Some car owners have places for them - garages. This is the best option not only to store the vehicle, but also to accommodate all the tools, parts and accessories. To make this room warm in the cold season, it is worth thinking about its weatherization. If there are no special problems with the walls and the roof in this case, you will have to tinker with the gate. In this article, we will look at how to insulate garage doors with our own hands; we will give recommendations on the main sources of heat loss.
Many wonder why it is so necessary to take care of the insulation of the garage doors from the inside. The answer is quite simple: if it is constantly cold inside, it will negatively affect the interior of the building, the car and some elements, such as engine oil. As a result, this will lead to the formation of mold on the walls of the garage and an unpleasant smell of damp, which sooner or later will be transferred to the vehicle. Unprotected metal components will begin to corrode, and the locking mechanism will often fail.
Gates insulated with foam
In addition, you should not forget that in a cold room you don’t be able to spend a lot of time, and, then, in the winter you will not have time to repair. Constant dampness in the autumn-winter period will not benefit the car owner, but only harm his health. To solve this problem, it is enough to carry out warming of all surfaces, but it is worth starting with the gate.
Thoughtful insulation will reduce the cost of car care, as well as not to harm their health.
No matter how strange it may sound, but to carry out high-quality insulation of the garage, in particular the gate, every owner will have to remember the basics chemistry and physics. What is meant? Constant fluctuations in day and night temperatures lead to condensation inside the garage, especially at the gate. That he will constantly negatively affect everything that is here, from the trim and ending with the car itself.
If we carry out all the steps for warming surfaces and garage doors, then even in the coldest time of the year inside the room the temperature should not fall below + 5ºС. Therefore, before you begin to plan the insulation, it is necessary to take note of many nuances. The basis of the insulation is properly selected material, which will be attached to the garage door.
In just one winter, corrosion will form on the metal elements in an unheated room, which quickly deteriorates the structure. In addition, it is worth considering that electrical wiring will also deteriorate due to this phenomenon, and this, in turn, can lead to a fire.
Almost the entire process of insulation will depend precisely on whether the material for insulation has been chosen correctly. When choosing it is important to consider its properties and quality. Among the entire range of insulation, and it is quite large, opt for the three most popular options:
Each of them has a lot of advantages, but you need to pay attention to the minuses. For example, foam plastic is not fire resistant enough, but it also has high moisture resistance and low thermal conductivity. Mineral wool, on the contrary, has a high level of refractoriness, but minimal moisture resistance.
Polyurethane is the latest technology for insulating garage rooms from the inside. This coating is quite effective and fully cope with the task. The advantages include:
When insulating a garage door, it is necessary to assume that the surface of the gate should heat up very quickly, let the heat in well, and slowly let it out. Also, do not forget to pre-measure the area, which will be warmed to purchase the required amount of material and other necessary elements (fasteners or glue).
When choosing a heater, pay attention not only to the thermal conductivity, but also to the presence of thermal inertia.
Basic methods of self-insulating
Conducting technology The insulation will depend entirely on the material chosen.The principle of insulation is the same for all insulation materials. All processes are fairly simple, so they can be easily performed independently without the involvement of professionals, and, therefore, save your money.
Insulation work can be carried out in several ways:
Before you begin, carefully inspect the sections and the frame of the garage doors. In the presence of rust or other damage, they must be repaired. To eliminate the gaps is enough to use mounting foam. This will prevent the loss of large amounts of heat, as well as the formation of drafts. In addition, it is through the cracks in the room usually gets snow in a blizzard.
Insulation of the gate openings
The next step is to install special polymer inserts on the floor. With their help, you can prevent moisture from melting snow and rain. For greater reliability, garage sashings should be coated with a primer, and the top should be painted using paint with anti-corrosion properties. Before proceeding with the installation or installation of a heat insulator, you must wait until the paint has completely dried.
It is recommended to apply paint on both sides in order to achieve greater efficiency.
If the choice fell on foam plastic insulation, you can lay it on the metal surface itself, and between the crate. For the first option, you need a special glue, and for the second - a special frame. You can make a crate of rails, lumber or metal profile, and sheathe the gate with plastic panels or wooden clapboard.
It is possible to carry out the process of insulating only one leaf (for these purposes it is also recommended to use foam plates). It is worth considering that if you wish to repeat the process for the second cross-sections, you should use the same material of the same thickness with identical characteristics. In the process of fixing foam, it is important to adhere to one rule: between the heat insulator and the gate should not remain even the smallest air gap. Otherwise, condensate will accumulate here, which will have a negative effect on the metal and conducted insulation.
It is necessary to pick up the material and the method of its fixation on the garage doors on the basis of the design of the target.
Applying the adhesive to the foam
To carry out the insulation of the gate, you must follow a certain sequence:
Pay attention during the insulation to the cracks, especially at the junction of the two wings.
Gates insulated with polyurethane foam
If your garage is in a garage cooperative, then for its arrangement it is enough to restrict ourselves to the insulation of the gate. So, you significantly reduce heat loss. This means that this event should be held. The only question is which material for insulation is best suited. But this has already been mentioned in this article.
In order to prevent the door from corroding due to the accumulation of condensate between the metal and the insulation layer, waterproofing of metal swing gates should be carried out. In this role can act self-adhesive izolon. It can be used as an additional / main thermal insulation. In this case, it all depends on its thickness.
If the isolon has insufficient thickness, then it should be glued to sheets of polystyrene foam, for example. This is done using tile adhesive / foam. Here as you wish.
How to glue the foam in more detail has already been described in the article.
Framework for door insulation
It is worth noting that extruded polystyrene is strong enough, so after its installation it is possible and not to do the exterior finish gate. It is enough just to glue the seams with aluminum foil.But when using foamed polystyrene, which has a low density, it is impossible to do without finishing the door trim. For these purposes, you can use wooden paneling / siding / OSB.
The instructions in this article will help you insulate the garage door quickly and efficiently. If you already have experience in this business, write comments to the article.
You can find out how to properly insulate the garage without help from the video:
The photo shows options for garage door insulation:
Framework for insulation
Insulation sheathing with laminate
Door trim with a USB plate
Gate insulation scheme
Welding steel frame for heat insulation
Insulation with mineral wool
Warming polystyrene foam roll
Warming of the gate with foiled polyethylene
Foam as a heater
Polyurethane foam insulation