The water entering our water pipes is by no means ideal. It is too tough, it smells like bleach, and has other impurities. In addition to this, we constantly feed the washing machine with various chemicals. And our "washer" reacts with displeasure to it, urgently demanding cleaning. Especially she does not like the appeared scum. To find out how to clean the washing machine machine correctly, we suggest reading the recommendations of service specialists.
First make sure that cleaning is a necessary and necessary action. And what exactly needs to be cleaned, knowing will not hurt. Let's take a look inside the machine, which worked for a long time. With high probability on the surface of plastic and metal parts, we will see a dirty patina. It can be solid, having mineral substances in its composition, therefore it cannot cope with a rag or hands.
The causes of such troubles can be as follows:
The water coming from the water supply is hard or dirty .
The powder contains too many chemical components.
The machine runs continuously in the "intensive wash" mode.
It is especially bad that many of the corners where dirt accumulates are difficult to access. Try to clean them - the hand will not crawl there, and poking something sharp is too dangerous. So mud is accumulated more and more, and then the machine does not stand up and breaks. And repair costs a lot of money. So why bring it to such extremes - it is better to ask in advance how to clean the washing machine drum, its tank and the heating element. By taking action in time, you can significantly extend the life of the device.
form When the water is too hard, it is full of calcium and magnesium salts. When heated, they are converted to carbon dioxide and solid sediment, which, along with dirty particles (for example, rust pieces), remains on the heater and washing machine tank. Scaling the scale, the metal heating element conducts heat worse. Result: water heats up longer, more electricity is required. And the dirt from the water also does its “black deed” - it clogs the inlet valve, the details of which wear out prematurely.
Important: a maximum of dirt and debris enters the machine after repairing or turning off the water.
To find out whether there is scale on a teng or not, you can do it yourself. Usually the heating element is located directly under the drum, or slightly offset from its center to one side. Taking a flashlight, direct its beam to the holes in the drum, trying to make out the heating element. At the same time, slightly shake the drum so that the lighting is even. Often this is not immediately possible - you have to experiment a bit with the speed of wiggling.
Teng washing machines with huge salt deposits.
To begin, let us tell you how to clean the washing machine from scale by special means. It is called so - "antinakipin". As part of it there is an acid that dissolves the crust of sediments. Having filled the tool in the machine, you need to enable a special mode - "washing without linen". The result does not take long - a chemical reaction that occurs when heated, eliminates the elements of the device from the layer of scale. Cheap and angry.
Unfortunately, this method also has "pitfalls". If you pour powder for cleaning, you can spoil the elements of the washing machine, made of rubber (that simply “flow”). Yes, and breathing acid fumes is not very useful. But to use this tool as simple as possible, and it costs a penny. By the way: do not confuse it with special softeners, which are placed in water when washing with laundry. They just do not get rid of scale.
If you wash very often, then carry out this procedure once a quarter. With a rarer use of the device, cleaning every six months is enough. The washing mode is chosen "without linen", the temperature is set from 60 to 90 degrees, and then where we usually fall asleep washing powder, add citric acid (50-100 grams). It turns out qualitatively and inexpensively, and at the same time it is possible to eliminate extraneous odors (if, of course, they exist). Such prevention will not cause any harm to the parts of the washing machine - it has been checked repeatedly.
As experts say, it is the cleaning of the washing machine with vinegar that gives the best effect. Let us tell you in steps how to do it:
Here we get rid of the cause in advance, using all sorts of magnetic water softeners. They can stand directly on the inlet hose of the machine, and at the entrance of the pipeline to the apartment. They are called softener filters (or water converters).
A magnetic water softener cleans it from magnesium and calcium. No these salts - no problem. Neither on the surface of the tank, nor on the heating element of the scale does not appear again - great. If you talk in more detail, then strong magnets break up lime deposits (calcite) into ions. As a result of this splitting, instead of calcite, we get aragonite - it does not form any deposits. Thus, passing the "magnetic" water through the tank of the machine, we get clean surfaces of the tank itself and the heater.
The disadvantages of this method are that it is not affordable for everyone. A softener costs about 30 dollars - it is much more expensive than a sachet of "anti-scum". But it is very convenient to use it, and the filter is about 50 years old. Once spent, you can live happily ever after, no longer wondering how to remove the scum from the washing machine.
In addition to magnetic filters, there are also mechanical cleaning filters (sediment filters). They clean water from rust and sand. This helps prevent pipe clogs and save appliances from damage. By the way, and sanitary devices in the presence of such filters last longer.
This method is based on the following: the more hot water the machine washes, the more scale it accumulates on its elements. Manufacturers of modern SM take into account this fact, equipping their products with new programs for washing. In this case, the water is heated only up to 40 or 50 degrees, and the dirt is washed perfectly. This method manages to "kill two birds with one stone" - not only to get rid of the appearance of scale, but also to save electricity.
Tan can last for a long time, and it can quickly break. The reason for this is not necessarily a marriage - a lot depends on the washing mode and loads. If you often wash worn linen, then the particles that have precipitated, will provoke the formation of scale. And falsified laundry powders are also very harmful - using such means, you can not only disable the heating element, but also the whole machine.
Thus, those who want to live economically, without scattering extra money for electricity or repairing a washing machine, should take a look at the softening filter or use the antinakipin tool. Do not forget about the mechanical filter that removes particles of dirt. And when you wash should choose those modes in which water is heated less.
And now it’s worth finding out what advices the professionals can give about this - employees of service centers for washing machines. Well, they are probably the best who can know how to clean the washing machine-machine from dirt. After all, the masters face a similar problem every day. Therefore, we asked some questions to one of the employees of the service center, the answers to which you can get below.
Today, even three-year-olds know by heart advertisements where the washing machine suffers a bitter fate, and that’s because the miracle anti-scale agent wasn’t used in time . Hundreds and thousands of housewives, not wanting such a favorite "washer", rushed after watching TV to the store, believing the advertisement. Still, automatic cars cannot be called cheap equipment, and their connection costs a lot of money.
But Kalgon is by no means a saving panacea - it is an ordinary softener for water, nothing more. Its composition is as follows: soda plus sodium triphosphate (tripolyphosphoric acid salt Na5P3O10). It is worth packing a product weighing a little more than a pound more than $ 3, which is 3 times more expensive than the cost of components. By the way, it is quite possible to take these components and make the mixture yourself. It will turn out not worse, but much cheaper. However, you should not rush to do it, as well as acquire ready-made Calgon.
It turns out that this softener does not at all serve as a reliable protection for the teng - on the contrary, it only makes it worse for him. With constant use of the tool, the surface of the tubular electric heater becomes solid, resembling cemented.Where there is scale from magnesium and calcium - this layer is much harder and stronger. As a result, the heater quickly burns out.
By the way, modern manufacturers will certainly add a softener and other substances that care for the machine to good laundry powders. And experienced service masters recommend forgetting about Calgon tool. And if you do not want your car to wear out ahead of time, then do not listen to the man from the advertisement. By the way, to make preventive measures against scale can be much cheaper.
In order to avoid breakdowns, it needs to be done periodically. Like hoses, a filter requires careful attention. It is impossible to allow blockages - it will end badly.
Before work, you need to lay a rag under the typewriter so that you do not have to collect dirty water on the floor. You will still need some bowl where you need to drain the water from the drain hose (it is located behind the panel that covers the filter). To do this, lower the hose to the bottom of the basin. The filter is located in a special flap in the bottom of the washing machine.
Open the flap.
The filter itself is removed only after the water has completely drained from the hose. It is removed by turning it counterclockwise.
By unscrewing the filter, we don’t get it right away, but hold it a little and let the remaining water drain on a rag.
Having examined his impeller, we remove from it all contaminants, including down and hair. Then we put the filter in place.
The base itself, where the filter is inserted, must also be cleaned.
As you can see, there are no special secrets in how to clean the filter of a washing machine.
Tip # 1.
The cleanliness of a washing machine is a guarantee that it will live long. You can not leave for a long time underwear in the tank - moist heat too much fungus and mold. They smell and unpleasant, and the machine works worse. So make it a rule to immediately wash the washed laundry or place it in the basin.
Tip # 2.
Do not forget to air the "washer" - so all excess moisture will quickly disappear from it. Wet stains on the inner walls, wipe with a dry cloth.
Tip # 3.
Clean the machine about once every 6 months - at least. However, more frequent prophylaxis will not hurt - once in 2 months. The cleansing method is one of the above, that is, it can be citric acid, vinegar or antinacipin.
Tip # 4.
Each SM has a filter at the bottom that becomes dirty after washing. It must be cleaned regularly.
Tip # 5.
Lime crystallizes when water is heated to 75 degrees. If you heat the water to 70 degrees, the tank and the heater will remain clean. Therefore, select the appropriate program.