Before putting a new floor on the floor, preliminary surface preparation is necessary. It is leveling the floor. On how this work will be carried out qualitatively, the subsequent installation and the quantity of consumed raw materials depend. How to level the floor quickly? To do this, it is necessary to know well the technology of laying and the rules of the following steps.
With a tie, you can level the floor even with significant defects, the main thing is to set up beacons correctly.
Therefore, the question of how to level the floor is quite logical, the answer to it can be found below.
First prepare the following tools:
Dismantling scheme of the old flooring.
Before leveling the base, it is necessary to prepare the surface. To do this, remove the old baseboards, gently remove the cover, debris and dust. As soon as the cleaning is complete, it is important that the surface is properly primed. Beacons are installed in the corners, the advantage is given to laser. It is important to correctly determine the height of this device. Then assigned 4 points for the solution.
After that, the beacons are pressed to the desired height limit. For a clear installation of these elements, you can use a solution made from cement and plaster. They mix well with this mixture. And you should not completely cover it, you can leave 10 cm free space. Possible height difference will be 5-30 mm.
This method of leveling the floor is particularly relevant among the masters. It is often carried out on surfaces subject to significant defects. It is worth noting that the floor in a room with high humidity should be provided with high-quality waterproofing.
Subsequent installation of beacons will help to level the floor. They are placed around the perimeter of the room. At the same time, it is important to keep an equal distance between them. It is equal to the length of the rule minus 20 cm.
Their installation is associated with the following factors:
Floor alignment scheme with a coupler.
Important! To prepare the cement mixture, you should use water in 50% ratio to the dry matter. Excessively liquid consistency leads to cracks in the base.
How to level the floor? To get the necessary information, you can read the recommendations that allow the use of special-purpose mixtures for the installation of self-leveling floors. Such structures are not afraid of dampness, various mechanical effects and are characterized by excellent external data.
The technique is so simple and even an inexperienced master can handle it. The basic rules for leveling the self-leveling floor:
Layout of cracks in the floor before the screed.
In order to properly level the floor in the room, it is necessary to maintain a certain air temperature in the room before pouring the surface, which will affect the further operation of the base. If such recommendations are not followed, the surface may be deformed and brought to an inappropriate appearance.
It is possible to level the floor in this way without making a tie. To do this, on the pre-prepared base put your favorite coverage.
Floor leveling scheme using lag and plywood.
In order to provide the surface with a moisture resistant base, an appropriate material can be used. The result is a coating that is not afraid of moisture.
Certain specialists often use ordinary flooring boards to reduce the cost of installation work.
She is fastened to the logs with special fasteners.
In order for the base leveling to be successful, it is important to pre-dry the wood. Otherwise, it may be noticeably deformed. Lagging is collected during the day.
Laying the linoleum on plywood.
Alignment of the base with the help of a wood board was used in the Soviet era, but even today it has not lost its relevance. Often, such a coating is an additional means to warm the base.
Fiberboard also helps straighten the plane and prepare it for laying linoleum. However, hardboard can deteriorate from moisture and within six months to become useless in the absence of waterproofing. Therefore, it is important to do the following:
Then the sheets of the wood plate are laid on the base, allow it to adapt and smooth its own plane. Then you can start fixing the material.
Fiberboard to concrete is glued with tar or boiled drying oil. Despite the high speed of the flooring, it will not be easy to dismantle these bases later. The most common method of fixing MDF is dowels. But such a base may not be the best way to reflect on the linoleum in the future. To avoid trouble, caps need to deepen screws.
Floor covering DVP assumes preliminary preparation of a surface. To do this, the process of leveling putty.
All the listed recommendations answer the question: how to level the floor? Each of these methods has its own positive and negative indications. Preferring one or another variety, it is important to make a decision and choose the appropriate option that helps to carry out smoothing measures in a short time.
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