An uneven concrete or wooden floor in the house is a real problem. It can not be exactly pokleit tile or spread linoleum. And in general it is inconvenient to walk on it. In this article we will discuss how to level the uneven floor in the room itself, without using the services of qualified professionals.
Preparing for leveling
First, let's analyze some points as work with concrete floor.
We need some tools:
Layout with the water level
What will be the next steps? Using the water level, we determine the difference in height level. To do this, you need to put two ends of the level in different corners of the room, preferably on one wall, so that the liquid in it corresponds to two identical marks on the instrument. For this job you will need a couple of people, since one here will not cope. Make pencil marks on the walls. By analogy, using the water level, we make marks on the other three walls.
The next stage is to use a line using a tipping cord, which will serve as an indicator for further work. Now we decide visually at what level the upper surface of the floor will be.
The floor should not be much higher than the coverage level of the next room, and the distance that the beacons will take should also be considered. We measure this distance with a tape measure and stick to it in the whole room.
Now you need to put beacons that will determine the top of the floor. According to him, and will be poured screed. It is enough to install only two such slats along the edges, but for the entire length. The main thing here is to have the width of the rule that will be used in the work. If it is short or the room is too large in length or width, then, of course, you need to install more lighthouses. It should be installed extremely firmly so that during the filling of the floor they do not move and do not fall or rise. Also, do not forget to put them exactly, because we need a flat floor, so we set the beacons relative to the marks left after working with the water level, after which we check them for evenness.
Before the level itself, you need to check that it is not knocked down, otherwise the work on leveling the floor will be unsuccessful.
The lighthouses can be strengthened by placing planks on the bottom, and a bit of cement-sand or concrete mortar on the sides. If possible, you can attach them to the floor, drill holes in the beacons and fix them with dowels, but so that they can be easily dismantled later.
Pouring cement mortar
By fastening the beacons, you can proceed directly to pouring the floor itself. For this purpose, such mixtures as concrete, glue-cement solution with the addition of sand, or an ordinary cement-sand screed are commonly used. When choosing a filler, it is important to consider such moments as strength, cost, and durability. In the end, everyone chooses himself.
We start pouring from the edge of the room. Pour the finished mixture between the lighthouses, moving from one edge to another, until the entire strip is ready. We put the rule on the working slats and align the tie, moving it in different directions along the course of work, moving to itself. Having finished the first lane, go to the next one and so on.
After work, the beacons do not need to be removed immediately, as you can damage the fresh tie. They can be dismantled after a few days, when the surface acquires the necessary strength.
This should be done very carefully so as not to break the fill. Lighthouses are removed quite easily - if they are not attached to the floor, you can lightly tap on them with a hammer so that the cement that has stuck during operation lags behind them. After removing the mix a bit of the same mixture that was used to fill and fill the gaps left over from the lighthouses. Again, give a couple of days for drying.
When finally the entire floor is ready , you can begin to finish it. Regardless of what will be laid on it, the surface needs to be impregnated with a special primer that will protect the concrete floor from abrasion and reduce the amount of dust. After that you can apply the following methods of finishing the floor:
In the case of laying linoleum, we measure out the size of the room and cut off the linoleum. We bring it into the room in the form of a roll and unwind. The edges are fixed with a plinth (wooden or plastic), which will be attached to the wall.There is nothing complicated about using laminate. It is typed as puzzles, extreme slats can be slightly trimmed. By analogy with linoleum at the end of the work we attach the baseboard. If the floor is leveled in the bathroom or kitchen, then, of course, ceramic tiles will be hung there. To do this, you need a tile, glue-cement, level and crosses for tile. Instead of the usual plinth, you can use a narrow tile, which will be attached to the glue-cement to the wall.
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You can learn more about the technique of installing beacons and leveling the floor by watching the following video: