Indispensable helpers in the fight against all sorts of pests of green plantings are invariably birds. To attract them to the backyard plot you should make a house for them. If you donate a comfortable dwelling to the birds, then you will not need to worry about the safety of the harvest. Although the bird's house is usually called the birdhouse, not only starlings, but also other birds can live in it. Sparrows, flycatchers, tits, chernushki and swifts live in these apartments.
The location and size of the bird house should be chosen in accordance with the characteristics of different birds. For example, titmouses are more comfortable when the height of the birdhouse is about 30 cm, and the bottom is 12 cm, and the same notch diameter is 3-3.5 cm. As for wagtails, these birds do not have the necessary paw tenacity, therefore you should install a small ladder. Such a house is suspended under the roof of buildings, at a height of 3 to 5 m. A pika bird feels comfortable in a house with two through holes located to the right and to the left. The presence of additional cages allows the bird to hide from predators.
Thinking about how to make a bird house, You should first take care of the preparation of the necessary material for the construction.
Coniferous woods are not suitable for building a birdhouse, because they secrete resins, as a result of which the internal space in it will become tacky.
Toxin-releasing materials are also unacceptable for building a birdhouse, among them material fiberboard and particleboard. Plywood is also not an option, because it practically does not let in sounds, and feathered friends need very good audibility to avoid danger. In addition, plywood is poorly retains heat, so it will be difficult for the birds to leave the brood. The best material for the birdhouse is the larch tree. The inner surface of the boards should remain rough. So, it will be easier for birds to get out. On a smooth surface, you can make horizontal notches with a chisel.
do right on the boards. They need to spread out on the table. For marking you will need a pencil and a square. With particular care should be planed boards for the front and rear walls, as well as for the side surfaces. For these purposes we need boards of different widths. At the end there should be 7 blanks with predetermined parameters:
To simplify the connection of parts, they need to be cut as carefully as possible, and then signed with a pencil.
The typical size of a bird's house is 20 cm wide, 15-20 cm deep and 30 cm high. Spacious apartments for birds are not always the best idea. Of course, in the big house more chicks will shelter, but to feed a brood consisting of many individuals is not always possible for feathered parents! If the chicks do not receive the necessary care and eat poorly, they will not be able to make long flights and grow painful. And, on the contrary, in a compact house there is an opportunity to shelter only 3 chicks, but they will grow up healthy and able to maintain the power of the population of their own species.
With a slope toward the back wall drawing
Drawing with a single-sided roof
Instructions for making the birdhouse
With a gable roof drawing
Initially front wall connects to the side. Nails should be hammered around the edges and center of the board. It should turn out a U-shaped design. Before further connection, it is important to check the reliability and rigidity of the elements that are already connected. For hardening, you can hammer a few more nails between those that were previously hammered.
In order not to drive a splinter into the skin, it is better to work with wood with gloves.
By the same method, the back wall and the bottom of the structure are assembled. To round the inside corners, you can nail a wooden bead to the bottom. All elements are fixed with nails. If necessary, you can strengthen the structure with additional nails. Now you need to prepare the roof, which must be removable. This will clean the dwellings of birds if necessary. The edges of the roof should stand for the dimensions of the birdhouse. This is especially important to do from the front. So you protect the house of birds from rainwater and other precipitation.
Drawing and assembly
The roof should consist of two parts - the sleeve and the main part.The roof is held in place by the second part. It must be adjusted in size and connected with two parts with nails. Now a plank or a perch is installed, on which birds will sit down before entering their comfortable dwelling.
When coloring the finished birdhouse, it is better to use soft colors. Dirty green and brownish tones are perfect. Predators in this case will be harder to find a bird house.
In some cases, you can make a temporary birdhouse using available materials, such as cardboard. Although this type of construction cannot be compared with its wooden counterpart, it may well become a refuge for birds for the season. As the source material is used corrugated cardboard. The following materials are needed for the work: corrugated cardboard, starch, self-adhesive paper having a laminated coating and twine. Tools: scissors, ruler, knife for cutting cardboard, pencil, square, compasses.
At first, all blanks are laid out, they must all be duplicated. From starch it is necessary to cook a paste. Finished parts need to be glued in pairs. All walls will be double, which increases their strength. In the front wall is cut a hole under the entryway. In the back wall, 4 small holes are made, intended for string, thanks to which the house can be tied to a tree. The walls of the birdhouse are glued end to end at a right angle. The result should be a box. At the time of drying, it should be wrapped with thread.
The roof should consist of two parts glued together. Its outer part should be made with allowances. Such a product will be more durable if you glue it on the outside with laminated paper.
If you can’t get lumber anywhere, you can make a bird's house from a finished box, for example, from under juice or milk, with a capacity of more than 1 liter. It must first be washed and dried. After this cut is cut out. To strengthen the bottom, you can use thick cardboard. Small holes are made at the top of the box so that it is possible to pass a wire through which the birdhouse will be attached. Outside the product can be pasted over with decorative laminated paper.
From a plastic bottle
Very few materials are used to make another version: plastic bottle, paint to stain the bottle or laminated paper, wire and knife. In the upper part of the 5-liter bottle is cut a hole under the tap-hole. In the roof should be drilled two holes under the wire on which the structure will be mounted. Birds feel uncomfortable in a transparent house. Therefore, to create comfort, the bottle can be painted or pasted over with laminated paper.
As you can see, making a simple version of a birdhouse is a snap. However, in order for the bird house to perform its tasks completely, it is important to install it correctly.
Birdhouse on the tree
You must follow certain installation rules . It is customary to read that bird houses should be installed at the beginning of April, however birdhouses can be installed at any time of the year. Installation height averages 3-5 m, this applies to cottages and villages. In cities, such structures are mounted at a height of 8-10 m.
The inlet should be on the side with the minimum amount of winds. The nesting box should be set in the shade or half-shade, it is impossible for the direct rays of the sun to fall on it. Suspension structures need to be at a certain distance from the branches. This will protect birds from domestic cats and other predators.
The position of the birdhouse should be strictly vertical. Suppose a slight bend forward, but you can not do backward bend. If the structure is made of durable materials, it is necessary to provide access to the inside for annual cleaning.
If you follow simple recommendations, you can build a cozy and comfortable house for birds! If you have any questions, ask them in the comments to the article.