Time does not stand still, therefore new technologies are replaced by new ones - light, practical and environmentally friendly. The wooden beam was always popular, but only in the XXI century they began to manufacture an I-beam made of wood, which made it possible to significantly refine the frame construction.
Scheme of an I-beam.
With each new season this material increases its popularity. It is usually used for frame construction, installation of floors, ceilings and partitions, as well as roofing. The specific type of the Latin letter "I" with bars at the top and bottom allows for installation rather simply and quickly.
There are several advantages due to which the I-beam became popular: not bend, wear resistance, lack of response to moisture (does not rot), low weight and at the same time relatively low price due to reduced wood consumption.
If we look at the product in detail, we can see that it is not integral, but consists of several elements. The basis of the OSB (oriented strand board) or plywood, the blocks below and above are made of laminated veneer lumber, and all this is connected with water-based glue on wood. In the glued laminated timber there are special grooves of the required width, which allow you to immerse the PCB in them, thanks to which the design also acquires its highest reliability.
Drawing of the I-beam.
In the factory, 4 machines are used for this process:
Work takes place at a very high speed, but not all of these products are solved, because with manual production the price is 1.5-3 times lower.
Tools and materials:
Here the whole process is much slower, but the price drops significantly. I-beam is made in stages:
I-beams are made from timber, OSB and channel bars.
In total, it takes up to 30 minutes to make 1 I-beam. but if done on a stream, then the speed will increase several times. That is, first, for example, 100 beams are cut, which are polished, then 50 slabs are cut, after which all of this is subject to gluing. With such work, the average production rate of 1 I-beam can fall to 8-10 minutes. but in no case should not rush to avoid a mistake.
Anyone can do this kind of work if there is a special technique and basic skills of working with it.
It is very important not to forget about TB, so that later savings on building materials will not turn into hospital expenses.
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