restrictions, you want to install a compact one, but you want to build a stationary massive one.
It depends on the available space and personal preferences whether the staircase will be one-, two- or three-flight. If from floor to ceiling is no more than 3 m, then it is quite possible to get along with the simplest type - one-shot. But, if you want to be more original, build a dvuhmarshevoe product.
To make a one-shot design look more interesting, make it arc-shaped. Steps can be made in the form of diverging rays.
If you made the measurements and outlined the drawings, then it’s time to make an estimate of the materials. You should stock up:
Side and vertical beams are used as the base, which serve as a support. The amount of permissible loads on the structure depends entirely on the strength of the base.
One section of this design is folded up. The assembled two-section ladder is not hidden, but remains visible. This is allowed if the exit to the attic settles in the garage or other work space. At registration of the house in the corresponding style the two-section model will successfully look and in the corridor. For its production you will need the following materials:
The kosour is the base of the ladder on which the steps are laid.
First you need to connect a short bar with hinges to the upper end of the ladder, another similar bar should be firmly fixed to the bottom. To end up with a reliable design, take 2 slats and nail them diagonally on the back of the flight of stairs. In this case, it is necessary to carry out these actions so that these reinforcing bars do not impede the movement of the stairs.
After this, it is necessary to measure 2/3 of the total length. Measurements are taken from below. In the intended place should be cut the stairs. These parts will subsequently be connected by card loops, which are fastened on the reverse side. Thus, the design can be easily folded.
The upper bar is fixed under the hatch. Thanks to the hook and loop, your product will not open arbitrarily. So, the hook is attached to the wall, and the loop - to the bar.
The manufacturing process of a folding ladder consists of the following steps:
To speed up the process, do all the work with your partner. This will also help avoid injuries when working at height.
If you have questions on a topic, then by all means ask them to our expert. Would you like to add an article or provide useful additional recommendations? Leave your comments.
The photo shows several versions of attic stairs:
Stairs to the attic from
Stairs above the entrance
Types of folding ladders
Calculation of the spiral staircase
Drawing of stairs
Scheme of wooden stairs
Layout for determining the height and slope of the staircase