How to level a floor quickly: recommendations of experts

Before putting a new floor on the floor, preliminary surface preparation is necessary. It is leveling the floor. On how this work will be carried out qualitatively, the subsequent installation and the quantity of consumed raw materials depend. How to level the floor quickly? To do this, it is necessary to know well the technology of laying and the rules of the following steps.

How to level a floor quickly: recommendations of experts

With a tie, you can level the floor even with significant defects, the main thing is to set up beacons correctly.

Therefore, the question of how to level the floor is quite logical, the answer to it can be found below.

First prepare the following tools:

  • level;
  • empty containers;
  • punch;
  • hammer;
  • rule and others that may be required during work (for example, tape measure).

Surface preparation

How to level a floor quickly: recommendations of experts

Dismantling scheme of the old flooring.

Before leveling the base, it is necessary to prepare the surface. To do this, remove the old baseboards, gently remove the cover, debris and dust. As soon as the cleaning is complete, it is important that the surface is properly primed. Beacons are installed in the corners, the advantage is given to laser. It is important to correctly determine the height of this device. Then assigned 4 points for the solution.

After that, the beacons are pressed to the desired height limit. For a clear installation of these elements, you can use a solution made from cement and plaster. They mix well with this mixture. And you should not completely cover it, you can leave 10 cm free space. Possible height difference will be 5-30 mm.

Making the screed: features

This method of leveling the floor is particularly relevant among the masters. It is often carried out on surfaces subject to significant defects. It is worth noting that the floor in a room with high humidity should be provided with high-quality waterproofing.

Subsequent installation of beacons will help to level the floor. They are placed around the perimeter of the room. At the same time, it is important to keep an equal distance between them. It is equal to the length of the rule minus 20 cm.

Their installation is associated with the following factors:

How to level a floor quickly: recommendations of experts

Floor alignment scheme with a coupler.

  1. The elevation level of the named structure will correspond to the height of the future floor. Therefore, this reason is given increased interest. When constructing screeds in rooms with plumbing, where there are pipes, they must be provided with reliable protection against mechanical damage that occurs during the expansion of the dried solution due to heating. For these purposes it is good to use a damper tape, it is installed over the entire area of ​​the room.
  2. Further leveling of the floor is associated with the preparation of the solution in proportions of 1: 3, making it from sand and cement.
  3. After that, the prepared mixture is poured into the space between the lighthouses and the foundation is smoothed using the rule.
  4. The main part of the methods is designed to work with the surface during the week. It is believed that during this time the solution will acquire a special fortress.

Important! To prepare the cement mixture, you should use water in 50% ratio to the dry matter. Excessively liquid consistency leads to cracks in the base.

Bulk floor: practical advice

How to level the floor? To get the necessary information, you can read the recommendations that allow the use of special-purpose mixtures for the installation of self-leveling floors. Such structures are not afraid of dampness, various mechanical effects and are characterized by excellent external data.

The technique is so simple and even an inexperienced master can handle it. The basic rules for leveling the self-leveling floor:

How to level a floor quickly: recommendations of experts

Layout of cracks in the floor before the screed.

  1. On the eve of the repair work, the room should be cleaned with a thorough sweeping of debris from the surface. Then double priming of the base takes place.
  2. Then horizontal marks are put on the walls, a level or level will help with this.
  3. After that, special beacons, called rappers, are put on the perimeter. They must be according to the level. Independently, it is set to the length of the probe and will show the thickness of the self-leveling floor.
  4. Next, a damping tape is installed over the entire area of ​​the room, which provides the surface with reliable protection from mechanical effects that occur during expansion under the action of high temperatures.
  5. After this, it is necessary to prepare the mixture. To properly maintain the proportions, you can read the instructions that come with the material. To the mixing process was most fruitful and fast, you can apply the nozzle on the drill.
  6. It is necessary to begin to fill the floor with especially problematic zones, where there are holes and irregularities. The level of the mixture is governed by reference points. Often, many professionals use spiked rollers to quickly level the floor, helping to fight air bubbles in the mix.
  7. The hardening time of the named solution is directly dependent on the selected material.

In order to properly level the floor in the room, it is necessary to maintain a certain air temperature in the room before pouring the surface, which will affect the further operation of the base. If such recommendations are not followed, the surface may be deformed and brought to an inappropriate appearance.

Lags and their proper arrangement

It is possible to level the floor in this way without making a tie. To do this, on the pre-prepared base put your favorite coverage.

How to level a floor quickly: recommendations of experts

Floor leveling scheme using lag and plywood.

  1. First, horizontal markings are made on the walls.
  2. After that, wood bars are laid all over the floor.
  3. The allowable distance between the lags is 50 cm. Dowels are used for better fastening.
  4. Some experts, in order to better level the floor, mount additional lags in the space between the slats. It turns out the base in the form of squares.
  5. To give the surface maximum flatness, you can use the building level with the appropriate markings. The resulting height will correspond to the final surface.
  6. In the space between the slats, it is possible to install insulation materials and a waterproofing layer.
  7. The subsequent leveling of the floor is associated with the installation of plywood sheets. As fasteners use screws, which are simply embedded in the plane.

In order to provide the surface with a moisture resistant base, an appropriate material can be used. The result is a coating that is not afraid of moisture.

Certain specialists often use ordinary flooring boards to reduce the cost of installation work.

She is fastened to the logs with special fasteners.

In order for the base leveling to be successful, it is important to pre-dry the wood. Otherwise, it may be noticeably deformed. Lagging is collected during the day.

Using fiberboard under linoleum

How to level a floor quickly: recommendations of experts

Laying the linoleum on plywood.

Alignment of the base with the help of a wood board was used in the Soviet era, but even today it has not lost its relevance. Often, such a coating is an additional means to warm the base.

Fiberboard also helps straighten the plane and prepare it for laying linoleum. However, hardboard can deteriorate from moisture and within six months to become useless in the absence of waterproofing. Therefore, it is important to do the following:

  • to dry the base during any period of work;
  • a plastic film is put with an overlap of 5-10 cm under the fiberboard; linseed oil

Then the sheets of the wood plate are laid on the base, allow it to adapt and smooth its own plane. Then you can start fixing the material.

Fixing hardboard to concrete

Fiberboard to concrete is glued with tar or boiled drying oil. Despite the high speed of the flooring, it will not be easy to dismantle these bases later. The most common method of fixing MDF is dowels. But such a base may not be the best way to reflect on the linoleum in the future. To avoid trouble, caps need to deepen screws.

Floor covering DVP assumes preliminary preparation of a surface. To do this, the process of leveling putty.

Leveling the floor: recommendations of experts

  1. For a good leveling of the floor, you need to stock up on tools. They will help avoid visible errors.
  2. A flawless surface can be made using leveling compounds.
  3. A conventional cement screed will be a less costly method of leveling the base. However, the process of its creation is somewhat complex.
  4. The use of leveling mixes must be combined with strict adherence to the installation instructions.
  5. Priming the mixture will provide durable protection against moisture, will contribute to good adhesion of the surface and reliable protection from the fungus.
  6. Conclusion

All the listed recommendations answer the question: how to level the floor? Each of these methods has its own positive and negative indications. Preferring one or another variety, it is important to make a decision and choose the appropriate option that helps to carry out smoothing measures in a short time.

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