Drywall sheets today are the most relevant material for leveling ceilings, walls in any rooms. In this article we will look at how to make a crate for drywall on the wall and ceiling, given the nuances of its manufacture.
To equip a certain structure, it is important to make correct measurements, selecting only high-quality materials, because the durability of the whole structure depends on it. Among the selected material when creating the frame can be noted quality wood or metal.
It is important to note that if the preference fell on the frame from wood, such a structure should be constructed only in a room with low humidity. Otherwise, in the external environment, due to high humidity and temperature changes, such lathing will quickly become unusable, this also applies to indoor areas with high humidity. If this is not taken into account, such constructions will easily swell and the wall will change its original shape, becoming wavy.
The backbone for drywall is assembled from a metal profile, since such a device increases the service life by creating a perfectly flat surface. It is easy to work with this type of material, plus it is durable and reliable. For these reasons, most professionals who undertake the installation of a drywall lath, prefer a metal profile.
Tools for working with plasterboard
To assemble the metal profile frame you may need:
Then, when you start to make the frame, take into account the differences among the profiles, since it depends on what shape your design will become. They are divided into the following classifications:
Suspension for profile
When constructing the sheathing for drywall, you need to purchase the following components:
Having acquired all the necessary materials for the work, we proceed to the installation of the batten on the wall. First, the basis is selected for the selected surface, to which the whole structure will be joined.
Next, an offset of approximately 65 mm or more is made from the wall, it all depends from the unevenness of its surface. Then a straight line is drawn on the ceiling (this mark serves as a guide for the profile). After all the work done, we put this markup on the floor. This procedure is carried out using a laser level. Thanks to this label, you can easily navigate the installation with the lower profile guides.
In this phase of the work, calculations must be carried out correctly, since they will affect the result and the flatness of the wall. Labels, both upper and lower, must be strictly perpendicular.
After all the procedures performed with marking, you should proceed to the installation of the frame. Take a punch, attach Mon-guides over the entire surface of the wall. Further, the installation and collection of racks, which contribute to the fixing of drywall, is carried out.
When assembling, you will need not only Mon, but also Nn profiles. Installation is carried out in this order:
Unlike the walls, the installation of a drywall lath on the ceiling has its own specifics.At the heart of the frame uses 2 types of profile: UD and CD. If it is necessary to produce a shaped ceiling or a multi-level, then such profiles as CW and UW are used in the frame. The thickness of these profiles is 50, 75 and 100 mm. Now consider the process of manufacturing such types of frame:
This type of frame will be optimal for a single-level ceiling. The installation process is as follows:
Another option for a single-level plasterboard ceiling is to make a transverse frame. Many masters use just such technology.
The advantage of the transverse frame is that there is no need to use crabs and lintels, which entails additional material costs.
In this case, the CD profile is set in 40 cm increments. In this scenario, one sheet of the GCR will cross 6 profiles, 2 of which will be on the edges. The installation of such a framework is recommended to start from the corner of the room, which is as close as possible to the value of 90 °. As a result, on the one hand, it should be half in contact with the CD profile, and the next sheet of drywall will be screwed on the second part.
Otherwise, the principle of frame assembly, calculations and fastenings do not differ from the manufacturing technology of a honeycomb frame. Uses all the same suspensions and UD guides that will hold the entire structure.
If you plan to assemble a multi-level ceiling with shapes, then the sheathing is assembled in a special way. At the same time for the manufacture of a particular design there are no templates. Each master can realize almost any shape and design on the ceiling of profiles and drywall. So, if it is necessary to bend the UD guide profile, then along its entire length, make cuts every 5-10 cm. Also in such constructions a UW profile is used, which is cut and screwed along the frame line. For the batten, the same CD profile is used, which is fixed by suspensions to the ceiling.
To perform shapes or make several levels on the ceiling, experience in working with plasterboard is required. If you do not have it, then you should not risk it, because it may end up with material damage.
The framework for installing drywall can be made of wood. The choice of the necessary components, and in particular, wooden parts must be approached very carefully.
For the manufacture of wooden crates it is necessary to have the following tools:
The sequence of works is as follows:
If the floor is uneven, then you can level the horizontal bar with the help of linings made of thin wedges or chipboard.
When the frame is ready, it remains for the small - the installation of drywall.
In some cases, you can assemble a frame for drywall on the floor. Especially if the size of the wall and the whole room allows it. The size of the whole frame must match the size of the wall. Make it smaller on all sides by 5 mm. To do this, collect the frame of the vertical and horizontal bars. With a pitch of 60 mm fasten additional wooden crossbar.
Before installing the frame on the wall, insulate the wall. The frame is fastened around the perimeter with dowels, screws or dowels-nails.
By following these simple guidelines, you can do all the installation work on the ceiling and wall sheathing. At the same time it is possible to use both a metal profile, and wooden whetstones.
When all this is done in the correct sequence, you can proceed to the installation of drywall. Having the right tool at hand, having skills in construction work and applying the knowledge from this article, assembling the sheathing of the profile will not be difficult for you, and as a result, a good result will not keep you waiting long.
In the provided videos, you will clearly see the principle of assembling the frame for drywall:
On these schemes, you can take a closer look at the subtleties and features of the installation of a frame for drywall:
Scheme of the frame of the box
Scheme of the organization of the backlight
Framework without perimeter guides
Fastening the wooden frame
Suspended ceiling layout
Holding under Lights
Wall cladding technology by profiles
Gypsum Board Calculation Scheme
The ceiling with the wall profile
Location of drywall joints
Creating a cornice