The main operation in the woodworking industry is sawing. And one of the best tools for such a task is a circular saw. If you use a jigsaw, then, like many other home craftsmen, you can mistakenly assume that it is more versatile and easy to use. This, of course, is true, but a circular saw is better suited for creating straight cuts. And to work as safe, productive and high-quality, you need to know about the design features of this tool and the rules for its use.
The circular saw is used to create straight cuts for various materials.
The design of all models of the amateur and semi-professional level is almost the same. Dear professional units are equipped with additional elements and functions, but if you do not plan to open your sawmill, you will not need such a tool.
The design of the circular saw.
One of the main structural elements is the base plate. The instrument is attached directly to it. Despite its apparent simplicity, this element is very important. The base plate can be made of aluminum alloy and stamping.
Stamping is cheaper. Such a plate is quite strong, but any more or less strong mechanical effects, even the usual fall, lead to the deformation of the product. And it is impossible to get a high-quality cut from a saw with a deformed base plate. Yes, and straighten it yourself you are unlikely to succeed. Stampings have lower stiffness than their cast counterparts. Therefore, if you have sufficient budget, it is better to buy a plate with a cast support. The only drawback of such products is that they can crack when dropped. However, it all depends on the care and responsibility of the user.
The base plates of almost all saws are equipped with a mount for the stop. Thanks to this element, relatively accurate parallel cuts are possible. Practically all modern models are completed with a parallel emphasis. Such an emphasis is fastened in front, but there are also such models that allow it to be fastened both behind and in front.
If you have to cut very delicate materials, then you must wear a special nozzle on the sole of the base plate. Usually such nozzles are included by the manufacturer in the kit. For professional models, the base plates are equipped with a special groove, allowing you to work with the guide rail. With this element you can achieve the highest possible accuracy. However, the guides are usually not included, they have to be bought separately.
Table for circular saw.
Circular saws are equipped with many different elements and additional functions. For example, quite often on instruments there is an additional handle. Talking about her appointment does not make sense - it makes working with the tool more convenient. The only thing that needs to be noted, this element happens 2 types. The most convenient, according to user feedback, is the handle mounted on the saw platform. Most often tools are completed with an additional handle in the form of a fungus.
The circular saw is necessarily equipped with a protective casing. This element consists of two parts. The lower one is mobile, the upper one is fixed. In the upper part there is a special hole through which sawdust is removed during work. The hole may have a different shape. If you do not connect a vacuum cleaner to your saw, then you may not pay attention to the shape of the hole. If the vacuum cleaner is connected, it is better to choose a tool with a round hole, otherwise you will have to additionally look for a special adapter.
Circular saws must be equipped with a riving knife. It is designed so that the disk does not pinch in the process. This element is fastened with a pair of bolts. To make it easier to install and clean, in the upper casing of the saw there is a special hole. But there are models without such a hole. In such a situation, in order to gain access to the anchorages, the saw must be installed in a position that corresponds to zero kerf. To dismantle the knife has quite rarely. Usually the need for this arises when the workpiece has to be cut from the middle and not from the edge.
Circular saw unit.
It is important to be able to work with the tool's start button. At circular saws, it is not quite simple. This button is associated with a protective mechanism that eliminates the risk of accidentally turning on the saw. That is, you will not be able to click on this button until you press the unlock button. With this solution, circular saw becomes the most convenient to use. The button may have a different size. It is more convenient if it is big.
Another important design element is the spindle lock mechanism. It makes the installation process easier. It is found in most cases exclusively in expensive imported models.
It is important to be able to handle the power cord. At first it seems very simple, but if the saw is used outdoors in cold weather, it is best to have the power cord in rubber insulation. This option is preferable to plastic, because rubber is more flexible and its elasticity does not decrease at low temperatures.
Quite often, modern models of circular saws are equipped with various electronics. It facilitates the operation of the tool and makes it more convenient. The most common functions such as soft start, overload protection, speed adjustment, maintaining a constant level of speed.
The blades for the circular saw are used different for different materials.
One of the most important elements of any circular saw is the saw blade. You need to know that each tool can work with disks of a certain size. It is important to pay attention to such moments as the bore and the diameter of the disc. Safety precludes the use of discs of a larger or smaller diameter than the design of a specific tool requires. This can be done only with the use of special adapters.
Blades come in 6 basic types:
It is important to keep in mind that the circular saw, like almost any other power tool, is unsafe. Therefore, when working with it, you need to adhere to certain security measures that will help avoid electric shock, fire and other damage. When working with such a tool, manufacturers recommend to observe the following rules:
When working with a circular saw, hands and eyes should be protected.
Use the saw only with the chip removal system.
Before you start work, make sure that the extension cord is in good condition and the saw cord is intact. The circular saw itself must be dry and clean. Check the condition of the protective cover.
There are a number of things that are unacceptable when working with a circular saw. It is forbidden to do the following:
For repair, it is recommended to contact only certified centers. Subject to these simple rules and recommendations, working with a circular saw will be as safe and efficient as possible. Good luck!
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